Agenda

‡ Absolutely required:
± Basic navigational tools ± GPS ± EPIRB ± VHF ± Instrumentation ± Autopilot ± SSB

‡ Very nice to have
± Weather Fax ± Radar (reflector required) ± Computers & S/W

SSS Transpac Electronics Seminar 1/12/00 Copyright © 2000 GoFast Marine

GoFast Marine anna@gofastmarine.com

Basic Navigational Tools
‡ Clock (need GPS or SSB to set)
± Digital watch with 2 time zones - set one to UTC (Zulu) ± Radio capable of receiving the Time Broad Service from WWV & WWVH - required for race

‡ Compass (swing) - required for race ‡ Sextant (& reduction tables, almanac, calculator, practice!) - required for race ‡ Barometer ‡ Charts & plotting paper, plotting tools- required for race
SSS Transpac Electronics Seminar 1/12/00 Copyright © 2000 GoFast Marine GoFast Marine anna@gofastmarine.com

Basic Navigational Tools
‡ NO electronic instrumentation can substitute for good seamanship ‡ Read Bowditch (or other good navigation book) and/or take a class!! Buy Bowditch here. ‡ Keep good logs

SSS Transpac Electronics Seminar 1/12/00 Copyright © 2000 GoFast Marine

GoFast Marine anna@gofastmarine.com

waypoint range & bearing.GPS ‡ Options ± Handheld ± Fix-mount with NMEA I/F ± Chart drive (or chart plotter) for either ‡ Great for when you¶re really tired and can¶t do basic math or navigating in tricky situations ‡ NMEA Interface ± Interface to instrumentation for computing and displaying COG. VMC. SOG.com . and current set & drift ± Interface to EPIRB & navigational computer SSS Transpac Electronics Seminar 1/12/00 Copyright © 2000 GoFast Marine GoFast Marine anna@gofastmarine.

try it out!! ± Power consumption (how long batteries last) ± Number of waypoints & routes ‡ Some Options: ± Handheld (& lots of batteries) ($150 .$280) ± Fix-mount w/chart drive & NMEA I/F ($600 .easy to see lifts and headers ± Screen readability & easy keypad operation .GPS ‡ Features: ± I really like track feature .My choice SSS Transpac Electronics Seminar 1/12/00 Copyright © 2000 GoFast Marine GoFast Marine anna@gofastmarine.$1.com .400) ± Handheld and fix-mount w/chart drive & NMEA I/F ($750) .

http://www.http://www.http://www.garmin.com ± B&G .com ± Simrad .si-tex.com ± Si-Tex Marine Electronics .com ± Magellan .sea-dmi.uk ± Datamarine .GPS Manufacturers ‡ A GPS is required for the race ‡ If you buy more than one.com SSS Transpac Electronics Seminar 1/12/00 Copyright © 2000 GoFast Marine GoFast Marine anna@gofastmarine.http://www.com .com ± Raytheon .furuno.com ± Furono .http://www.http://www.magellangps.simrad. stick with one manufacturer to simplify usability ± Garmin .http://www.co.bandg.raymarine.http://www.

acrelectronics.com .com SSS Transpac Electronics Seminar 1/12/00 Copyright © 2000 GoFast Marine GoFast Marine anna@gofastmarine.http://www.EPIRB¶s ‡ 406 Mhz EPIRB required for race ‡ Options ± Mounted or personal ± Automatically or manually deployable ± I/F to GPS through NMEA I/F & opto-isolator ‡ updates position stored in EPIRB every 20 minutes ‡ Race Preparation: ± Register it with NOAA ± Perform self test & ensure battery is up to date ‡ ACR Electronics .

com .S.VHF ‡ VHF Marine Radio Broadcasts ± Urgent marine navigational and weather information is broadcast over VHF channel 22A (157. waters over 20m in length are required to monitor VHF channel 16.S.1 MHZ) ± All ships in U. and must have radios capable of tuning to the VHF simplex channel 22A ‡ NOAA Weather Radio ± The U. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration continually broadcasts weather information on frequencies near 162 MHZ SSS Transpac Electronics Seminar 1/12/00 Copyright © 2000 GoFast Marine GoFast Marine anna@gofastmarine.

