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O Rural areas is powering huge loads from rural single
phase electric distribution system.
O Introduced by the Precise Power Corporation of
Bradenton, Florida, in the 1990¶s.
O The motor dramatically reduced starting current &
are able to drive heavier loads without disrupting
power quality.

X Large starting current.
X Even number of poles.
X Dependence of speed on no. of poles of rotor.
speed = 120 X frequency
no. of poles

O Squirrel Cage Induction Motor

O Wound Rotor Induction Motor
O Synchronous Motor
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O Stator Construction O Rotor Construction

1.cast frame construction 1.steel shaft bearings

2.electrical steel 2.electrical steel

laminations laminations

3.copper stator winding 3.carbon steel rotor cage

with an additional 4.ferrite magnet layer
exciter coil.
O There are three modes of operation:-
1.Start Mode
2.Transition Mode
3.Run Mode

O Induction torque is produced in the machine by the
rotating magnetic field of the stator.
O Hysterisis torque is developed when stator current
slightly magnetize the ferrite material.
O The Hysterisis and Induction torque produced
accelerates the motor to rated speed.

O The excitation coil is turned on when the motor reaches
80% - 90% of rated speed.
O The powerful excitation coil starts writing poles to the
ferrite layer as the rotor rotates.
O Magnetic layer magnetized into any desired
configuration using exciter winding.
Figure 1 shows motor is in normal mode of operation.
As the excitation had not been turned on the motor is
running as an induction motor.
Figure 2 & 3 shows the poles are being written into
the magnetic layer in the anticlockwise direction as
the rotor rotates in the clockwise direction.

O The no: poles produced depends upon the frequency of

signal given to the exciter coil and also speed of the
O If the exciter has constant frequency o/p then :-
1.Lower speed of rotor results in larger no of poles
with shorter spans.
2.higher speed of rotor results in smaller no of poles
with longer spans.

O Magnetic interlocking of rotor poles and stator poles
takes place.
O The motor starts run at synchronous speed.
O It excessive torque is applied to the output shaft, causing
the motor to pull out of synchronization, it re-enters the
transition mode and attempts to re- accelerate the load
back to synchronous speed.
O Low starting current requirements.
O Energy efficient operation.
O Unity power factor operation.
O Low temperature rise.
O High inertia starting.
O Instantaneous restart capability.
O Ride through characteristics.
X The home appliance requires for a motor to be small,
X exciter with a very large magneto-motive force in the
small volume, which is driven by a general voltage
X Its divided into:
a) MMF design
b) Pole shape design
"# $
X MMF = Current * coil turns
X Voltage equation is given by,
X If | is the slot area occupied by  turns, then area of
a coil
X If 0  is the effective length of a coil side, then
resistance of exciter






X Lesser the turn no:,

larger the exciter
current and mmf.
X Maximum MMF is
limited by maximum
allowable current.
X The exciter pole shape is designed with maximising the
magnetic intensity in magnet.
X Since the magnetic flux in pole should be concentrated
to increase the magnetic intensity, the width of pole
edge D is selected as variable.
X Magneto static analysis is carried out with  and
the field intensity according to variation in D
X The edge width corresponding to maximum intensity is
’  ’©
O Agricultural purpose in rural areas.
O Conveyor belt applications.
O At oil well beam pump.
O To run a 3 phase generatorM
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O WPM shows good value when applied to proper niches
O Technology shows promise where the characteristics
can be benefited for rural and industrial applications.
O For a low Hp WPM, the winding and pole shape of
exciter have to be optimally designed and analyzed.
O S. Hoffman, B. Banerjee, and M. Samotyj, ³Written-pole
D    ` `
O A. Hannah, ³Electrical field measurements on an EPRI two-
pole, 20-HP written pole motor,´     ,
vol. 33, no. 2, pp. 408±414, Mar./Apr. 1997
O Cyril G. Veinott, ³Theory and design of small induction
motors´, McGraw-Hill pp.447-452, 1959
O R. W. Menzies and L. Ge, ³Theory investigation of 3-phase
written pole motors,´ in