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Scale

Drawings
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I CAN…
Find missing
measurements
using scale
drawings. 2
Vocabulary

 Scale drawing—A drawing that is


similar but either larger or smaller than
the actual object.

 Scale—On a map, intervals used


representing the ratio of distance on the
map to the actual distance.

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Scale Drawing  The distance on the
map between Coral
Springs and Fort
Lauderdale is about
4.1 cm.
 We can use
proportions to
calculate the actual
distance between the
two locations.
Map 1 cm = 4.1 cm
Actual 4.5 km d
Cross Multiply, then solve.
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d = 18.5 km
 On the map, the
distance
between
Portland and
Olympia is
about 1 7/8
inches.
 What is the
actual distance?
 Remember:
map
actual

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If the scale on a map of Kentucky reads 1
inch = 4.2 miles, and the distance between
Somerset and Middlesboro on the map
measures 13.5 inches, how many actual
miles apart are they?

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Vocabulary

 Scale factor—A scale written as a ratio


in simplest form.

 Scale model—A model used to


represent something that is too large or
too small for an actual size model.

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Find the Scale Factor

1. Find the scale factor of a blueprint if the


scale is 1 inch = 8 feet.

2. On a scale drawing of a new classroom,


the scale is 1 cm = 2.5 m. What is the
scale factor?

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 Designers are creating a larger
model of the computer memory
board to use in design work. If
they use a scale of 20 inches = 1
inch, what is the length of the
model?

Scale: Length of Model:


Model = model
actual actual

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Map Activity

 Using the map of North America, pick a


vacation destination that you would like
to visit.
 Next, using a ruler, measure the distance
in centimeters between Nashville (that is
the nearest airport) and your destination.
 Now you are going to calculate the actual
distance between the two locations.
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Assignment
 Using grid paper, make a scale drawing
of your ideal bedroom (imagine that you
have won an extreme makeover contest).
 Be sure to use a ruler! You should also
draw furniture that is rectangular in shape
in your room.
 Come up with a scale for your drawing.
 Using your scale, calculate the actual
dimensions of your room (length, width). 11
 Lastly, you are going to write 3-5 quiz
questions regarding your scale drawing.
 Examples:
1. If the scale of my drawing is
1 cm = 4.5m, what is the scale factor?
 Tomorrow you will exchange scale
drawings and questions with a
classmate to test your knowledge!
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Find the actual distance between each
pair of cities. Round to the nearest tenth
if necessary.
Cities Map Scale Cities Map Scale
Distance Distance

Kokomo, 8 cm 1 cm = 25 Mobile and 14.5 in 1 in = 20 mi


Indiana and km Huntsville,
Chicago, Alabama
Illinois
Raleigh and 3.25 in 1 in = 40 mi Knoxville, 19.28 cm 2 cm = 125
Charlotte, Tennessee km
North and
Carolina Choctaw,
Oklahoma
Virginia 8.5 cm 1 cm = 30
Beach, km Quebec, 4.625 in .5 in = 355
Virginia and Canada and mi
Washington, Paris,
D.C. France
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