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Data Analysis

DHIS2 Regional Master TOT, Adama

November 20-24, 2017
Data Analysis: Definition Turning (raw) data into
Data Analysis …
• Analyzed data:
• Tells us what effects our service delivery has on the health status
of the population;
• Gives direction in decision making; and
• Shows patterns and trends.

• Note …
• Data use is the purpose of data collection
• Data use is not accidental, it is planned.
Data Analysis …
• Data Analysis in DHIS2 can be carried out using:
• Pivot Table
• Data Visualizer, and
1. Pivot Tables
1. Pivot Tables
• Pivot tables can be use to :
• Generate reports in tabular format
• Easily compare data based on different time and locations
• See the development of coverage
• And, more …
1. Pivot Tables … WHAT


1. Pivot Tables …
1. Pivot Tables …
• To analyze data using Pivot Table …
1. Go to the App and click on Pivot Table

2. Go to the top left and select the Data (DEs, indicators, dataset, etc.) for
analysis (Move your selection from Left to Right).
3. Go to the Period and select [relevant] fixed or relative period.
4. Select relevant organizational unit for the data analysis.
5. Click on the Layout at the top-middle of the presentation area, and decide
the way the data should be presented.
6. Click Update button. The table appears in the presentation area.
7. Save the Table to Favorites to facilitate reuse of the analyzed data.
1. Pivot Tables …

Table layout
1. Pivot Tables … Scorecards
• In public health settings such as Ministries of Health, scorecards offer
a useful and standardized method for combining related indicators
into one table.
• Scorecard gives an overall view of the performance of a health
program such as a vaccination program, highlighting successes,
weaknesses, and areas for improvement.
• We can set legend for Scorecard based on the intervals our program
has set.
• We can save the scorecard on the dashboard and use it offline.
• We can also share the scorecard with other DHIS2 users.
1. Pivot Tables … Scorecards …
Steps in Creating Scorecards
Pivot Tables …
• But … When do we use Pivot Tables for Analysis?
• In general, we use Pivot Tables …
• When we want to show more than two dimensions.
• When the data to be presented are complex with multiple
data elements/indicators/org units/periods.
• When we are interested in details.
2. Data Visualizer
2. Data Visualizer
• Supports dynamic and attractive analysis.
• Evaluates numeric forms into pictorial representation.
• DHIS2 currently supports nine types of charts:
• Column Chart
• Stacked Column Chart
• Bar Chart
• Stacked Bar Chart
• Line Chart
• Area Chart
• Pie Chart
• Radar Chart
• Speedometer Chart
2. Data Visualizer …
2. Data Visualizer …
• Data Visualizer has three dimensions:
• Series: A series is a set of continuous, elements which you want to
visualize in order to emphasize trends or relations in its data.
• Categories: A Category is a set of elements for which you want to
compare its data.
• Filter: Since most charts are two dimensional, a filter must be
used on the third dimension in order to use only a single element
for the chart to become meaningful.
2. Data Visualizer …
• Data Visualizer Chart Options:
• Show values: Shows the values above chart. the series in the chart.
• Hide Empty Category: Hides category items with no data from the chart.
• Show Trend Lines: Will visualize how your data evolves over time—example—
whether performance is improving or declining. It makes sense when periods are
selected as category.
• Target Line Value/Title: Displays a horizontal line at the given domain value. It is
useful, for example, when you want to compare your performance to the current
• Baseline Value/Title: Displays a horizontal line at the given domain value. Useful,
example, when you want to visualize how your performance has evolved since the
beginning of a process.
• Others: Include Sort Order, Aggregation Type, Range Axis Min/Max, Hide Chart Title,
Hide Chart Legend, etc.
2. Data Visualizer …
• When is Data visualizer Preferable?
• When the purpose is presenting the general performance trends in
an attractive way.
• When we want to present performance to audiences who are not
detail-oriented (example, top management).
• When the nature of the data we present is not complex.
• When the presentation time is limited and as such we should
focus only on core stuff.
3. GIS
3. GIS
3. GIS
• GIS = Geographic Information System.
• It serves the purpose of storage, analysis and presentation of spatial
• GIS is useful for:
• Mapping health facilities and other resources
• Accessibility, planning new health facilities, outreach (mobile) activities
• Complementing to charts & tables to better understand our data
• Presenting data–creating attractive outputs for decision-makers and to
highlight interventions
• Ideal for agencies, departments, organizations that don’t already use proper
• Map types supported by DHIS2:
• Thematic Map: Color-coded thematic map. It is focused on a
particular theme (data element or indicator).
• Boundary Map: Administrative boundaries without data. Such
maps show boundaries of areas (country, regions, zones, woredas,
• Facility Maps: maps with locations of all health facilities. Such
maps show facility classifications through symbols (icons).
• Combinations of any of the above.
Boundary Layer

Boundary + Thematic

Boundary + Thematic
+ Facility Layers
Thank You!!

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