Welcome to seminar on: INTRODUCTION TO COMPUTR NETWORK

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Presented by: Suresh R. Reg:397cs06054.
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Introduction to Computer Networks

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NETWORKS

A network is a set of devices (often referred nodes) to as nodes) connected by communication links. links. A node can be a computer, printer, or any other device capable of sending and/or receiving data generated by other nodes on the network. network.

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Overview

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DATA COMMUNICATIONS Where are the data communications? Why data communications? Telecommunication: communication at a distance. Data: information presented in whatever form is agreed upon by the parties creating and using the data. Data communications: the exchange of data communications: between two devices via some form of transmission medium such as a wire cable. 5

DATA COMMUNICATIONS What do we need?
Hardware Software

Four fundamental characteristics: 1. Delivery: correct destination 2. Accuracy: correct data 3. Timeliness: fast enough 4. Jitter: uneven delay
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Topics to be covered:
±Components ±Data representation ±Data flow

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Components

Figure 1.1 Five components of data communication
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Communication Tasks
Some of the key tasks that must be performed in data communication system.

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Transmission system utilization Synchronization Error Detection & Correction Flow control Addressing Routing Recovery Message formatting Security Network Management
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Data Representation
Text
Email, articles, etc Coding (Unicode, ASCII)

Numbers
Direct conversion

Images
Pixels, resolution, gray scale, RGB.

Audio
Continuous, signal conversion

Video
Movie, continuous/discrete
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Data Flow

Figure : Data flow (simplex, half-duplex, and full-duplex)

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Topics to be covered:
‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ Distributed Processing Network Criteria Physical Structures Network Models Categories of Networks Internetwork

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‡

Task is divided among multiple computers. Advantages of Distributed processing Security/Encapsulation Distributed Database Faster problem solving Security through redundancy

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NETWORKS

Network criteria 1. Performance
Transit time, response time. Throughput, delay. 2. Reliability Failure frequency, recovery time 3. Security Protection.

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Type of Connections

1.Spatially shared 2.Time shared

Figure : Types of connections: point-to-point and multipoint
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Physical topology

Figure : Categories of physical topology
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Mesh Networks
A Partial Mesh B C A

B

C

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Fully Mesh

D

D

E

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Star

Figure : A star topology connecting four stations
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Bus

Figure : A bus topology connecting three stations

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Ring

Figure : A ring topology connecting six stations
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Classification of Networks by Size and Community

A company or home

A city wide network

A country wide network 21

Single to Multiple LANs

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Figure 1.10 An isolated LAN connecting 12 computers to a hub in a closet

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Metropolitan Area Network

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Wide Area Network

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Internetworking
‡ When two or more networks are connected , they become an internetwork, or internet . ‡ The term internet means interconnection of network ‡ While the Internet is the name of a specific worldwide network.

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THE INTERNET

The Internet has revolutionized many aspects of our daily lives. It has affected the way we lives. do business as well as the way we spend our leisure time. time. The Internet is a communication system that has brought a wealth of information to our fingertips and organized it for our use. use.

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STANDARD ORGANIZATIONS

1. ISO(International Organization of
Standardization) 2. Internet Telecommunication Union(ITU) 3. American Standard National Institute 4. Institute of Electric and Electronics Engineers(IEEE)

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Summary

Data communications Networks The internet Protocols and standards

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Conclusion:

Computer Network is playing very major role for communication.

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References:

‡ en.wikipedia.org ‡ www.scribd.com ‡ www.google.com ‡ www.yahoo.com

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THAKING YOU!
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