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Gerunds

Verbs + ing
Gerunds can be used in
the following cases
As the subject of a sentence

• Smoking in bad for your health.


• We all enjoy eating out.
As an object of certain verbs and
expressions.

• That car isn’t worth buying.


After prepositions

• He is interested in collecting
stamps.
• I’m tired of waiting for him.
Gerunds
• Gerunds are formed with ING:
– walking, talking, thinking, listening
• A gerund is a noun made from a verb by
adding "-ing."
• The gerund form of the verb "read" is
"reading." You can use a gerund as the
subject, the complement, or the object of a
sentence.
Examples

– Reading helps you learn English.


subject of sentence
– Her favorite hobby is reading.
noun
– I enjoy reading.
object of sentence
List of Verbs
Followed by Gerunds

• http://www.englishpage.com/gerunds/geru
nd_list.htm
Verbs Followed by Gerunds

• avoid • practice
• deny • remember
• dislike • risk
• enjoy • stop
• finish • suggest
• keep
• miss
Gerunds are used after prepositions.

• Most commonly, these are "verb +


preposition + V-ing.

He can’t talk about her without crying.


Thanks for helping me.
Let’s thing about moving to Kfar Saba.
She prefers driving to taking the bus.
A Gerund is used after these
propositions
• in • from
• without • by
• for • after
• of • before
• on • about
• against • at
• to
A Gerund is used after these
common expressions
• Be used to • Give up
• Can’t help • It’s no use
• Can’t stand • It’s (not) worthwhile
• End up • Keep on
• Feel like • Look forward to
• Get used to • Not mind
Examples
• My sister and I are used to staying alone
at night.
• We are looking forward to having you
stay for the summer.
• I don’t feel like staying. Let’s go out.
• Harry can’t stand arguing with his parents
all the time.
Gerunds Tutorial
• Gerunds and Infinitives 1
• http://esl.fis.edu/grammar/q7g/geru1.htm
• http://esl.fis.edu/grammar/q7g/geru2.htm
• http://esl.fis.edu/grammar/q7g/geru3.htm