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ACTIVE AND PASSIVE VOICE

Created By :

Dian Tini SEMESTER 2


Heni Fitriani AKUNTANSI NON REGULER
Meilisa Putri
Putri Dwi Lestari
Winda Dwi Purwanti
ACTIVE VOICE

Active Voice (Kalimat Aktif) adalah kalimat


dimana subjek melakukan suatu aksi atau
tindakan.

Dalam Bahasa Indonesia Ciri kalimat aktif


ini adalah kata kerjanya selalu berawalan
“Me-” dan beberapa lagi berawalan “Ber-”
PASSIVE VOICE
Passive Voice (Kalimat Pasif) adalah kalimat
dimana subjek dalam kalimat dikenai aksi
atau tindakan.

Dalam Bahasa Indonesia , kalimat pasif


biasanya ditandai dengan awalan “Di-” atau
“Ter-” pada kata kerjanya.
POLA ACTIVE VOICE

Subject + Verb + Object


POLA PASSIVE VOICE

S + To be + past
participle + (by agent)

*by agent : pelaku dari tindakan


CIRI ACTIVE VOICE
 Pada kalimat aktif subjek melakukan suatu
tindakan yang langsung mengenai objeknya.
 Kalimat Aktif memiliki pola S-P-O-K atau S-P-
K Predikat kalimat aktif selalu diawali dengan
imbuhan Me- atau Ber–
 kalimat aktif memerlukan objek, Setelah
mendapat predikat subjek ditambah pelengkap
atau keterangan.
CIRI PASSIVE VOICE
 to be + V3 dan kata by (kata ini bukan
merupakan syarat yang harus ada dalam kalimat
pasif )
 Yang dapat dijadikan kalimat passive adalah
Verbal Sentence (kalimat yang predikatnya kata
kerja/V)
 Verbal sentence yang dapat dirubah ke Passive
Voice (kalimat pasif) adalah kalimat yang
memiliki objek penderita.
CONTOH KALIMAT
1. SIMPLE PRESENT TENSE
ACTIVE VOICE

He meets them everyday.

PASSIVE VOICE

They are met by him everyday


CONTOH KALIMAT
2. PRESENT CONTINUOUS
TENSE
ACTIVE VOICE

He is meeting them now.

PASSIVE VOICE

They are being met by him now.


CONTOH KALIMAT
3. PRESENT PERFECT TENSE
ACTIVE VOICE

He has met them

PASSIVE VOICE

They have been met by him


CONTOH KALIMAT
4. PRESENT PERFECT
CONTINUOUS TENSE
ACTIVE VOICE

He has been meeting them.

PASSIVE VOICE

They have been being met by him.


CONTOH KALIMAT
5. SIMPLE PAST TENSE
ACTIVE VOICE

He met them yesterday

PASSIVE VOICE

They were met by him yesterday


CONTOH KALIMAT
6. PAST CONTINUOUS TENSE

ACTIVE VOICE

He was meeting them.

PASSIVE VOICE

They were being met by him.


CONTOH KALIMAT
7. PAST PERFECT TENSE
ACTIVE VOICE

He had met them before I came

PASSIVE VOICE

They had been met by him before I came.


CONTOH KALIMAT
8. PAST PERFECT CONTINUOUS TENSE

ACTIVE VOICE

He had been meeting them.

PASSIVE VOICE

They had been being met by him.


CONTOH KALIMAT
9. SIMPLE FUTURE TENSE
ACTIVE VOICE

He will meet them tomorrow.

PASSIVE VOICE

They will be met by him tomorrow.


CONTOH KALIMAT
10. FUTURE CONTINUOUS
TENSE
ACTIVE VOICE

He will be meeting them.

PASSIVE VOICE

They will be being met by him.


CONTOH KALIMAT
11. FUTURE PERFECT TENSE
ACTIVE VOICE

He will have met them before I get there


tomorrow.

PASSIVE VOICE

They will have been met by him


before I get there tomorrow.
CONTOH KALIMAT
12. FUTURE PERFECT CONTINUOUS
TENSE

ACTIVE VOICE

He will have been meeting them.

PASSIVE VOICE

They will have been being met by him.


CONTOH KALIMAT
13.PAST FUTURE CONTINUOUS TENSE

ACTIVE VOICE

He would be meeting them.

PASSIVE VOICE

They would be being met by him.


CONTOH KALIMAT
14. PAST FUTURE PERFECT
TENSE
ACTIVE VOICE

He would have met them.

PASSIVE VOICE

They would have been met by him.


CONTOH KALIMAT
15. PAST FUTURE PERFECT
CONTINUOUS TENSE
ACTIVE VOICE

He would be meeting them.

PASSIVE VOICE

They would be being met by him.