etc. it¶s line of sight communication (required for race anyway) ± Run marine grade large size coax. also SSS Transpac Electronics Seminar 1/12/00 Copyright © 2000 GoFast Marine GoFast Marine anna@gofastmarine.VHF ‡ Get masthead antenna. but if you have an SSB.com . radar.. RG8 (available at West Marine) or RG13 ± Have emergency antenna available in case you¶re dismasted (required for race) ‡ Handheld is a convenience ‡ No longer need a radio license for recreational marine VHF operation. you register your VHF.

com ± Uniden America .sea-dmi.http://www.nv.http://www.http://acs.westmarine.http://www.com SSS Transpac Electronics Seminar 1/12/00 Copyright © 2000 GoFast Marine GoFast Marine anna@gofastmarine.http://www.http://www.bandg.com ± Si-Tex Marine Electronics .uk ± Datamarine .com ± Furono .co.net/marine ‡ Standard sold the Marine and Mobile products divisions to Yaesu USA ± Icom America .raymarine.com ± Raytheon .furuno.com ± West Marine .com .http://www.VHF Radio Manufacturers ± Horizon .uniden.si-tex.http://www.com ± B&G .http://www.icomamerica.

Instrumentation ‡ Basic ± Depth .optional ‡ Ability to display both at nav station from a single display and multiple. easy to read displays on deck ‡ Ability to set high & low alarm limits SSS Transpac Electronics Seminar 1/12/00 Copyright © 2000 GoFast Marine GoFast Marine anna@gofastmarine.required for race ± Boat speed (fun meter!!!) . big. selectable.com .required for race ± Wind direction & angle (apparent & true) ± Battery voltage ± Analog (good for app. wind angle) .

Instrumentation ‡ More better (need NMEA I/F with GPS for these): ± VMC.com . SOG/COG. waypoint range and bearing ± Current set & direction ‡ Required for even moderately serious racing: ± Polar information & ability to update ± Ockam U book ($25) and website are helpful resources ‡ Preparation: ± Calibrate instrumentation! ± Check to see if any fuses required & bring spares SSS Transpac Electronics Seminar 1/12/00 Copyright © 2000 GoFast Marine GoFast Marine anna@gofastmarine.

mag heading. actual and target boat speed (from polars . polar angle (from polars) or wpt bearing ± Small: True wind speed & direction.keeps you more honest) ± Analog: 360 and magnified app. wind angle ± Handheld GPS to see boat¶s track SSS Transpac Electronics Seminar 1/12/00 Copyright © 2000 GoFast Marine GoFast Marine anna@gofastmarine.Instrumentation ‡ My favorites: ± Big: VMC (for reaching & surfing .com .keeps you honest).

autohelm.nex-marine.http://www.net/marine SSS Transpac Electronics Seminar 1/12/00 Copyright © 2000 GoFast Marine GoFast Marine anna@gofastmarine.html ‡ Have heard that it can produce RF interference ± Autohelm/Raytheon .com ± Horizon .http://acs.http://www.kvh.com ± Nexus Marine .com ± Datamarine .uk ‡ All components are waterproof ± Ockam .com/products/index.co.ockam.com ± KVH .http://www.bandg.nv.sea-dmi.com .Instrumentation Manufacturers ± B&G .http://www.http://www.http://www.

com .Autopilots ‡ Requires significant time to select. install and tune. don¶t leave this until last ± Selection requires a lot of due diligence ± May require professional installation ‡ Race Preparation: ± Parameter tuning ± Practice ± Fuses ± Spares!! SSS Transpac Electronics Seminar 1/12/00 Copyright © 2000 GoFast Marine GoFast Marine anna@gofastmarine.

but not jibe SSS Transpac Electronics Seminar 1/12/00 Copyright © 2000 GoFast Marine GoFast Marine anna@gofastmarine. they can¶t do it ± An autopilot can only steer a boat downwind if a human can ± Boat must be ³driveable´ and in good trim ‡ If you want to carry a kite ± The pilot must be able to drive ± You trim ± Pretty much true even if you fly a jib ‡ Want an autopilot that can compensate for the effects of surfing down waves ± Need to be able to compensate for change in AWA ± Needs to know to drive down.com .Autopilots ‡ If you can¶t do it.

