Navigation NAU 102 Lesson 22

Running Fix
‡Running Fix - A position determined by crossing non-simultaneous lines of position (LOP¶s) that are advanced or retired to a common time. ‡Used in circumstances when it is difficult to get two LOP¶s at once. (E.g. Low visibility, isolated lights)

Running Fix
‡Less reliable than a fix. ‡Part fix and part DR. ‡Ignores current, wind, bad steering, etc.

Tank

Running Fix
Light
FL 6s 58ft 9M

9 9 11 11 11 5 9 9 5 9 9 11 96 5 5 9 9 11 11 11 9 9

15 19
20
pa

15 17

15 17 19

19
20

11
20

17

17 19
20

21 0800

20

21
20 20 20

21 23 23 23

21

21 23

R-FIX

21

0830
23 23

Running Fixes

Universal Plotting Sheet

Universal Plotting Sheet

Universal Plotting Sheet

STEP #1:
Tank ‡ Take a bearing to the Nav Aid and draw the LOP on the chart. ‡ Plot your associated DR position. Light

Running FIX

FL 6s 58ft 9M
9 9 11 11 11 5 9 9 5 9 9 11 96 5 5 9 9 11 11 9 9

15

11

15 19
20
pa

15 17

15 17 19
20

19
20

11
20

17
20 20

17 19
20

21
20

20

21 21

21 23 23 23

21

21 23

23

23

STEP #2
Tank ‡ Take a second bearing and plot it. ‡ Plot your associated DR position.

Running FIX
Light
FL 6s 58ft 9M

9 9 11 11 11 5 9 9 5 9 9 11 96 5 5 9 9 11 11 9 9

15

11

15 19
20
pa

15 17

15 17 19

19
20

11
20

17
20 20

17 19
20

21

20

21
20

20

21 21

21 23 23 23

21

21 23

23

23

STEP #3 ‡ OpenTank dividers to the distance between your DR positions. your ‡ Mark the point along your trackline that is an equivalent distance from the point where the first LOP crossed the trackline. Light

Running FIX

FL 6s 58ft 9M
9 9 11 11 11 5 9 9 5 9 9 11 96 5 5 9 9 11 11 9 9

15

11

15 19
20
pa

15 17

15 17 19
20

19
20

11
20

17

4 nm
21
20

21
20 20

21 21 23 23

21 23 23

21

21

20 23 @ 12 kts23 = 4 nm min

STEP #4 ‡ DrawTank a line, parallel to the first LOP, through that marked point. ‡ Label the forwarded LOP with the original and advanced times. Light

Running FIX

FL 6s 58ft 9M
9 9 11 11 11 5 9 9 5 9 9 11 96 5 5 9 9 11 11 9 9

15

11

15 19
20
pa

15 17

15 17 19
20

19
20

11
20

17

4 nm
21
20

21
20 20

21 21 23 23

21 23 23

21

21

20 23 @ 12 kts23 = 4 nm min

STEP #5
Tank ‡ Where the LOP¶s cross is the running fix position. ‡ Mark a circle and label the ³R-FIX´ with the time. Light

Running FIX

FL 6s 58ft 9M
9 9 11 11 11 5 9 9 5 9 9 11 96 5 5 9 9 11 11 9 9

15

11

15 19
20
pa

15 17

15 17 19
20

19
20

11
20

17

4 nm
21
20

21
20 20

21 21

21 23 23 23

21

21 23

0830 R-Fix

23

23

Running Fix
You can also plot a running fix using two navaids. Advance the first LOP to the time of the LOP of the second navaid.

Running Fix
A circle of position (range from a navaid) can also be advanced for use in a running fix.

Running Fix
Advance the navaid the direction of your course & the distance between your DRs. Redraw your first range circle from the advanced navaid.

Running Fix
Course changes between LOP¶s

Running Fix
Course changes between LOP¶s

Estimated Position (EP)
The most probable position of the vessel determined from incomplete data or data of questionable accuracy. A DR with an extra piece of information. Used when you can¶t obtain a second LOP.

Estimated Position (EP)
There are several ways to plot EP¶s, depending on the ³extra information´ available. When using a single LOP, the EP is the point on the LOP closest to your DR position.

Estimated Position (EP)
‡Draw a line segment perpendicular to the LOP that intersects the DR position. ‡The point where the segment meets the LOP is the EP

EP with a Known Current
At 0900 your position is LAT 37°00.0'N, LONG 75°30.0'W. You are on course 270°T at 6 knots. You estimated the current to be 137°T at 1.0 knot. What is your 1000 estimated position?
C ± 270 S±6 0900

EP with a Known Current
At 0900 your position is LAT 37°00.0'N, LONG 75°30.0'W. You are on course 270°T at 6 knots. You estimated the current to be 137°T at 1.0 knots. What is your 1000 estimated position?

C ± 270 S±6 1000

0900

LAT 36°59.5'N, LONG 75°37.0'W

Position Reliability
Fix Running Fix Estimated Position Dead Reckoning

Introduction to Navigation

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