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‡ HRM= People Dimension in Management
‡ HRM has 4 steps: ATMM (Acquisition,
Training and Development, Motivation &
Maintenance )
‡ Getting and Keeping good people is critical
to the success of every organization whether
it be public or private
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‡ Human Resource Planning is the process by which an
organization ensures that it has the right number and kind of
people, at the right places, at the right time, capable of effectively
and efficiently completing those tasks that will help the
organization achieve its overall objectives.
( Source: Decenzo and Robbins 2000,   1p 
 ))
‡ HR/ Manpower Planning is the process of acquiring and
utilizing human resources in the organization. It ensures that the
organization has the right number of employees in the right place
at the right time.
( Source: Adhikari, Dev Raj, 2001,p 
  )
‡Employment planning is the process of formulating plans to fill
future openings based on an analysis of the positions that are
exppected to be opeb and whether these will be filled by inside or
outside candidates. ( Source: Dessler, G. 2000,p 
  )
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‡Women Participation
(Example: In U.S. 45.5% in 1979, 47.7% in 2005)
‡Racial Composition
( Example: Inclusion of different race and communal group)
‡Portion of Ageing work force
( Example: retirement age, average life expectancy etc.)
‡Technological Change
( Example:
‡Stenograph, Teletype, Fax, Email, Tele-seminar etc.)
‡Attraction to White Collar and professional jobs
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‡Production globalization
(Example: same product from different countries, production of
different accessories-parts in different countries)
‡International competition of market
( Example: automobile, electronics, knowledge industries etc.)
‡Manufacturing plant in different countries
( Example: Sony in Malaysia, )
‡Job sifting from one place to another
( Example: Tendency to use cheaper workforce, e. g. garments)
‡High performance work system
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‡Changing legal provisions such as equal
opportunity laws are being passed which
bars discrimination on the basis of age, sex,
race, religion, disability, national origin etc.
‡Health and occupational safety rules are
also affect HRM.
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