recommended ‡ More expensive than smaller cockpit-mounted pilots ‡ Much more heavy duty.Autopilots ‡ Small cockpit mounted pilots ‡ Relatively inexpensive. have real difficulty steering in rough weather or fast boat speeds ‡ Ideal for occasional use in light to moderate conditions ‡ Not intended or recommended for the oceangoing boat ‡ Under deck pilots .com . not especially waterproof ‡ Low response time . faster response time ‡ Often need professional installation ‡ Failure is most often caused by overstressing or getting a unit too small for the boat SSS Transpac Electronics Seminar 1/12/00 Copyright © 2000 GoFast Marine GoFast Marine anna@gofastmarine.on most boats.

9 deg/sec 10 deg/sec 20 deg/sec ± See a trend here? ‡ Extrapolate for your boat * Stan Honey¶s favorite boats because they are the easy to steer downwind SSS Transpac Electronics Seminar 1/12/00 Copyright © 2000 GoFast Marine GoFast Marine anna@gofastmarine.Autopilots ‡ Considerations: ± Response speed/rate of turn ‡ SC 70* ‡ SC 50 ‡ Cal 40* ‡ Moore 24* 6 .com .7 deg/sec 8 .

you may be able to add a gyro ‡ KVH makes a good one SSS Transpac Electronics Seminar 1/12/00 Copyright © 2000 GoFast Marine GoFast Marine anna@gofastmarine.Autopilots ‡ Considerations ± Ability to steer to polars ‡ B&G ‡ Alpha Marine or W-H with Stan Honey¶s S/W ± Ability to I/F to rate gyro ‡ If you already have an autopilot.com .

yuck. boat speed and speed of turn ‡ Measure on your boat using a scale (or. disengage & dodge functions (not all physically disengage & can add friction when not in use) ± Remote control SSS Transpac Electronics Seminar 1/12/00 Copyright © 2000 GoFast Marine GoFast Marine anna@gofastmarine.com .Autopilots ‡ Considerations: ± Steering force ‡ Depends on rudder size. do the math) ± Power consumption ‡ Dependant on how pilot operates. engage. not size of pilot! ± I/F capability with instrumentation & computer ± Make sure you¶re happy with user I/F.

Autopilots . essentially a much more powerful version of the cockpit tiller autopilot ± Hydraulic/linear ‡ A hydraulic pump drives the push rod ‡ Constant running or reversing pump ± Mechanical/rotary ‡ Chains & gears ± Dedicated Hydraulic ‡ Linked into hydraulic steering systems SSS Transpac Electronics Seminar 1/12/00 Copyright © 2000 GoFast Marine GoFast Marine anna@gofastmarine.com .Below Deck Drives ± Mechanical/linear ‡ OK if boat can be easily steered with a tiller ‡ Translates rotary motion into highly geared linear motion in the arm.

com .Autopilots ‡ Power Consumption ± Based on: ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ Brand Vessel size Steering arrangement Speed and frequency of corrections Sea state ± Should have the ability to chose the rate of response based on conditions ± An autopilot can draw between 2 and 10 Amps per hour. so 24 hour use can add considerably to the total onboard power consumption ± Check power consumption on hydraulic pumps SSS Transpac Electronics Seminar 1/12/00 Copyright © 2000 GoFast Marine GoFast Marine anna@gofastmarine.

whautopilots.bandg.autohelm.http://www.Autopilot Manufacturers ± Course Master .Phone: 206 275 1200 Simrad/Robertson/Navico .http://www.nex-marine.http://www.com ‡ Use plastic gears? ± Nexus Marine .com ‡ Used by all Australian finishers in the BOC Challenge since 1982 ± ± ± ± ± W-H Autopilots .com Autohelm/Raytheon .http://www.com B&G .coursemaster.http://www.simrad.uk Alpha Marine .co.http://www.com .com SSS Transpac Electronics Seminar 1/12/00 Copyright © 2000 GoFast Marine GoFast Marine anna@gofastmarine.

Email. NAVTEX SSS Transpac Electronics Seminar 1/12/00 Copyright © 2000 GoFast Marine GoFast Marine anna@gofastmarine.SSB ‡ Emergency communication ‡ Race position reporting ‡ Accurate time signal ‡ Ship to ship ‡ Text messages .com . SITOR.

