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BANDUNG METROPOLITAN AREA TRANSPORT MASTERPLAN

FINAL STEERING & STANDING
COMMITTEE
Ministry of
Transportation of
Indonesia

BANDUNG METROPOLITAN AREA TRANSPORT MASTERPLAN

THE NEW LEGAL FRAMEWORK IN INDONESIA

The new law 22/2009 about Traffic and Road Transport deals with:
• urban transport planning process
• obligation for cities over 500 000 inh. to establish a transport
masterplan
• role and tasks of subnational governments

According to the law, the masterplan must define:
• the level of public service
• a travel regulation system to ensure optimum management of space
and safety for users
• policies to restrict the use of private cars

Ministry of
Transportation of
Indonesia

BANDUNG METROPOLITAN AREA TRANSPORT MASTERPLAN

COOPERATION BETWEEN INDONESIA AND FRANCE
IN THE FIELD OF TRANSPORT

 Cooperation agreement signed by France, the Bappenas and the West
Java Province (24 February 1997).
 SNCF-I carried out the Surabaya Regional Rail Transport System study
delivered in 2007 to the Ministry of Transport, the Governor of East Java
Province and the Mayor of Surabaya.
 Indonesian authorities called again upon french expertise to set up the
Integrated Public Transportation for Bandung Metropolitan Area (BMA) to
benefit of DGLT with the funding from the French Government.
 SNCF-I signed a cooperation agreement with ITB to carry out the study

Ministry of
Transportation of
Indonesia

stations and bus terminals. BANDUNG METROPOLITAN AREA TRANSPORT MASTERPLAN OBJECTIVES OF THE MASTERPLAN  Formulate a set of detailed urban transport policies and strategies for the overall transportation system in BMA for the next decades.  Prepare action plan with prioritization for different transport modes as roads. Ministry of Transportation of Indonesia . feeder systems. railways.  Recommend suitable funding plans to implement priority action plans to enable also the private sector to participate in the transport infrastructure projects.

BANDUNG METROPOLITAN AREA TRANSPORT MASTERPLAN THE BANDUNG METROPOLITAN AREA SEVEN AREAS KABUPATEN BANDUNG BARAT FIVE POLITICAL 7 DISTRICTS ONE PROVINCE KOTA CIMAHI & BANDUNG 2B 1 BANDUNG & CIMAHI KAB. SUMEDANG 1 2 CICALENGKA & JATINANGOR 6 TANJUNGSARI 2A 3 MAJALAYA 4 BALEENDAH 5 SOREANG & KETAPANG 6 CILILIN 5 4 7 NGAMPRAH & LEMBANG 3 KABUPATEN BANDUNG Ministry of Transportation of Indonesia .

BANDUNG METROPOLITAN AREA TRANSPORT MASTERPLAN METHODOLOGY  A pragmatic approach based on the use of available data  Comparing the data with working assumptions : • Relations between housing areas and working places • Attractiveness according to the transport mode  Taking into account land-use planning and new infrastructure projects  Defining the level of acceptability of fares Ministry of Transportation of Indonesia .

local authorities. BANDUNG METROPOLITAN AREA TRANSPORT MASTERPLAN ACTION PLAN  Data collection provided by ITB. transport operators  Analysis of current situation and existing infrastructures  Current traffic flows and demand forecast  Choice of the most efficient modes of transportation according to traffic patterns  Definition of the urban and regional framework to ensure seamless transportation  Proposal of a transport authority including all public transportation stakeholders (« Forum » to govern and coordinate transport)  Analysis of social and financial viability Ministry of Transportation of Indonesia .

 Phase 2: developing the scenario selected. BANDUNG METROPOLITAN AREA TRANSPORT MASTERPLAN OPERATION PLAN The study has been carried out in 3 phases:  Phase 1: collecting data.  Phase 3: proposing the most appropriate structure with regard to institutional. financial and management aspects Ministry of Transportation of Indonesia . defining an urban framework. legal. studying feasibility and drawing up a forecast socio-economic balance sheet. analysing the regional land-use plan and evaluating demand.

BANDUNG METROPOLITAN AREA TRANSPORT MASTERPLAN EXISTING SITUATION PER DAY PASSENGERS MARKET SHARE PER MODE (MODAL SPLIT) TOTAL MOTORIZED TRAFFIC: 2.5 MILLION BUS/ RAIL  MASS TRANSPORT: 10% 10%  ALL OTHER MODES 90% PRIVATE CAR 24% ANGKOT 30% SEPEDA MOTOR 36% Ministry of Transportation of Indonesia .

