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# GUIDELINES IN TEST

CONSTRUCTIONS

## Reported by: Caselyn Cammagay

13% of students who got low grades in
exams are caused by faulty test questions.
WORLDWATCH, The Philadelphia Trumpet (August 2005)
“The evaluation of pupils’
progress is a major aspect of
the teacher’s job.“
Evaluating Educational Outcomes
(Oriondo & Antonio)
Valid
Reliable
Easy to Score
Easy to Interpret
Economical
Objective type Essay type

Supply Test

## Completion Test Matching Exercises Response Extended

Alternative-Response
Items
(True or False)
Free Response Type or Supply Test
It requires student to supply or give the correct

Completion Short
Completion
Test

## Completion Test consists of an incomplete

statement that can also be answered by a
word, phrase, number or symbol.

Short

## Short Answer uses a direct question that

can be answered by a word, phrase,
number, or symbol.
Ex: How many inches are there in a foot?

___ inches
Suggestions for
Constructing
Free Response
Type or Supply Test
Poor:

## Andres Bonifacio was born in _____.

Word the item so that the required
answer is both brief and specific.

Better:

## Andres Bonifacio was born in the year _____.

Poor: Every atom has a central _______ called
a nucleus.

## Omit only significant words from the

statement.

Better:
Every atom has a central core called a(n)
__________.
Poor: John Glenn made his first orbital flight around the
Earth in _____.

## A direct question is generally more

desirable than an incomplete sentence.
Better:
When did John Glenn make his first orbital flight around the
Earth? _____

In what year did John Glenn make his first orbital flight
around the Earth? _____
If mangoes weigh 5 2/3 oz. each, how much will a
Poor: dozen mangoes weigh?
_____.

## If the answer is to be expressed in numerical

units, indicate the type of answer wanted.

Better:
If mangoes weigh 5 2/3 oz. each, how much will a dozen mangoes
weigh?
___lb. or ___oz.
● What form of energy is due to molecular motion?
Poor: _____
● What measures volume of liquids?
______________

length.

Better:

## ● What form of energy is due to molecular motion? _____

● What measures volume of liquids? _____
Poor: _____ animals that are born _____ and _____ their
young are called.

## When completion items are used, do not

include too many blanks.

Better:

Warm-blooded animals that are born alive and suckle their young
are called _____.
Poor: Most of the United States’ libraries are organized
according to the ____________ decimal system.

Better:

## Which organizational system is used by most of the

United States’ libraries? ____________.
Poor: Trees which shed their leaves annually are
____________.

Better:

## Trees which shed their leaves annually are called

____________.
Poor: A subatomic particle with a negative electric
charge is called an ____________.

response.

Better:

## A subatomic particle with a negative electric charge is

called a(n) ____________.
Poor: ____________ is the measure of central
tendency that is most affected by extremely high
or low scores.

## If possible, put the blank at the end of a

statement rather than at the beginning.

Better:
The measure of central tendency that is most affected
by extremely high or low scores is the ____________.

COMPLETION ITEMS
1. Is this the most appropriate type of item to use for /
the intended learning outcomes?
2. Can the items be answered with a number, symbol, /
word, or brief phrase?
3. Has textbook language been avoided? /
4. Have the items been stated so that only one /
response is correct?
5. Are the answer blanks equal in length? /
6. Are the answer blanks at the end of the items? /
7. Are the items free of clues (such as a or an) /