SSB ‡ Ship to shore ‡ Marine radio telephone ± AT&T pulled the plug ± WLO is the only operational radio telephone service in the U. ‡ You must make advance arrangements ± They can not make collect calls into California ± You must pre-register with a credit card SSS Transpac Electronics Seminar 1/12/00 Copyright © 2000 GoFast Marine GoFast Marine anna@gofastmarine.S.com .

can talk with other HAM operators ± Can participate on Marine Nets ‡ Legal to discuss business ± Ordering parts. except in emergency ± Can listen ‡ Requires a General Class License ± All require knowledge of Morse code & written test ‡ Simplex operation ‡ More bands on which to transmit. arranging a tow or other private business ‡ Illegal to discuss business SSS Transpac Electronics Seminar 1/12/00 Copyright © 2000 GoFast Marine GoFast Marine anna@gofastmarine.com .SSB vs HAM ‡ Requires only a radio license easily obtainable from the FCC ‡ Duplex or Simplex operation ‡ Can not transmit on HAM bands.

http://www. configure frequencies.gov/formpage. antennas. get transmission schedules ‡ See booklet on propagation.html. power & grounding. good power.fcc. Spare if you lose your rig). and frequencies SSS Transpac Electronics Seminar 1/12/00 Copyright © 2000 GoFast Marine GoFast Marine anna@gofastmarine.com . good ground are critical ‡ Race preparation: ± fuses.SSB ‡ Don¶t forget you need an FFC radio license! ± Application forms in PDF are on the web. you need form 506 ± Transmitting on frequencies other than permitted by your license is illegal ‡ Good antenna (incl.

com .furuno.com ‡ Raytheon Marine .http://www.sea-dmi.http://www.com ‡ Si-Tex Marine Electronics .sitex.com ‡ Kenwood Communications Corp.raymarine.http://www. http://www.kenwood.http://www.net ‡ Furono .http://www.icomamerica.com ‡ Datamarine .SSB Manufacturers ‡ Icom America .com SSS Transpac Electronics Seminar 1/12/00 Copyright © 2000 GoFast Marine GoFast Marine anna@gofastmarine.

To convert to carrier frequencies. Schedules & User¶s Guide ± http://weather.shtml ± SSB frequencies are assigned frequencies.hffax.9 khz from the assigned frequencies. subtract 1.de SSS Transpac Electronics Seminar 1/12/00 Copyright © 2000 GoFast Marine GoFast Marine anna@gofastmarine.com .noaa.gov/fax/ptreyes. ‡ To learn more: http://www.Weather Fax ‡ Equipment ± Can use computer & S/W with demodulator or dedicated equipment ± Don¶t want to have to baby-sit & worry about being in front of the radio at the scheduled broadcast time ‡ Images.

12Z Surface Chart. 12Z ‡ 500MB Chart Forecast 115W-135E Northern Hemisphere ± 48HR & 96HR ± The further out the prediction. 48HR & 96HR Surface Charts ± UPPER AIR CHARTS (For Advanced Users) ‡ 500 MB Chart Analysis 115W-135E Northern Hemisphere ± 00Z.Weather Fax ‡ Products ± SURFACE CHARTS ‡ Analysis 115W-175W Northern Hemisphere (Part 1) ± 00Z Surface Chart. ‡ Forecast 115W-135E Northern Hemisphere ± 24HR.com . 18Z Surface Chart. 06Z Surface Chart. the less accuracy SSS Transpac Electronics Seminar 1/12/00 Copyright © 2000 GoFast Marine GoFast Marine anna@gofastmarine.

