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Presentation 16:

WALL TYPE
IDENTIFICATION

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Walls versus Partitions

• Walls
– A general term for a vertical building
component used to support loads and divide
up living spaces
– Also a term used exclusively to describe
exterior vertical surfaces
• Partitions
– Interior walls

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Types of Walls

• Partitions and walls may each be load-


bearing (LB) or non-load-bearing (NLB).

• With these combinations, there are four


possible types of walls and partitions.

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Types of Walls

1• LBW – Load-Bearing Wall

2• NLBW – Non-Load-Bearing Wall

3• LBP – Load-Bearing Partition

4• NLBP – Non-Load-Bearing Partition

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Virtual Construction
A portion of a typically
framed house.

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Virtual Construction
Construction
begins on a floor
system.

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Virtual Construction

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Virtual Construction
These are exterior,
thus they are walls.

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Virtual Construction
They are also
load-bearing.

LBW

LBW

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Virtual Construction

LBW

LBW

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Virtual Construction
This wall is exterior,
but is not load-bearing.

LBW

LBW NLBW

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Virtual Construction
This is an interior wall
(partition) and can be
load-bearing.

LBW
LBP

LBW NLBW

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Virtual Construction
The others are interior
and non-load-bearing.
NLBP
LBW
LBP

LBW NLBW

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Virtual Construction

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Virtual Construction
Removing theisroof
Construction
systematic
system

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Virtual Construction
and the upper plates
and studs
NLBP
LBW
LBP

LBW NLBW

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Sole Plates A close look at the plate
intersections will show
these walls are laid out
differently.

(4) NLBP

(3) LBP (2) NLBW

(1) LBW

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(1) LBW Plate

Note that end of plate is also


where the dimensions begin.

LBW

NLBW

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(2) NLBW Plate

Note that end of plate is


NOT where the dimensions
begin.
LBW NLBW

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(3) LBP Plate

Note that end of plate is


NOT where the dimensions
begin.
LBP

NLBW

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(4) NLBP Plate

Note that centerlines are not LBW


from end of plate, but OC may
be.
NLBP

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Conclusions

• Walls are exterior, partitions are interior.


• Each may be load-bearing or non-load-bearing.
• Layout of centerlines and OC studs varies.
Measure to OC Measure to Centerlines

LBW From end of plate From end of plate


NLBW Include width of abutting LBW Include width of abutting LBW
and sheathing thickness
LBP Include width of abutting NLBW Include width of abutting NLBW

NLBP From end of plate Include width of abutting LBW

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