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Recognizing the possibility of possibilities regarding
the prospects of education in society in the future , experts and
practioners is not enough just to make forecasts of predictions,
but must make a plan to improve prdictions of the positive and
reduce the negative predictions. Here in lies the position and
strategic rationale of the planning process and the planning of
the school curiculum in particular.
To be able to explore the theory and practice of planning
and curriculum development (especially in education) well,
should be presented first some basic. Concepts of curriculum
and educational differences, and understanding and basic
concepts and approach to curriculum planning in general.
A Basic Understanding Of The
Some rertrictions on the mert important curriculum :
• Franklin Robbit
Curriculum is a series of Activities to be carried out or
sustained by Children of Young people clouth the Intention of
Developing the ability to do anything that is included in adult
life to the bert of bert, and in order to have properties that
thould be owned by an adult in all its aspect.
• Hass, Curriculum Planning : A New Approach
The curriculum is all the experiences of persons of the
students in an educational program that aims to achieve the
goal of general purpose and special purpose relevant, planned
based on the theoretical framework and the professional
practice of the past and the present.
• Caswell and Campbell, Curriculum Planning
Curriculum is all the experiences of the children
under the supervision of teachers.
• Krug, Curriculum Planning
The curriculum is a set of strategies that are used
in schools to provide opportunities realization of a
learning experience for the students to achieve the
desired learning outcomes.
• Taba, Curriculum Development
A curriculum is a study plan.
• Finch & Crunkilton, Curriculum Development
Curriculum educational programs outside the
school with a focus on 1) The elements of the study
program, 2) Elements of experience, 3) The elements of
service and 4) Elements of hidden curriculum.
The Curriculum In Teaching

It can be said that the curriculum covers all the learning

experiences of the student in the school. While teaching
strategy involves delivering the various learning experiences.
Or the distinction even more specific, relevant teaching
planned to do with the interaction between student and teacher
in order to materialize the experience that can produce the
desired learning process. Thus the relationship between
curriculum and instruction very closely, because these aspects
are so inseparable from each other in the planning process.
Curriculum planning can’t be done without regar to the
principles of teaching and learning that there is, on the
contrary planning teaching activities can’t ignore the overali
picture of what should be covered in a program. Probably not
too wrong to say that the event planners curriculum and
teaching are two different levels of the same activity.
Within the limits mentioned above, already
contained the basic principles of curriculum
development planning process and most
importantly, like :
1.Curriculum planning is essentially an effort to help
students, or in other words, the focus of the planning
efforts is none other than the student curriculum and
learning experience that will be gained.

2. In the process, curriculum planning involves many

parties, and performed in different levels or vertical
hierarchy, according to the type and quantity of
information involved.
3. Because of the vast dimensions of the school
curriculum, curriculum planning must examine many
aspects and issues, in addition to the mainly about the
content and the learning process.

4. With the number of stages and the dynamics of

education in society that should be considered in the
planning process, the planning and development of the
curriculum should be viewed as a continuous process
and runs continously without knowing the and
termination and not as an effort completed in one
There is basic problems often cited in connection with process
planning and development this curriculum, such how for are
professional grup and common grup can work together in that
process? We have to realize, that school or education widely is
community property and the success or failure later will direct
perceived by the public. Thus is logical if community determine
follow decision in process curriculum action.
In general process action curriculum is involves community as
user curriculum can be done with choose respon certain from
community and ask things that are pleasing with curriculum. Example
with ask things is they hope from a certain curriculum. Explain basic
definition about curriculum, basic concept curriculum, planning
principle curriculum, explain design curriculum, sequences teaching
materials, stategy and media teaching and relationship with
curriculum. Explain types curriculum design, explain matter an
process learning in curriculum, ect. So that mean curriculum whitch
will made became clear to them.

The first component category be the base or main

decision foundation about curriculum because based on the
components could answered the base question like (1) human
life goal (2) whether must be teach to the good life (3) how far
the role and school responsibility in this case (4) the common
and vocation school relevantion about the society requirement
and structure (5) the role of technology and family structure
toward educational practices in school (6) the accomplishment
of society main requirements through education stripe (7) the
relevance of the curriculum structure of the stage of
development of maturity of the students and still many more
relevant questions.
In line with the breadth of scope and number
dimensions of the problem in the planning and
development curriculum , a lot of components are
related to each other and should always be considered
in the decision making process concerning the school
curriculum. These components can be classified into
three major groups, namely the components of the
foundation (including, philosophy, sociology, and
psychology), a component of the context (the state
philosophy, the social structure of economic, political
and cultural) an the components of the filter (
including facilities infrastructure, principles of
learning, and the characteristics of the students)