BANDUNG METROPOLITAN AREA TRANSPORT MASTERPLAN SPATIAL PLANNING SPATIAL DEVELOPMENT PLAN (MINISTRY OF CIVIL WORKS) • REDUCING MOVEMENT THROUGH A BALANCE BETWEEN RESIDENTIAL AREAS AND ACTIVITY AREAS • IRRIGATE THE DEVELOPMENT AREAS BY AN EFFICIENT TRANSPORTATION NETWORK (EX. GEDEBAGE) Ministry of Transportation of Indonesia .

BANDUNG METROPOLITAN AREA TRANSPORT MASTERPLAN MAIN TRAFFIC FLOWS IN BMA Lembang Cities Traffic flow Padalarang Cimahi Jatinangor Gedebage Rancaekek Cicalengka Soreang Ciwidey Majalaya Ministry of Transportation of Indonesia .

BANDUNG METROPOLITAN AREA TRANSPORT MASTERPLAN HOW TO SET UP AN INTEGRATED PUBLIC TRANSPORT SYSTEM? GETTING EQUILIBRIUM BETWEEN FORECAST TRAFFIC DEMAND AND MODE OF TRANSPORT OFFER: Traffic forecast and evolution Main traffic flows: definition of corridors Traffic capacity: choice of modes Taking into account Land Use development and planned projects UNDER A DYNAMIC ORGANIZATION Ministry of Transportation of Indonesia .

BANDUNG METROPOLITAN AREA TRANSPORT MASTERPLAN SYSTEMS OF TRANSPORT: TRAFFIC CAPACITIES Ministry of Transportation of Indonesia .

BANDUNG METROPOLITAN AREA TRANSPORT MASTERPLAN AN EXTENSIVE NETWORK FOR BMA TRAMWAY CABLE CAR BUSWAY BUS TRUNK LINE BUS SECONDARY LINE Lembang COMMUTER RAILWAY Airport Padalarang STATION Cimahi BUS TERMINAL Jatinangor/ INTERMODAL HUB Tanjungsari Cililin Gedebage Rancaekek Cicalengka Soreang Ciwidey Majalaya Conservation area Ministry of Transportation of Indonesia .

BANDUNG METROPOLITAN AREA TRANSPORT MASTERPLAN Commuter rail: a mass rapid transit across BMA •Existing infrastructure •No need for land acquisition Ngamprah Padalarang •High capacity mode Lembang Cimahi Jatinangor Gedebage Rancaekek Cicalengka Soreang Ciwidey Majalaya Train Intermodal Station Bus Terminal Regional intermodal hubs Ministry of Transportation of Indonesia .

BANDUNG METROPOLITAN AREA TRANSPORT MASTERPLAN TRAMWAY TO SERVE THE CITY CENTER Serving ITB the mainITBtraffic generators JUANDA Excellent accessibility DAGO PLAZA A cost-effective solution MERDEKA STATION BALAI KOTA ST BANDUNG ASIA-AFRIKA PASIR KOJA BKR LW PANJANG LW PANJANG KOPO JAYA KOPO TOL KOPO Ministry of Transportation of Indonesia .

BANDUNG METROPOLITAN AREA TRANSPORT MASTERPLAN BUSWAYS TO SERVE THE RADIAL CORRIDORS Lembang ITB Cimindi Stasiun Bdg Cicaheum Elang Cikudapateuh Arcamanik Kiaracondon g Busway Intermodal Station Leuwi Existing Bus Terminal Panjang Gedebage Park & Ride Ministry of Transportation of Indonesia .

BANDUNG METROPOLITAN AREA TRANSPORT MASTERPLAN TAKING ADVANTAGE OF ROAD DEVELOPMENT PROJECTS  Extension of the elevated urban motorway from Pasteur to Cileunyi will divert road traffic and release space for a busway on this corridor  Connection of the new Gedebage district through an intermodal hub  The new Outer Ring Road from Soreang to Majalaya will allow the creation of a busway Ministry of Transportation of Indonesia .

BANDUNG METROPOLITAN AREA TRANSPORT MASTERPLAN A BUSWAY TO LINK THE SATELLITE CITIES OF SOUTHERN BMA Ministry of Transportation of Indonesia .

BANDUNG METROPOLITAN AREA TRANSPORT MASTERPLAN CABLE CAR appropriate to difficult topographical area •Easy to implement •Limited ground occupancy •Reduced travel time compared to ground transport •Phase 2: extension to Lembang Ministry of Transportation of Indonesia .

Each mass transportation line will be feeded by a number of Angkots. BANDUNG METROPOLITAN AREA TRANSPORT MASTERPLAN HOW TO INTEGRATE ANGKOT Angkots are currently doing the main work in the public transport in BMA. Feeder 1 Feeder 2 Feeder 3  Feeder 4 Feeder 5 Feeder 6 Ministry of = Trunk LineTransportation Stop of Indonesia .

