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# Agenda

 Introduction to Reliability
 Asset Management
 System Reliability
 Equate Terms
 Failure
 Pareto Principle
Introduction to Reliability

Reliability:
The probability that an item can
perform its intended function for a
specific interval under stated
conditions.
Introduction to Reliability
History:
 1930’s electrical circuits
 1940’s electronic vacuum tubes
 1950’s computers, Nuclear Reactors,
Aircrafts.
 1960’s guided missiles
 1970’s consumer goods
 1980’s oil patch
 1990’s petrochemical, continues process and
Asset Management

##  The process of minimizing downtime,

maintenance requirements, operating
cost, material cost, and maximizing
plant efficiency, product throughput,
while maintaining system effectiveness
and plant integrity.
Asset Management Model

Reliability
Decision

Reliability

##  Reliability is the probability that an item will

perform its intended function for a specified
interval under stated conditions.

 R(t) = e-λt

Maintainability

##  The measure of the ability of an item

to be retained in or restored to
specified conditions when
maintenance is performed
Availability

##  The total time a system is in an operative

state. The total time in the operative state
(Uptime) is the sum of the time spent in
active use.

## Downtime consists of active repair time,

time and logistics time.
Operability

##  Operating business rules, inventory

management, raw material
constraints, product sales constraints,
etc.
Deliverability

product.

Throughput
Cost

##  The financial resources required to

produce a product.
Economics

##  Key performance indicators set by

company or business. (e.g. NPV, ROI,
etc.)
Asset Management Model

Reliability
Decision

## Maintainability Operability Cost

System Reliability
 Series System – multiple components, failure of 1
component results in system failure

System A
System Reliability
 Series System – reliability is the product of the
component reliabilities

System A

## 0.95 0.90 0.80

Rs = R1 * R2 * R3 = (.95)(.90)(.80) = 68.4%
System Reliability
 Parallel System offers a higher level of system
reliability but at a penalty of cost (capital and
maintenance)

System B
System Reliability
 Parallel System – reliability is the sum of the
component reliabilities minus the product of the
reliabilities. Rs = R1 + R2 – (R1)(R2)

##  Or 2R – R2 when redundant items have the same

reliability. In this case Rs = .8 + .8 - .64 = .96

System B
0.80

0.80
System Reliability

##  Parallel System – General Solution

n

 Rsn(t) = (e-λt)Σ(λt)i/i!
i=0

System B
1

n
Equate Terms

##  MAC: Maximum Asset Capability

 AMR: Asset Mechanical Reliability
 AC: Asset Capability
 AU: Asset Utilization
 Insert amr diagram
Failure

##  MTTF: Mean Time To Failure

 MTBF: Mean Time Before (or Between)
Failure
 MTTR: Mean Time To Repair
MTTF
MTBF MTTR
1

0
Failure Distributions

 Constant
 Never
 Normal Distribution (Bell curve)
 Log-Normal Distribution
 Weibull Distribution
Normal Distribution
f(t)

t
Log-Normal Distribution
f(t)

t
Weibull Distribution
Failure Rate

Time
Pareto Principle

##  80% of the effects come from 20% of

the causes
 Problems are tackled by using Pareto
Principle
 Top 10 problems are solved in each
unit