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# CONTENTS

## • Introduction to Hyper loop

• History
• The Concept
• Components
• Working
• Why we Need the Hyperloop
• Benefits
• Limitations
• Conclusion
• Reference
What is Hyperloop ?
What is Hyperloop ?
 It is the new form of transportation between long
distances.
 Hyper loop consists of a low pressure tube with
capsules that are transported at both low and high
speeds throughout the length of the tube.
 It is an high speed train transporting at a speed of
800mph which is twice the speed of a commercial
plane.
FOUNDER
ELON MUSK PROPOSED THE HYPERLOOP AS AN
ATLERNATIVE TO THE COSTLY CALIFORNIA “HIGH
SPEED” RAIL
“HIGH SPEED” RAIL HYPERLOOP
HISTORY
Due to high traffic US government proposed a high speed train
project between San Francisco to Los Angeles
In past Robert Goddard proposed using vacuum as medium of
transport there by attain speed without high friction losses but there’s
lot of possibility of leaks . And when there is a leak it will damage the
whole system.
Elon Musk thought of overcoming it with maintaining low pressure
rather than vacuum and using electromagnetic suspension.
THE CONCEPT
AA
COMPONENTS OF HYPERLOOP
 CAPSULE

 TUBE

 PROPULSION
The maximum width is 4.43 ft (1.35 m) and maximum height is 6.11
ft (1.10 m). With rounded corners, this is equivalent to a 15 ft2 (1.4 m2)
frontal area, not including any propulsion or suspension components.
COMPRESSOR
• One important feature of the capsule is the onboard compressor,
which serves two purposes . This system allows the capsule to
traverse the relatively narrow tube without choking flow that travels
between the capsule and the tube walls
• By compressing air that is bypassed through the capsule. It also
supplies air to air bearings that support the weight of the capsule
throughout the journey.
THE TUBE
 The tube is made of steel.
 Solar arrays will cover the top of the tubes in order to provide power to the
system.
 The tube cross-sectional area is 42.2 ft2 (3.91 m2) giving a capsule/tube area
ratio of 36% or a diameter ratio of 60%.
PROPULSIONS
Linear accelerators are constructed along the length of the
tube at various locations to accelerate the capsules.
Stators are located on the capsules to transfer momentum to
the capsules via the linear accelerators.
Capsules are accelerated by linear magnetic induction and
decelerated by regenerative braking similar to magnetic
levitation trains.
The Hyperloop uses a linear induction motor to accelerate
and decelerate the capsule. This provides several important
benefits over a permanent magnet motor
WORKING
SUSPENSION
Suspending the capsule.
 Magnetic levitation.
 An alternative to these conventional options is an air bearing suspension.
non-linear reaction resulting in large restoring pressures
The increased pressure pushes the ski away from the wall, allowing it to
TUBE CONSTRUCTION
• The tube will be supported by pillars
• Average spacing is 30m between each pillar
• There will be roughly 25000 pillars for a distance of 680kilometers
• Built using reinforced concrete
• Tunneling mountains to kept the route straight.
WHY WE NEED THE HYPERLOOP ?
RUNS
OFF
SOLAR
POWER

“GREEN TRANSPORTATION”
COMPARISON
THE PRICE TAG

## “HIGH SPEED” RAIL HYPERLOOP

BENEFITS
 Safer
 Faster
 Lower costs and this kind of speed
 More convenient
 Immune to weather
 Sustainably self powering
 Resistant to earth quakes
 Decrease the traffic
 Decreases the frictional losses that occur at subsonic speed
 Using solar power.
LIMITATIONS
CONCLUSION
• A high speed transportation system known as Hyperloop introduced
here.
• Its basically magnetic levitation and propulsion train in vacuum
tubes helping in achieving high speeds.