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THE SCIENCE MIRACLE..

THE MUMMIES MUMMIFICATION


EGYPTIAN RELIGIOUS PHILOSOPHY
EGYPTIANS BELIEVED IN LIFE AFTER DEATH
TO ACHIEVE THIS LIFE, THE KA (LIFE FORCE)
HAD TO RECOGNIZE THE DECEASED PERSON’S
BODY.
Ba – (bird) hawk body with
Ka – (life force) invisible
twin or soul-reassembled head of person; fly
body in the afterlife between tomb and family
EVOLUTION OF MUMMIFICATION

 Early Egyptians buried


their dead in the desert
 The dry desert acted as
a natural mummifying
agent
 From this the Egyptians
developed a process of
mummification
DURING THE WRAPPING

 A priest reads spells from the BOOK OF THE


DEAD.

 The spells ward off evil spirits so the body can


find its way to the afterlife.
PROCESS OF MUMMIFICATION

 1. Washed body with wine and then removed


inner organs through an incision in the lower
left abdomen.
 Brain - removed through the nose and
discarded
 Intestines, lungs, liver, stomach
preserved in natron (salt)
MUMMIFICATION

 2. Body is packed in natron to remove all


moisture.

 This process takes about 40 days.


MUMMIFICATION

 3. After 40 days, the body is brushed clean


and wiped with wine to cleanse.

 4. Body is covered with oils, ointments,


spices, and resin.
MUMMIFICATION

 5. Eye sockets stuffed with linen and closed

 6. Nostrils stuffed with beeswax

 7. Jewelry, makeup, capped fingers and toes


with gold
MUMMIFICATION

 8. Organs placed in canopic jars

 9. Heart put back in body to reassemble the


person in the tomb for the afterlife.

 10. Body packed with linen


The organs are
washed, dried,
wrapped in linen
and each one was
placed in a jar!

Canopic
Jars
MUMMIFICATION
 11.Sew up the
incision. Cover with
the Eye of Horus for
protection.

 12.
Body wrapped,
amulets placed
between layers
THE AFTERLIFE
 Preserving the body after death was very important to the
ancient Egyptians.
 It was believed that in the next life they would need their
earthly body.
 Not only would they need their bodies, they would need their
earthly possessions.
LET’S WRAP
 The head and the neck are wrapped with strips of
linen and then the fingers and toes are wrapped
separately.

 The arms & legs are wound with strips of linens,


placing amulets between the layers for protection
through the underworld.
DID YOU KNOW ?
 The heart was thought to be the
center of intelligence and feelings so it was
left in the body for the after life!

 The brain was considered useless. It was


removed by inserting a hook through the
nose and pulling it out .
One of the most

THE MUMMY OF RAMSES II


well preserved
mummies ever
found in ancient
Egypt.

Ramses
II