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COURSE: Communication Seminar (ME-3100)
Presented By-
Mahid Mustarin -
Payel Dev -
Nahin Abedin -
Azizul Hoque -
MARS- The Red Planet
Mars is the
fourth planet
the Sun and
the second-
planet in
the Solar
System after
Mars - The Red Planet
• Radius : 3,390 km
• Gravity : 3.711 m/s²
• Atmosphere: Over 100 times lighter than Earth’s
• Surface Pressure: 0.636 (0.4–0.87) kPa; 0.00628 atm
• Distance From Earth: 54.6 Million km
• Distance from the Sun: 227 Million km
Martian Moons-

Phobos Deimos
NASA’s Goal towards
Mars Exploration Goal 3:
the Origin and
Goal 1: Evolution of
Determine if Mars as a
Mars Ever Geological
Supported Life Goal 2: System
Understand Goal 4:
the Processes Prepare for
and History of Human
Climate on Exploration
Active Missions Future Past Missions

MAVEN,Curiosity, Mars Exploration Rover
Mars Reconnaissance, ExoMars Rover, opportunity,
Mars Odyssey MARS 2020
Mars Exploration Rover
Spirit etc.
The total journey can be completed from 150-300 days. The
first mission to MARS, NASA’s Mariner 4 (1964) , arrived at its
destination in 288 days. Some other examples are:

• Viking 1 (1976)- 335 days

• Viking 2 (1976)- 360 days
• Mars Reconnaissance orbiter (2006)- 210 days
• Phoenix Lander (2008)- 295 days
• Curiosity Lander (2012) -253 days
First Image of Mars

Taken by the Taken By the Viking 1 Lander Shortly after

Mariner 4 from it touched down MARS. It was taken on
12,000 km July 20, 1976.
Mars Rover Curiosity

Launch: November 26, 2011

Landing: August 6, 2012
Sols 2320-2323: Onwards to Midland Valley
Distance traveled: 12.48 miles (20.08km)
Self-portrait of NASA's
• Largest and most capable rover ever sent to Mars Mars rover Curiosity
• Set out to answer the question: Did Mars ever
have the right environmental conditions to
support small life forms called microbes?
• Found minerals and chemicals evidence of past
habitable environments on Mars
This is a photo of coherent bed
rocks taken by the curiosity
NASA's Curiosity Mars rover took a photo that includes
Earth as the brightest point of light in the night sky.
InSight (Interior Exploration using Seismic Investigations,
Geodesy and Heat Transport)
Mars lander (NASA)
Launch: 5 May 2018
Arrival: 26 Nov 2019

• A Mars lander full of geophysical instruments.

• Using a seismometer, heat flow probe, and precision tracking
it seeks to explore the deep interior of Mars
Mars Exploration Rover Spirit
Successful Mars rover (NASA)
Launch: June 10, 2003
Landing: January 3, 2004
Contact lost: March 22, 2010

• Spirit landed on Mars within Gusev crater

• It found evidence for past water
• It was hobbled by one stuck wheel for many years and
finally became stuck in fluffy sand
• Was unable to move into a favorable position to keep the
battery charged through winter
• After numerous failed attempts the mission was officially
ended on May 24,2011
Mars Exploration Rover Opportunity
Successful Mars rover (NASA) Contact lost: June, 2018
Launch: July 7, 2003
Landing: January 24, 2004
Distance traveled: 28.06 miles (45.16km)

• Landed in Meridiani Planum at 354.4742°E, 1.9483°S

• Found the Hematite mineral that was seen from space by the Global Mars
• Went to the Endeavour Crater, which was like landing on a different site on
• A major global Dust storm in June 18 caused it to lose power
• After failing many attempts to power up the rover again NASA declared the
mission at an end in February 13, 2019
The Wonder of Mars
Exploration -
‘Mars Exploration
Rover Opportunity’
Pictures of Martian Surface taken by the Science Cam of
Successful lander (NASA)
Launch: August 4, 2007
Mars arrival: May 25, 2008
Last communication: November 2, 2008

• Landed near the north pole of Mars to study the

water ice found close to the surface
• Dug trenches into the soil and delivered samples to
sophisticated chemical analysis instruments
• The mission came to an end when winter
temperature and cloud cover led to the depletion of
the solar power.
• The mission was declared concluded on November 10,
2008, after engineers were unable to establish contact with
the lander.
Soil Sample photo sent by Mars Lander Phoenix
Source: The New York Times
Orbiter Mission By NASA:


Reasons to Go to Mars-

• Overpopulation and shortage of Resources on

• Due to Climate Change
• To Ensure the future of civilization
• To Create a back up location for humanity
• Colonization in another planet
• To discover life on Mars
Survival of Human beings on Mars

The things needed to survive on Mars-

• A breathable atmosphere
• Water
• Food

Scientists have thought of making a air tight habitat that would

help the settlers to grow their foods and to live on a breathable
Reference :

Thank You