AUDITING ISO 14001

Siarhei Darozhka Belarusan National Technical University, Minsk Lead Environmental Auditor
Borki-Molo, BUP EM Course Teachers Conference, 29.06.2006

ISO 14001 – Standard of the Environmental Management

Based on Deming's management cycle  Origin: British standard BS 7750  The international applied standard  ISO 14001 – only standard is audited  ISO 14001 development – versions1996/2004  Connected with other ISO 14000 group standards

Which issues must be audited?

All standard requirements (17 clauses) Scope of audit (site location and full/separate processes)

All types of organizations can be audited
Discussed issue: Integration with ISO 9001 and ISO 18001

Schedule of Auditing
Certification audit process: - the period of certificate validity - 3 years - surveillance audit must be done every year - corrective actions request - reporting (incl. non-conformances, opportunities for improvement, observation, repeat findings) Certification can be done by accredited body and must be registered (e.g. DAR, UKAS…)

Internal Audit
Required by ISO 14001:2004 standard (4.5.5)  Done by internal qualificated group or contractual organisation  Evaluation of compliance with legislation and standard requirements  Corrective actions requests  Reporting to top-management

Points to Pay Attention
 Compliance

with legislation (confirmation of legal status of activity – e.g. having positive conclusion of environmental expertise)  Confirmation of wide implementation of Pollution Prevention principle  Having real positive results from EMS – Continual Improvement

How to indicate improvement?

Environmental Performance Indicators (water, energy consumption, emissions to the air, discharged water conditions, etc.) IMPORTANT: Organisation must establish its own list of indicators and quantitive levels for them for demonstration compliance with improvement

Example: The Coca-Cola Environmental Key Performance Indicators (KPI’s)
Materials (sugar, metal, paper, cardboard, wood, ton/unit)  Energy – direct and indirect (electricity, fuel, natural gas, MJ/unit)  Water (used, recycled, liters/unit)  Emissions, effluents and waste  Compliance (incident and fines, cases)  Transport (fuel consumption, l/unit)

Example: The Coca- Cola KPI’s
RUB-EN-R-321.1 F 1

PLANT ENVIRONMENTAL REPORT
ЗАВОД:

ЭКОЛОГИЧЕСКИЕ ПОКАЗАТЕЛИ
ПОТРЕБЛЕНИЕ
1 ПОТ РЕБЛЕНИЕ ОБОРОТ НОЙ УПАКОВКИ Г/ ЛИТ Р НАПИТ КА 2 ПОТ РЕБЛЕНИЕ НЕОБОРОТ НОЙ УПА КОВКИ Г/ ЛИТ Р НАПИТ КА 3 ПОТ РЕБЛЕНИЕ ЭНЕРГИИ МДЖ/ ЛИТ Р НАПИТ КА 4 ПОТ РЕБЛЕНИЕ ВОДЫ Л/ ЛИТ Р НАПИТ КА

октябрь
0,0000 122,6122 1,244 4,6364

ноябрь
0,0000 83,5163 0,916 2,4143

декабрь 4 квартал ВСЕГО
0,0000 105,2151 0,486 1,4587 0,0000 102,2469 0,7 08 2,17 30 47 ,0 65,4 0,65 3,14

Целевой показатель
45 65 0,8 3

ОТХОДЫ, ИХ УТИЛИЗАЦИЯ И ВТОРИЧНОЕ ИСПОЛЬЗОВАНИЕ
5 ОБЩЕЕ КОЛИЧЕСТ ВО Т ВЕРДЫХ ОТ ХОДОВ Г/ ЛИТ Р НАПИТ КА 6 КОЛИЧЕСТ ВО УТ ИЛИЗОВАННЫХ Т ВЕРДЫХ ОТ ХОДОВ Г/ Л НАПИТ КА
38,5934 2,6664 23,157 3 2,3442 0,0000 10% 637 ,64 9,4815 0,57 06 0,0000 6% 111,14 17 ,2825 1,3338 0,0000 8% 47 8,48 14,93 1,7 2 0,0000 12% 600

15 1,5 0 10% 600

7 КОЛИЧЕСТ ВО ВТ ОРИЧНО ПЕРЕРАБАТ ЫВАЕМЫХ ОТ ХОДОВ Г/ Л НАПИТ КА 0,0000
7% 8 % УТ ИЛИЗОВАННЫХ И ВТ ОРИЧНО ИСПОЛЬЗУЕМЫХ ОТ ХОДОВ ОТ ОБЩЕГО КОЛ-ВА

9 КОЛИЧЕСТ ВО ОРГА НИКИ В СТ ОЧНЫХ ВОДАХ МГ/ ЛИТ Р НАПИТ КА

1 606,99

The Main Issues During Auditing Process
       

Environmental Policy Compliance with legislation (Laws) and evaluation of compliance (incl. own requirements) Correct recognizing of environmental aspects and its significance Establishing objectives, targets and environmental programmes based on significant aspects EMS documentation, work documentation, operational procedures Emergency situations preparedness Internal audit, preventive and corrective actions Management review

Some auditing methods
 

 

 

Plant tour Observation and evaluation of existing environmental performance Interviewing (studying of practice and mindset) Documentation revision (clarifying of common understanding of procedures) Job records Questionnaires, matrix

Example: Coca-Cola Bottlers audit questionnaire
TCCQS Ev 3 - The Environmental Management System Requirements – Global Audit Program

3.2 Management Responsibility
REQUIREMENTS 3.2.1 Environmental Policy Top management has issued an Environmental Policy, mission statement or other written expression of management commitment to preserve and protect the environment. When establishing the Policy Statement, top management has ensured it: a) Is appropriate to the nature, scale and environmental impacts of its activities, products or services; b) Includes a commitment to continual improvement, effectively utilizing resources and preventing pollution; c) Includes a commitment to comply with relevant legislation and regulations, and with other requirements to which the organization subscribes; d) Provides a framework for establishing and reviewing key environmental objectives and targets; e) Is documented, implemented, maintained, communicated and understood within the organization; f) Is available to persons working on behalf of the organization, the public and other interested parties.. 3.2.2 Environmental Management Programs Top management has established, implements and maintains programs for achieving its objectives and targets. Those programs include: a) Designation of responsibility for achieving objectives and targets at each relevant function and level of the organization; b) The means and timeframe by which they are to be achieved. If a project relates to new developments and new or modified activities, products or services, program(s) are amended where relevant to ensure that environmental management applies to such projects; c) Periodic reviews of the program performance; d) Mechanisms to encourage and support opportunities for associate participation in the development, implementation and improvement of the environmental programs. Employees understand and incorporate applicable programs into daily work practices. OK NOK COMMENTS

Some requirements for Auditors

 

Audits must be done by qualificated group of auditors (in the field of audit) Professionally (knowledge and skills in the branch) Correctly (auditor – auditee relations) Ability to achieve the aims of audit

Remember: Our students are going to get both position – as auditor or as auditee

Thank you for attention!

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