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MAGNETIZING

EQUIPMENTS

BSS Non Destructive Testing Pvt.Ltd.


Magnetizing Equipments :
Stationary Horizontal Units
This machine uses a combination of Current flow [ circular ] and Coil [ longitudinal ]
method of magnetization. A re-circulating particle suspension is applied to the part
using a hose and a pump. The machine provides AC and HWDC with high currents.
Standard lights for visible particle and ultraviolet lights for fluorescent particle
examination are provided in the machine.

Prod Units
These are portable high current sources and use a pair of prods
[ electrodes ] to circularly magnetize a local area of a part by current flow method.

Permanent Magnets
Use a pair of very strong permanent magnets to introduce a longitudinal magnetic
field in a local area of a part.

Electromagnetic Yokes
Use an electrically energized coil to magnetize a C- Shaped laminated adjustable
core, which is used to introduce the magnetic field in the local area of a part.
BSS Non Destructive Testing Pvt.Ltd.
Stationary Horizontal units are used with wet particles.
Supplies both AC and HWDC adjustable current. Has built in visible light
as well as ultraviolet lights for fluorescent examination. A re-circulating
pump supplies the particle bath through a hose.

Other features ;
Two Contact heads, one fixed
and the other is movable to
accommodate the test part.

Coil for longitudinal


magnetization.

High current capability.

Foot switch for current


trigger.

May be used to Demagnetize.

BSS Non Destructive Testing Pvt.Ltd.


Stationary Horizontal units are used with wet particles.
Supplies both AC and HWDC adjustable current. Has built in visible light as
well as ultraviolet lights for fluorescent examination. A re-circulating pump
supplies the particle bath through a hose.

Other features ;
* Two Contact heads, one
fixed and the other is
movable to accommodate
the test part.
* Coil for longitudinal
magnetization.
* High current capability.
* Foot switch for current
trigger.
* May be used to
Demagnetize.

BSS Non Destructive Testing Pvt.Ltd.


Stationary Horizontal units :
Contact heads may use lead liner for improving contact. A nozzle and hose
is used for applying suspension.

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Stationary Horizontal units :
Heads also use copper braids for uniform contact.

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Contact Heads :
For passing current through the part.
Contact heads lined with lead for improving electrical contact. It also
has support for the test part.
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Stationary Horizontal units : In addition to contact, the heads may contain
coils such that the heads can be used as yokes for longitudinal
magnetization of parts.
BSS Non Destructive Testing Pvt.Ltd.
Stationary Horizontal units :
Foot switches are used to activate the magnetizing current.
BSS Non Destructive Testing Pvt.Ltd.
Coil magnetization :
A Coil is provided on the stationary magnetizing unit for longitudinal
magnetization of parts. The coil may be of 5 turns.
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The Coil

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Components in the stationary unit :
Heads and coil for magnetizing part
Rollers for positioning coil and rotating cylindrical part
Grid for draining liquid in to the storage tank
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The coil in the unit is heavy. A trolley supports the coil and help to
position at the desired location.

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The coil which is used in the stationary horizontal unit. The base is fixed
to the roller support. The supply connections are removed from the
heads and connected to the copper pads of the coil.

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Roller support for fixing and positioning the coil.
Roller support for rotating cylindrical parts during examination.

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Attachments for the Contact Heads for holding different types
of test parts during the examination.

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Small part fixing adapters :
to be attached to main contact heads for holding small
diameter parts and for passing current through them.

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Motor Pump for re-circulating the particle suspension through the hose :

BSS Non Destructive Testing Pvt.Ltd.


Mobile Pump and tank system for applying re-circulated particle suspension
through a hose :

BSS Non Destructive Testing Pvt.Ltd.


Bath Circulating Pump, high current generating main Transformer and control
Electronics in the stationary horizontal unit :

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UV lighting system in a
Stationary magnetizing unit :

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The Coil and the small part adapters mounted on the Stationary Horizontal unit :

BSS Non Destructive Testing Pvt.Ltd.


Central conductors for magnetizing inside diameter of hollow parts:

Copper and Aluminum rods of different diameters are generally used as


central conductors.
Steel rods can be used but heating effect and electrical resistance will
increase the load on the machine.
For a given current and rod diameter, magnetic field distribution outside
any electrical conductor is same.

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The Central conductor arrangement :

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The Central conductor magnetization of hollow parts.

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Head shot unit for small parts :

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The braided contact Heads of the small horizontal machine :

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Prod magnetizing units : A low voltage, high current transformer for
magnetizing local area of large parts. Provides maximum sensitivity for
sub surface defects when HWDC and dry method is used. Major problem
Arc Burn at the prod contact points.

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Prod magnetizing units :

During use, current can be switched On or Off by the remote control


switch and is used to minimize arcing at the contact points.
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Mobile magnetizing Power Units :
For 3000 Amps and above for field use.

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Mobile Magnetizing Power Units :
For 6000 Amps and above on shop floor use.

BSS Non Destructive Testing Pvt.Ltd.


Mobile Magnetizing Power Units :
For 6000 Amps and above.

BSS Non Destructive Testing Pvt.Ltd.


Permanent magnet :
A pair of strong permanent magnets, separate or mounted in an adjustable
fixture can be used to produce local magnetization in a part. Magnets
produce steady longitudinal field, which does not contribute to particle
mobility, therefore less sensitive for detection of sub surface flaws. Field
strength can not controlled easily.

• Permanent magnets are used


when electric current can not
be used.
• Wet particles are normally
used with this magnet.
Inspection area is centrally 1
inch dia between the poles.

• Qualifying Lifting power 40


lbs or 18.1 kg.

• Useful when the flaw


locations are known.
BSS Non Destructive Testing Pvt.Ltd.
Electromagnetic Yokes :
A laminated soft iron C shaped core is magnetized within a coil and is used
to introduce magnetizing field in the part. AC and HWDC magnetization
are generally used. Yoke eliminates electric arcing problem of the direct
current flow methods.

BSS Non Destructive Testing Pvt.Ltd.


AC / DC Electromagnetic Yoke :
A laminated soft iron C shaped core is magnetized within a coil. The leg
spacing is adjustable.

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The Electromagnetic Yoke is switched on from a push switch

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Yoke in use with wet particle aerosol spray can

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Electromagnetic Yokes
for AC or HWDC local longitudinal magnetization of a part.
AC is used for surface and HWDC for sub surface.
AC operating mode can be used for demagnetizing operation.

 Electric yokes use coils wound


on C shaped laminated soft
iron core.
 Opening of the core [ leg ] is
adjustable.
 Magnetizing field switches off
with the current.
 Required lifting power, 4.5 kg
AC and 18.1 kg DC.
 Recommended Pole spacing
3 to 8 inches.
 Detects surface and sub
surface flaws.

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Induced Current magnetization :
for rings shaped parts using AC or DC surge current to produce a torroidal
magnetic field.
The ring is used as a short circuit secondary in a transformer arrangement.
Discontinuities along the ring are indicated.

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Induced Current magnetization :
for rings shaped parts using AC or DC surge current to produce a torroidal
magnetic field.
The ring is used as a short circuit secondary in a transformer
arrangement. Discontinuities along the ring are indicated.

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Equipment Performance Checks

 Current flow test piece


 Magnetic flow test piece
 Cracked component

BSS Non Destructive Testing Pvt.Ltd.