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ACCIDENT PREVENTION

dr. Diana Mayasari, MKK


ACCIDENT
 Unplanned and unexpected event giving rise to injury,
ill health, death and damage to property, damage to
environment or any combination of these.

 Reportable accident
 Non reportable accident
ACCIDENTS STATISTICS
ACCIDENTS STATISTICS
HEINRICH THEORY
 Analysis of 75000
accidents
 98% were preventable
 10 % were due to unsafe
physical and mechanical
conditions
 88% were due to unsafe
acts
WHY TO PREVENT ACCIDENTS?
 Legalresponsibility
 Moral responsibility
 Loss of production
 Avoid bad publicity
 Economic losses
YOUR SAFETY - YOUR RESPONSIBILITY

USE YOUR PPE


YOUR HANDS ARE GODS GIFT
DO NOT LOSE THEM

© 2002 Eqms EQMS India (P) Limited, Delhi.


COST OF ACCIDENT
 The monetary losses
associated with an
accident or incident.
 Direct cost
 Indirect costs.
DIRECT COST
 Medical cost
 Compensation cost
INDIRECT COST
 Building Damage
 Tool and equipment damage
 Product and material damage
 Production delays and interruptions
 Expenditure on Emergency supplies
 Interim equipment rental
INDIRECT COST
 Investigation time
 Wages paid for lost time
 Cost of hiring and/or training
replacements
 Overtime
 Extra supervisory time
 Decreased output of injured worker
 Loss of business and goodwill
ACCIDENT PREVENTION
 Strong commitment from top
management.
 Good safety program.
 Established safety culture.
 Safety accountability in place
ACCIDENT PREVENTION
 BENEFITS
 Reduced injury claims
 Improved employee job satisfaction
 Lower insurance premiums
 Improved quality
ACCIDENT PREVENTION
 THREE BASIC STEPS
 Hazard identification

 Elimination of unsafe act

 Elimination of unsafe condition


HAZARD IDENTIFICATION

 Checklist

 Employee observation

 Safety audit
UNSAFE ACT

 The actions of a person in a manner which


vary from the accepted or legislated safe
practice and create a hazard to either
themselves, another person, or equipment.
Tindakan tidak aman/berbahaya (unsafe
action).
 Termasuk dalam tindakan tidak aman antara lain :
1. kecerobohan,
2. meninggalkan prosedur kerja,
3. tidak menggunakan alat pelindung diri (APD),
4. bekerja tanpa perintah,
5. mengabaikan instruksi kerja,
6. tidak mematuhi rambu-rambu di tempat kerja,
7. tidak melaporkan adanya kerusakan alat/mesin
ataupun APD,
8. tidak mengurus izin kerja berbahaya sebelum memulai
pekerjaan
UNSAFE ACT
UNSAFE ACT
UNSAFE ACT
UNSAFE CONDITION

A condition in which something exists


that varies from a normal accepted safe
condition and, if not corrected, could
cause injury, death, or property damage.
Kondisi tidak aman (unsafe condition)
 contohnya antara lain :
1. tidak dipasang (terpasangnya) pengaman (safeguard)
pada bagian mesin yang berputar, tajam ataupun
panas,
2. terdapat instalasi kabel listrik yang kurang standar
(isolasi terkelupas, tidak rapi),
3. alat kerja/mesin/kendaraan yang kurang layak pakai,
4. tidak terdapat label pada kemasan bahan (material)
berbahaya, dan sebagainya.
UNSAFE CONDITION
ELIMINATE UNSAFE ACT

 Personal adjustments

 Education and Training

 Supervision

 Discipline
ELIMINATE UNSAFE CONDITION

 Design

 Control measures or isolation

 Maintaining safe working condition of plant /

tool / machine / work environment


SAFETY PHILOSOPHY
 Allinjuries are
preventable.
SAFETY PHILOSOPHY
 Management has
the responsibility
for preventing
personal injuries.
SAFETY PHILOSOPHY
 It is possible to
safeguard all
operating
exposures that
may result in
injuries.
SAFETY PHILOSOPHY
 It is necessary to
train all to work
safely.
SAFETY PHILOSOPHY
 It is good business to
prevent personal
injuries on the job
and off the job.
Hierarki Pengendalian Risiko
dalam K3
 Resiko/bahaya yang sudah diidentifikasi dan
dilakukan penilaian memerlukan langkah
pengendalian untuk menurunkan tingkat
resiko/bahaya-nya menuju ke titik yang aman.
Pengendalian Resiko/Bahaya dengan cara
eliminasi memiliki tingkat keefektifan,
kehandalan dan proteksi tertinggi di antara
pengendalian lainnya.

Dan pada urutan hierarki setelahnya, tingkat


keefektifan, kehandalan dan proteksi menurun
THANK
YOU

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