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**PVT analysis ± PVT relationship
**

Gas scf Oil condition p undergroun d condition p complex (because of bubble po int) p simple

**Three main oil PVT parameters
**

The

three main parameters required to relate surface to reservoir volumes for an oil reservoir: - Rs: The solution (or dissolved) gas-oil ratio - Bo: The oil formation volume factor - Bg: The gas formation volume factor

Definition of the basic oil PVT parameters .Bo: The oil formation volume factor [ ] R (oil dissolved gas ) S oil at reservoir P&T .Bg: The gas formation volume factor B free gas [!] SCF gas Note : Standard Condition T ! 60r F p ! 14.7 psia s s . Bo . T ) For T = const. B g ! f ( P ) . B g ! f ( P .Rs: The solution (or dissolved) gas-oil ratio [!] SCF gas STB oil at reservoir P&T . . Bo .

Determination and Conversion of PVT Data Determination of three main oil PVT parameters(RS. Bo. Bg) -> PVT = f (P only) by routine laboratory analysis Conversion of PVT data.depend up as the manner of surface separation of the gas and oil . as presented by the laboratory. to the form required in the field.an absolute set of measurements Field . Laboratory .

PVT relation pV ! nz T E ! 35. >Relationship between surface and reservoir hydrocarbon volumes.37 p [ !] scf rcf zT -. . PVT relation > Complex. PVT parameters must be measured by laboratory analysis of crude oil samples.The complexity of Oil PVT For gas.Simple relation For oil.

The complexity in relating surface volumes of hydrocarbon production to their equivalent volumes in the reservoir can be appreciated by considering the following figures: The complexity of Oil PVT Undersaturated oil saturated oil gas saturated oil + free gas (or liberated solution gas) They are traveling in reservoir at different velocity .

plus its originally dissolved gas. .How to divide the observed surface gas production into liberated and dissolved gas volumes in the reservoir? Control in relating surface volumes of production to underground withdrawal is gained by knowing the three oil PVT parameters which can be measured by laboratory experiments performed on samples of the reservoir oil.

Oil Reservoir & Surface Volume ± Above Bubble Point Undersaturated oil .

Oil Reservoir & Surface Volume ± Below Bubble Point Saturated oil gas saturated oil + free gas (or liberated solution gas) They are traveling in reservoir at different velocity .

The instantaneous gas-oil ratio or producing gas-oil ratio R(S S ) the instantaneous gas-oil ratio or producing gas-oil ratio (Underground withdrawal ) S o ( R Rs ) v g (R S ) .

Bo as Function of Pressure .

Rs as Function of Pressure .

Bg and E as Function of Pressure .

Producing Gas-oil Ratio (R) as Function of Pressure .

r g ! 0.1 .51) or table 2.65) (3) Pressure gradient of oil =? if V o ! 52. p ! 2400 psia . 2.125 MMscf/D and PVT data in fig.Exercise 2.8 lbm / ft 3( at s.5(a)~(c) (p. qg=2.Underground withdrawal Given: qo ! x (S q g ! y (S D ) ) D measured at t during the producing life Calculate: [in _( RB )] ! ? D (1) Underground withdrawal rate expressed in terms of x & y (2) Underground withdrawal rate [in _( R D)] ! ? if pres = 2400 psia .4 (P.67 ( air ! 1). qo =2500 STB/D .c).

(1) R = y/x = qg/qo [=] SCF/STB p is known Bo . Rs . Bg Underground withdrawal q o ! x( STB ) Bo ( RB ) ! x Bo ( RB ) D STB D y q g ! x( STB ) ( Rs )( SCF ) B g ( RB ) D x STB SCF y ! x( Rs ) B g ( RB ) D x y q t ! q o q g ! x Bo x ( R s ) B g x .

y = qg = 2. 0012 ! 1494 RB D 2500 q o ! 2500 v 1 . 125 v 10 6 ! 2500 v ( 352 ) v 0 .1822RB/STB Rs = 352 SCF/STB Bg = 0.0012 RB/SCF x = qo = 2500 STB/D. 1822 ! 2955 .5 R D . P = 2400 psia from table 2.4 Bo =1. 5 R qg q t ! q o q g ! 2955.125 MMSCF/D D 2 .5 1494 ! 4449.

applying mass balance. such as Mass of Bo RB of oil + dissolved gas in the reservoir condition Mass of 1 STB of oil + = Rs scf dissolved gas at standard condition .(3) d dD ! V o g To find V o .

37 lbm / ft 3 5.1822 .615 S 1 S o ] V gsc ( lbm S )[ Rs S S v1 ( S )] lbm ( 3 ) v1 ( S ft )v R 5.615 o ! 5.615 o 5.67 v 0.615Vosc Rs [rg v 0.0763] 5.615 Vosc Rs V gsc ! 5.61458 ft 3 ( )v S 1 R 5.8 352[0.615 v1.615Vosc Rs V gsc 5.615 v 52.615 o Vor Vor ! 5.[ Vosc ( ! Vor lbm ) v1 ( S S ) 5.0763] ! ! 47.

37 lbf 1 ! 47.37v slug v ft ! Vor g ! (47.329 psi/ ft lbf .37 3 ! 2 ft 144 in 144 in2 ft ! 0.37 3 v ) v (32.2 lbm ft3 s2 dD 1 ft2 47.2 2 s ft 32. lbm 1 slug d ft ) ! 47.

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