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Information Literacy

Information Literacy includes:

The ability of a student to:
1. Identify the need for information
Select a topic
2. Access information
Perform Web and library database searching (HW 1 and Lab 8)
3. Evaluate information critically
Determine if sources are relevant, current, reliable (Lab 8)
4. Use information for the specific purpose
Write the paper (Final Project)
5. Use information ethically and legally
Correctly compile in-text citations and reference list (HW 2)
APA formatting
Rules of style and formatting pertaining to uniformity in
written communication.

Includes uniform use of:

• punctuation and abbreviations
• construction of tables
• selection of headings
• citation of references, and
• presentation of statistics

First developed over 80 years ago

APA's style rules and guidelines are set out in a reference book called The
Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association.
APA basics
The APA style paper has 4 major sections
– Title page
– Abstract page
– Main Body
– References page
Title page
• Page header – 1 line at the top
of the page includes:
– The words : “Running Head:”
followed by the title of the
paper flush left
– The page number flush right
• title of the paper
– in upper and lowercase letters
centered in the upper half of
the page with no more than 12
words in length.
– All text on the title page, and
throughout your paper, should
be double-spaced.
– title may take up one or two
• author's name,
• institutional affiliation
Abstract Page
• Begin a new page.
• Include the page header
(described above except
without the words “Running
• On the first line of the abstract
page, center the word
“Abstract” (no bold, formatting,
italics, underlining, or quotation
• Beginning with the next line (no
indentation), write a concise
summary of the key points of
your research.
Main Body
• typed, double-spaced, standard
(8.5" x 11") paper, 1" margins
on all sides, 12 pt, Times New
Roman font.
• page header at the top of every
page (do not use the words
“Running head”.
• in-text citations required -
follow the author-date method
(author's last name and the year
of publication for the source
should appear in the text, for
example, (Jones, 1998),
• All in-text citations must appear
in the reference list at the end
of the paper.
References page
• Double spaced
• hanging indentation - All
lines after the first line of
each entry in your
reference list should be
indented one-half inch
from the left margin
• Authors' names are
inverted (last name first)
• Alphabetized by the last
name of the first author
Sample References list
Library DB:
Author, A. A. (Date of publication). Title of article.
Title of Online Periodical. Retrieved from

Web page:
Author, A. A. (Date of publication). Title of document.
Retrieved from
Your information literacy