SSS Transpac Electronics Seminar 1/12/00 Copyright © 2000 GoFast Marine GoFast Marine anna@gofastmarine.exe ‡ ³It is still a work in progress.mscan. so only attempt using it if you are interested in helping Jim Corenman debug it.com .Weather Fax Manufacturers ‡ S/W ± Cortex ± SSC (Software Systems Consulting) HF Fax 6.g. 7 or 8 ± JVcomm32 (http://www.com) ± wxfax.´ ‡ It's (substantial) advantage is that it can remote control your radio according to a schedule of preprogrammed times and frequencies (assuming you have a radio with a supported interface e.de) and Mscan Meteo (http://www. Icom 710).jvcomm.

com ‡ Has PC data port on their SSB SSS Transpac Electronics Seminar 1/12/00 Copyright © 2000 GoFast Marine GoFast Marine anna@gofastmarine.Weather Fax Manufacturers ‡ Dedicated.http://www.http://www. stand-alone ± Furuno .com .sea-dmi.si-tex.com ‡ Will both control radio power (off/on) and tune radio ± Datamarine .com ‡ Requires separate printer (but that also means that it uses µnormal¶ paper ‡ SSB Integrated ± Si-Tex Marine Electronics .http://www.furuno.

Radars & Deflectors ‡ Selecting A Radar System ± Buy the biggest radar your budget and boat can support ‡ Output power. beam width and display size all improve as you go up in size ‡ More features (such as two EBLs instead of one) and improved plotting functions are usually included with larger units ± While all sailors abhor weight and windage aloft. resist the temptation to go for the smallest antenna you can find ‡ Larger scanners have a narrower horizontal beam width ± See notes on selecting a display SSS Transpac Electronics Seminar 1/12/00 Copyright © 2000 GoFast Marine GoFast Marine anna@gofastmarine.com .

com .Radars & Deflectors ‡ Can see storms as well as traffic (wind hits first) ‡ Alarm and adjustable guard zones ‡ NMEA I/F ‡ Race Preparation: ± Be sure it¶s well tuned ± Fuses SSS Transpac Electronics Seminar 1/12/00 Copyright © 2000 GoFast Marine GoFast Marine anna@gofastmarine.

a good one is $60. especially those with non-metallic hulls. repeatable radar return is required ± Small vessels.com . a strong.Radars & Deflectors ‡ A Radar reflector is required for the race ‡ For radar to work effectively.it makes a difference! SSS Transpac Electronics Seminar 1/12/00 Copyright © 2000 GoFast Marine GoFast Marine anna@gofastmarine. often go UNDETECTED on radar because of the weak radar returns they produce ‡ A cheap one is $20. ‡ Mount it properly at least 6¶ high and rigidly in the ³catch rain´ position . this is NOT the place to save $40!! Your life could depend on it.

com ‡ Reflectors ± Davis .davisnet.si-tex.http://www.http://www.com ± Si-Tex Marine Electronics .Radars & Deflectors ‡ Radars ± Furono .furuno.com ± Simrad/Robertson/Navico .simrad.http://www.http://www.com ± Raytheon .raymarine.com SSS Transpac Electronics Seminar 1/12/00 Copyright © 2000 GoFast Marine GoFast Marine anna@gofastmarine.http://www.com .

graphing & calibration ‡ Weather fax ‡ Radar plot ‡ Celestial sight reduction ± Davis PC Astro Navigator http://www.davisnet.com/marine/products/marine_prod uct.asp?pnum=030B ‡ Internet & email SSS Transpac Electronics Seminar 1/12/00 Copyright © 2000 GoFast Marine GoFast Marine anna@gofastmarine.com .Computers & S/W (& I/F to Instrumentation) ‡ Navigation tools ‡ Instrumentation display.

Dedicated Computers ‡ Ockam makes a small.com SSS Transpac Electronics Seminar 1/12/00 Copyright © 2000 GoFast Marine GoFast Marine anna@gofastmarine.http://www. hand-held weatherproof computer (Ockam ESP) that runs a special version of their software to be used on deck.com .oceanpc. PC¶s and displays . ‡ Ocean PC makes dedicated laptops.

nobeltec.http://www.diverse yacht services ± Ockam .att.http://www.http://www.com ± The Captain .com/ocksoft.htm ± KiwiTech .ockam.ockam.compusail@worldnet.thecapn.raymarine.kiwitech.com SSS Transpac Electronics Seminar 1/12/00 Copyright © 2000 GoFast Marine GoFast Marine anna@gofastmarine.com ± Nobeltec .Mfgrs: ± Tatician ± SailMath ± Deckman .net ± RayTech Navigator .http://www.http://www.com ± CompuSail .com ‡ Download a demo of OckamSoft3 from http://www.com .

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