BANDUNG METROPOLITAN AREA TRANSPORT MASTERPLAN BUS LINES ON MIXED-TRAFFIC LANES Lembang Ring line Bus trunk line Intermodal Station Bus Terminal Park & Ride ITB Cimindi Stasiun Bdg Cicaheum Elang Cikudapateuh Cibeureum Arcamanik Kiaracondon g Gedebage Leuwi Panjang Ministry of Transportation of Indonesia .

BANDUNG METROPOLITAN AREA TRANSPORT MASTERPLAN THE CONCEPT OF INTERMODALITY: SEAMLESS  EASIER ACCESS FROM ONE MODE TO THE OTHER  MORE RELIABLE TRAVEL CONDITION  MORE COMFORTABLE  ATTRACTIVE FARE WITH ONLY ONE TICKET Ministry of Transportation of Indonesia .

BANDUNG METROPOLITAN AREA TRANSPORT MASTERPLAN THE CONCEPT: TRAMWAY AND CABLE CAR AT THE STATION Ministry of Transportation of Indonesia .

PARKING RESTRICTIONS or HIGHER FARES IN THE CITY CENTER 4. BICYCLE PATHS 6. CAR POOLING 5. PROMOTION OF SOFT TRANSPORTATION MODES : PEDESTRIAN ZONES. STAGGERED WORKING HOURS Ministry of Transportation of Indonesia . BANDUNG METROPOLITAN AREA TRANSPORT MASTERPLAN TRANSPORT DEMAND MANAGEMENT 1. CREATION OF PARK & RIDE (P&R) FACILITIES 2. ROAD TRAFFIC MANAGEMENT 3.

BANDUNG METROPOLITAN AREA TRANSPORT MASTERPLAN TRANSPORTATION PLANNING PROCESS AND APPROACH Ministry of Transportation of Indonesia .

Transportation bridges and tunnels. tunnels. planning 3. some 1-10 2. Entire conurbation. parking. Management Ministry of Transportation of Indonesia . Investment. All public transport. highways. Entire conurbation.EMTU). Strategic Planning New York Metropolitan All public transport. motorized modes. Service. 1-9 9. (LEBCO). Entire 1-8 planning France (STIF) conurbation. motorized modes. System/corridor Paris Syndicat des Transports d’Ile de. 1-5 and operations planning Organisation. decision making for roads bridges. regulation. tunnels. highways. World Bank planning planning organisation. some 1-9 implementation (Empresa Metropolitan de bridges . Infrastructure project Sao Paulo Metropolitan Transport Agency All public transport. highways. 1-9 priority setting. Entire conurbation. paulo. investment. operations Transporte Urbanos de Sao Tunnels. New York management. BANDUNG METROPOLITAN AREA TRANSPORT MASTERPLAN METROPOLITAN TRANSPORT ORGANISATIONS & FUNCTIONS Cities Organisations Authority Functions 1.(Source: SamTransport Public Bangladesh Zimmerman Service. Financial planning 5. operating subsidies 6. Lebanon Lebanon County Metropolitan All public transport. Strategic service. non. Transport operation. operations policy Authority (MTA) State portion of Conurbation. 4. All public transport. enforcement 8. Daily Public roads bridges. 2007) 10. modes and 7. 7-9 management Metropolitan transportation All public transport. Long and short-term Singapore Land transport Authority. non. parking.

SUMEDANG BANDUNG METROPOLITAN AREA PUBLIC TRANSPORT LTD. BANDUNG CEO VCEO BMA (RAIL. TAXI) 6. CABLE CAR. BARAT ANGKOT.KAB.KOTA BANDUNG TRANSPORT 3.KOTA CIMAHI OPERATORS AT THE 4. BANDUNG METROPOLITAN AREA TRANSPORT MASTERPLAN ORGANISATION MODEL FOR PUBLIC TRANSPORT IN BMA GREATER BANDUNG METRO GREATER BANDUNG METRO OPERATING LEVEL PUBLIC TRANSPORT PUBLIC TRANSPORT ADMINISTRATION UNION OPERATORS ASSOCIATION POLITICAL LEVEL 1. BANDUNG BUSES.PROVINCE ALL PUBLIC 2.KAB. TRAMWAY 5.KAB. RECRUITED STAFF MANAGING LEVEL Ministry of Transportation of Indonesia .

identify problems and suggest solutions SECRETARIAT FORUM Ministry of Transportation of Indonesia . DAMRI. Provide information. Operating public transport ORGANDA) Dinas Perhubungan (Traffic) Manage transportation in the city Binamarga/ PU (Road) Road infrastructures improvement and construction within metropolitan area Academics (Professors) Professionals. Bupati2 & Kapolda) MEMBER/STAKEHOLDERS ROLES Technical planning committee (BAPEDDA) Provide Land use planning Transport Operators (PT KA. NGOs. BANDUNG METROPOLITAN AREA TRANSPORT MASTERPLAN FORUM . Consultants Citizens . Users. Walikota.BMA TRANSPORT AUTHORITY (Gubernur.

