You are on page 1of 24

GSM WIRELESS NETWORK

PLANNING METHOD
CONTENT OF NETWORK PLANNING

Analysis of the operator’s Analysis of the operator’s


status developing environment

The stratagem of
the operator’s The goal of the operator’s development
development

Market planning Network planning Finance planning

Transmission Wireless network Core network


system planning planning planning

Network construction project

2
WIRELESS NETWORK PLANNING

Wireless network planning

Wireless network planning target

Coverage Capacity
Cost target
target target

The number of The number of Erland


Link budget base stations base stations capacity of a
Q1 Q2 single cell

Parameters of base stations

Investment

3
CONTENT OF PLANNING GSM WIRELESS NETWORK

 COVERAGE
 TARGET:Coverage probability(populace、geography)
 RESULT:The number of the stations Q1 、Information of
the base stations.(location、altitude、power and antenna
bearing)

 CAPACITY
 TARGET:The number of the subscribers、GOS
 RESULT:The number of the base stations Q2、
Configurations of the channels.

4
GSM WIRELESS NETWORK PLAN_coverage

 Area class
 Urban;
 Suburban;
 Village;
 Open area ;
 Indoor;
 Propagation model emendation
 Link budget
 Radio coverage of a single cell

5
GSM WIRELESS NETWORK PLAN

PLANNING FLOW

Subscriber busy hour


Subscribers prediction
traffic

Overall traffic The ratio of traffics in


prediction the every regions

Analyse of the Configuration of the


The traffics in the every
traffic density in existing wireless
region
the special areas network

The plan of the bi- The dimension of the


frequency wireless planned wireless
network network

6
GSM WIRELESS NETWORK PLAN

The considered factors to make certain one


subscriber busy hour traffic:
Increase trends in system busy hour traffic ,one subscriber’s busy hour traffic and the
relationship between subscriber increase and traffic increase within a year;
Traffic inrease brought by feast day,price policy and data services.

Busy hour traffic of Unstable stability Fluctuation of the Analysis of the


one mobile phone of the system busy system busy hour operator future policy
hour traffic traffic

Busy hour traffic of one


subscriber

7
GSM WIRELESS NETWORK PLAN_capacity

 target:the number of base stations、channels configuration.


 process:
 Firstly, getting the total traffics by the predicted subscribers;
 secondly, analysing the total traffics into every regions;
 thirdly,getting the number of the base stations and the configuration of
the channels.

8
SUBSCRIBER PREDICTION
Method of Increaeing
普及率法预测
Method of Popularization
Ratio in Anticipating
增速法预测市
Rate in Market
Market市场容量
Capability 场容量
Capability Forecast 业务拓展
多种市场
Compare 自
Actuality of Market
市场容量现状 能力、网
Anticipating in Capability 占有率
Method in
络支撑能
Diversified

From

Population Amount Anticipating
市场容量增长 in 方法比
力比较分Market
up
Rising Rate of
Market速度预测
Capability 选析Occupancy 下
To
Anticipating in Anticipating 式
down
普及率预测 Anticipating
增量市 存量市
Popularization Ratio in Increment
场预测 场预测 in Reserves 预
Market Market 测

Anticipating in Anticipating in
市场容量预测
Market Capability 市场占有率确定
Market Occupancy

Result of services
业务量预测数
prediction

Apply Stat. Software, Draft


运用统计软件,拟合时间
Sequence Curve of Time, Carry
序列曲线,进行趋势外推
Through Current Extrapolate 自

From

down

To
Construct Time Sequence
构建业务量时间序列
of Portfolio 式
up


实际业务发展统计
Statistics of Actual Inquisitional Result in
Services Development
数据
Services Development 划数调查结果
Programming

9
SERVICE PREDICTION(from up to down)

Prediction method
Prediction Prediction Prediction
procedure description method

Population  resident
人 人 prediction
人人  Time sequence method

The whole mobile phone 


Simple curve fit method

market,including all the Popularization rate method
All mobile users operators in the region
人 人人人 Increase rate method

prediction in 人
the人region
人人人
Analogy method

Relay analysis method

Indicating the operator’s  Origin of increment and
Market occupancy rate deposit prediction method
subscribers proportion in Analogy method

人 人prediction
人人人人人 the whole market
Market orientation method

 Making certain three prediction  Getting the number of the


Subscribers
人 人 人 人prediction
人人人人 result:high,middle,low. operator’s subscribers,by
of the operator the market occupancy and
 Analysis of the preconditions all mobile users prediction
of three predictions
 Taking the factors into
Analysing the total
account,such as the number
Subscribers
人人人人 prediction
人人人人 in  subscribers of the operator
into every regions. of the people,economics,etc.
every region

10
SERVICE PREDICTION(from down to up)

Here the subscribers predicted respectively by the way of simple curve fit
method、popularization rate method-saturation rate method、relay analysis
prediction、analogy method.

