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Tidal Current

The periodic horizontal flow of water accompanying the rise and fall of the tide.

Tidal Current

Moon

Tidal Current

Two Types: Rotary Currents Reversing Currents

Rotary Currents

Occur offshore where direction of flow is not restricted. Coriolis Effect causes set to rotate through all directions.

Clockwise in the Northern Hemisphere Counterclockwise in the Southern Hemisphere.

Rotary Currents

Water flows continuously but the speed and direction changes

Two speed maximums in opposite directions Two speed minimums about halfway between the maximums

Rotary Currents

Table 5 of the Tidal Current Tables has further discussion of rotary currents.

Reversing Currents

Occur where direction of water flow is constricted: Coastal areas Bays Straits Rivers

Reversing Currents

Definitions Flood ± the movement towards shore or upstream. Ebb ± the movement away from shore or downstream. Slack ± the period when speed of the current is zero.

Tidal Current

Current Predictions

We can predict set and drift of tidal currents using: Computer Programs Tidal Current Tables

Tidal Currents

Horizontal movement of water caused by the tides.

**Tidal Current Tables
**

Data on tidal currents Published annually by NOS 2 volumes by location

**Tidal Current Tables
**

Arranged by Tables

Table 1 - list of predicted times of maximum currents and slack water, with the velocity of the maximum currents, for a number of reference stations.

Table 1

Tidal Current

Table 2 - gives differences, ratios, and other information related to a relatively large number of subordinate stations. Index numbers of subordinate stations are found in the Index.

Table 2

**Tidal Current Tables
**

Table 3 - enables determination of current¶s velocity at any time between entries in tables 1 and 2.

**Tidal Current Tables
**

Table 4 - gives duration of slack, or the number of minutes the current does not exceed stated amounts, for various maximum velocities. Table 5 (Atlantic Coast of North America only) gives information on rotary tidal currents.

**Tidal Current Tables
**

The volumes also contain: Wind-driven currents Combination currents Gulf Stream currents for the east coast Coastal currents on the west coast

Example Problem #1

Current at Reference Stations What will be the time, speed and direction of the maximum currents and slack waters at Key West, Florida on 19 November?

Example Problem #1

Example Problem #1

Example Problem #1

Time 0327 0619 0922 1225 1604 1822 2054 Speed 0 1.5 0 1.9 0 1.0 0 Direction 020° T 195° T 020° T -

Example Problem #2

Current at Subordinate Stations What will be the time, speed and direction of the first maximum currents and slack waters at Grant¶s Tomb on 04 June (DST applies)?

Example Problem #2

Example Problem #2

Example Problem #2

Example Problem #2

Example Problem #2

MBF F MBE E Narrows 23:31 01:45 04:52 08:24 Grant¶s Tomb +1 59 +1 53 +1 45 +2 10 F 1.3 x 0.9 E 1.7 X 1.2

01:30 03:38 06:37 10:34 Flood ±025° T Ebb ±

1.2

2.0

Example Problem #3

Current at Any Time What will be the speed and direction of the tidal current at Grant¶s Tomb at 0430 on 04 June?

Example Problem #3

Example Problem #3

MBF F MBE E Narrows 23:31 01:45 04:52 08:24 Grant¶s Tomb +1 59 +1 53 +1 45 +2 10 F 1.3 x 0.9 E 1.7 X 1.2

01:30 03:38 06:37 10:34 Time of Maximum

1.2

2.0

Time of Slack Flood ± 025° T Ebb ±

Example Problem #3

Interval Between Slack & Maximum Current Interval Between Slack & Desired Time

06:37 (Slack) -03:38 (Max) 2h 59 min

06:37 (Slack) -04:30 (Desired) 2h 07 min

Example Problem #3

Example Problem #3

MBF F MBE E Narrows 23:31 01:45 04:52 08:24 Grant¶s Tomb +1 59 +1 53 +1 45 +2 10 F 1.3 x 0.9 E 1.7 X 1.2

01:30 03:38 06:37 10:34 Time of Maximum Flood ± 025° T Ebb ±

1.2

2.0

Example Problem #3

What will be the speed and direction of the tidal current at Grant¶s Tomb at 0430 on 04 June?

1.2 x 0.9

(speed of max current) (factor from table 3)

= 1.1 knot flood

**Daylight Savings Time
**

Times in Table 1 are in Standard Time If you are keeping Daylight Savings Time, ³Spring Forward´ Add one hour to times from Table 1.

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