BANDUNG METROPOLITAN AREA TRANSPORT MASTERPLAN STRUCTURE OF THE TARIFF SYSTEM THE IDEA – THE TARGET: ONE FARE – ONE TICKET – ONE TIMETABLE UNLIMITED MOBILITY IN BMA Ministry of Transportation of Indonesia .

00 coefficient multiplier 5.00 1.00 - Speeder motor Angkot Private car Bus Rail Without project With project Ministry of Transportation of 30 Indonesia . BANDUNG METROPOLITAN AREA TRANSPORT MASTERPLAN TRAFFIC EVOLUTION Traffic evolution with & without the project from 2008 to 2034 8.00 2.00 4.00 6.00 7.00 3.

BANDUNG METROPOLITAN AREA TRANSPORT MASTERPLAN TRAFFIC EVOLUTION Public transport share in 2034 45% 40% 35% 30% 25% 20% 15% 10% 5% 0% Without project With project Ministry of Transportation of 31 Indonesia .

BANDUNG METROPOLITAN AREA TRANSPORT MASTERPLAN COST ESTIMATE AND SOCIO-ECONOMIC EVALUATION Designation Million Euros Urban transport 184 (Tramway.8% Busway.6% Rail transport 262 Intermodal hubs 73 TOTAL 519 Ministry of Transportation of Indonesia . IRR: 2. Cable car) SRR: 5.

BANDUNG METROPOLITAN AREA TRANSPORT MASTERPLAN FINANCING  SOFT LOANS FROM FOREIGN GOVERNMENT AGENCIES: France expressed interest in financing the Urban Railway  BANKS OF DEVELOPMENT AND OTHER FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS  PPP SCHEMES WITH VIABILITY GAP FUNDING (about 30% of infrastructure cost) Ministry of Transportation of Indonesia .

BANDUNG METROPOLITAN AREA TRANSPORT MASTERPLAN IMPLEMENTATION PROPOSAL 1st PHASE (within 2 or 3 years) BUSWAY BUS TRUNK LINE BUS SECONDARY LINE COMMUTER RAILWAY Padalarang STATION Cimahi BUS TERMINAL INTERMODAL HUB Jatinangor Gedebage Rancaekek Cicalengka Soreang Ciwidey Majalaya Upgrading the existing railway track Creating 25 km of busways Implementing the bus trunk lines Ministry of Transportation of Indonesia .

4 SETUP OF PARK & RIDE SYSTEM BMA 2. BANDUNG METROPOLITAN AREA TRANSPORT MASTERPLAN IMPLEMENTATION PHASING DEMAND MANAGEMENT POLICY 2010-2015 2015-2020 2020-2025 1 SPATIAL PLANNING 1.1 ROAD TRAFFIC MANAGEMENT BMA 2.2 SETUP OF PUBLIC TRANSPORT TARIFF SYSTEM: ONE FARE – ONE BMA TICKET Ministry of Transportation of Indonesia .2 RESCHEDULING OF PUBLIC BMA TRANSPORT OFFER 2. ORGANISATION BMA 2.5 TAXATION OF PRIVATE CARS BMA 3 FARE POLICY 3.1 INCREASE OF PARKING FARES IN KOTA BDG CITY CENTER 3. MONITORING BMA 2 TRAVEL DEMAND MANAGEMENT 2.

2 CONSTRUCTION: I/O RING ROAD CONNECTING ROADS CITY TOLL ROADS INTERMODAL HUBS TRAFFIC FLUIDITY IMPROVEMENT 1. … 2. LRT. MONORAIL.1 DESIGN STUDY OF BUSWAY. MRT.1 OPTIMIZATION OF ROAD NETWORK 1. BANDUNG METROPOLITAN AREA TRANSPORT MASTERPLAN IMPLEMENTATION PHASING: NEW TRANSPORT OFFER DESIGNATION 2010-2015 2015-2020 2020-2025 1 INFRASTRUCTURE DEVELOPMENT 1.2 CONSTRUCTION PHASE 1 2.3 CONSTRUCTION SUBSEQUENT PHASES 3 RESCHEDULING BUS AND ANGKOT SERVICES Ministry of Transportation of Indonesia .4 UPGRADATION OF PARKING AREAS 2 MASS TRANSPORTATION SYSTEMS 2.3 CONSTRUCTION OF FLY OVER/UNDER PASS TO REMOVE LEVEL CROSSINGS 1.

BANDUNG METROPOLITAN AREA TRANSPORT MASTERPLAN THE PAST AND THE FUTURE OF URBAN TRAFFIC … THIS WAY OR THAT WAY! Terima Kasih! Ministry of Transportation of Indonesia .