(ten thousand)
450.00
400.00
350.00
300.00
250.00
200.00
150.00
(ten thousand)
100.00
50.00
0.00
2004年 2005年 2006年 2007年

conic fit prediction Cubic curve fit prediction Saturation rate method (60%)
Saturation rate method (55%) Saturation rate method (50%) Analogy method
relay analysis method

11
GSM WIRELESS NETWORK PLAN_capacity

 Analysing the total traffics into every regions.


 1、based on proportion of the traffics in existing network of every
region ;
 2、statistics of relative increase rate in every region.
 3、result:proportion of traffics in network of every region in the
plan period.

12
GSM WIRELESS NETWORK PLAN_capacity

 Analysis of feast traffics


• purpose:analysis of the peak traffics in every region to reserve some
redundant capacity for the peak traffic.
• process:
– 1、comparing the feasts peak traffics with the weekday peak traffics
– 2、ensuring the plan traffics to meet the most busy hour traffics of the plan
period.

13
GSM WIRELESS NETWORK PLAN_capacity

Analysis of traffic density

Space between the base The wireless network in


stations in the maximum the area could provide
traffic density area. the maximum traffic in
the end of the plan
period
GSM900/GSM1800bi-
frequency wireless
network plan
The traffic density and The maximum
traffic development in the traffic density in the
maximum traffic density end of the plan
area. period.

14
GSM WIRELESS NETWORK PLAN_capacity

 Traffics Analysis of the maximum traffic density area.


• target:to determine whether to introduce GSM1800 system
• process:
– 1、according to traffics statistics of about 3km2 area,to get the increase
trends of the traffic density in the area and the prediction on traffics density
in the area within 3 years.
– 2、according to Statistics of the base stations in the area,to get the
average distance of the base stations;
– 3、according to the bearable traffic density of the different wireless
network,to determine whether to introduce the bi-frequency network.

15
GSM WIRELESS NETWORK PLAN_capacity

GSM wireless network construction


The dimension of the planned
Request of the GSM wireless network
wireless network
Subscriber prediction;
The number of base stations in
Subscriber traffics prediction; every regions;
The number of the frequencies
CONFIGURATION OF THE EXISTING in every regions;
WIRELESS NETWORK
The number of the base
The configurations of the base stations and stations for coverage in every
the channels in every regions; regions;
The ratio of the base stations for coverage The number of the frequencies
in every regions; for coverage in every regions.
The principle of GPRS dedicated PDCH
configuration
The ration of half-rate traffics.
16
GSM WIRELESS NETWORK PLAN_capacity

 Target:transfering traffic into channels。


 procedure:
• 1、statistics of the cell parameters in every region,including the number
of the base stations ,cells,channels etc.;
• 2、to make sure the traffic of one channel in every region by looking up
reference form;
• 3、Dividing the traffics of the every region,educe the number of the
voice channels。

17
GSM WIRELESS NETWORK PLAN_capacity

 purpose:transfering channels into carriers and base


stations.
 process:
• 1、Considering the influence of BCCH/SDCCH,and GPRS dedicated
PDCH;
• 2、 With the number of carriers in a cell of existing networks for a
reference, transfer voice channels into carriers.
• 3、the total channels is divided by the number of channels per site in
every region to get the number of the sites.
• 4、compared with the number of the existing base stations,to estimate
whether the network arrive at the coverage target .

18
GSM WIRELESS NETWORK PLAN_optimization

 target:
 Enhance use efficiency of network resource and improve
network quality of service.
 Resolve problem of the network coverage and the traffic
imbalance.
 Wireless network optimization:
 Optimizing base stations location
 Adjusting sites type
 Adjusting antennas
 Adjusting carriers to balance the assigned traffic

19
GSM WIRELESS NETWORK PLAN_items

GSM network
dimension

Subsidiary equipment Main equipment of GSM wireless


of GSM wireless GSM wireless network
network network optimization

Power supply,iron
Road coverage,indoor
tower,air TRU,frameworks
coverage,etc.
condition,etc.

20
GPRS wireless network plan

Configuration of Throughout of
the existing GPRS system
wireless network RPP
configuration
principle

Throughout
of one PDCH
RPP demand GPRS wireless
in the plan network
Throughout period dimension
The GPRS
of one
statistics
PDCH

Ability of
one RPP

21
Short message center plan

 Plan method

Short message
model in the plan
period
Analysis of Demand of Dimension of
subscriber SMC BHSM SMC BHSM
behavior by
SM statistics Concentration
coefficients of busy hour
and busy day

Gross short
messages

22
Finance plan
Plan method

Finance plan

Unit price,ARPU Incoming


Market prediction
prediction prediction
Management performance

Analysis of the cost Cost budget


status

Analysis of investment and


Annual investments incomings
of the every The total investment
speciality network.

23
THANK YOU !