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# Problem 1.

5
Jeremy Samuel-022140000
• No gram of solid was sinked into a W gram of water when to. The
solution was mixed and the temperature was held constant along the
process. In the end of t1(after to), N1 gram of solid was not dissolved
yet. In the end of a numerous periods of time, found that N2 gram of
solid was not dissolved either. Suppose that the rate of solubility is
directly proportional with the area of solid surface and the driving
concentration force whereas the concentration was stated with gram
of solid per gram of water. S stands for the quantity of the solid with
spherical form with Do as the diameter in ft. Find the differential
equation that needed to determine the rate of solubility of solid that
stated with NO,Nt,N2,to, and t1!
Do

No
this is on steady state condition
mass input – mass output + mass generation - consumption = 0
𝑑𝑁
= 0 − 𝑘𝑐𝐴(𝐶 ∗ −𝐶) (1)
𝑑𝑡
𝑁0−𝑁2
𝐶 ∗= , at t2 (2)
𝑊
𝑁0−𝑁
𝐶 = , at t1 (3)
𝑊
𝐴 = 𝜋𝐷2𝑆 (4)
𝑆𝜋𝐷 3
𝑁 = 𝜌 (5)
6
𝑆𝜋𝐷𝑜3
𝑁𝑜 = 𝜌 (6)
6
𝑁 𝐷 3
=
𝑁𝑜 𝐷𝑜
3 𝑁
𝐷 = 𝐷𝑜 (7)
𝑁𝑜

2
3 𝑁 2
𝐴 = 𝜋𝐷2𝑆 = 𝜋𝐷𝑜 𝑆 (8)
𝑁𝑜
Substitute the equation (2), (3), and (8) into (1). So we can obtain
𝑑𝑁 2
3 𝑁 2 𝑁0−𝑁2 𝑁0−𝑁
= 0 − 𝑘𝑐𝜋𝐷𝑜 𝑆( − )
𝑑𝑡 𝑁𝑜 𝑊 𝑊
2
𝑑𝑁 2
3 𝑁 𝑁0 − 𝑁2 𝑁0 − 𝑁
= −𝑘𝑐𝜋𝐷𝑜 𝑆( − )
𝑑𝑡 𝑁𝑜 𝑊 𝑊