PRT briefing

Tarin Kowt
2006

You may not be interested in war, but war is certainly interested in you …
Leon Trotski

Topics
• Mission PRT • Environment • PRT • Priorities • Projects and processes

Mission PRT

“To assist the Government of Afghanistan to extend its authority in order to facilitate the development of a stable and secure environment and enable security sector reform and the reconstruction effort.”

Mission PRT
• Multiyear approach –
looking beyond current commitment

• Take risks – have courage to attack more fundamental problems • Weaving strands (Aus, USAID, CADG, CERP, USACE, PEP, CIMIC, SSR, etc.) into a carpet

ENVIRONMENT
The challenge to coordinate effects

C2 Chains and Effects
1 2 CENTCOM 4

NATO
ISAF
SOCCE
2IC

CF
CSTC-A

3

GOA

CJSOTF

RC(S) TF-U BG RTF
Sf Elms UAE ODA/B

PRT

AHP

ANA

ANP

NDS

Effects ?

Actors within Uruzgan
GOA Gov
PC CF Regional Police Chief

Ministers/Directors

PDC

PSC PCC

Tarin Kowt ?

Deh Rahwood

Chora

Gizab

Cahar Cineh

Khas Uruzgan

NDS

ANA

ANP

AHP

Both Ghilzai and Durrani branches of the Pashtuns are found in Uruzgan. The province’s strongest tribes are the Pashtun-Durrani tribes: the Populzai, Barakzai, and Achakzai.

Dai-Kundi Province

Helmand River
Ghazni Province

Pr

r ka Ka

ov in ce

Mullahs
Hota k

H

el m

an

i okh T

Zabul Province

d

Helmand River

Kandahar Province

Uruzgan Tribal Distribution

Provincial context
• • Poppy producing and narco-trafficking region External and internal Taliban, drugs criminality and tribal conflicts intermingled Mostly agrarian society with urgent need for power & irrigation systems to support development Nascent transportation infrastructure with need for primary & secondary roads to promote security and development Unstable/weak/corrupt governance with new Governor & fragile provincial & district government structures Absence of IOs, NGOs, and civil society organizations

PRT
Organisation, levels of engagement, concept of operations

Polad DOS 1 US TribAD 1

PRT Structure
PRT 4+interpreter 1 S2 3+1 CERP 2 US 7 US S3 4 CIMIC 3 PEP 1 Budfin 1 Aus Lo 2 Aus Health 1 MP 2+2+1 USAID 1US USACE 2 US

DEVAD

DynCorps

Mission Team 1 4

Mission Team 2 4

Mission Team 3 4

Levels of Engagement
NATIONAL : Via HME GOA
Central Ministries Min meeting PDC (starting) PSC ANP AHP NDS NGO’s

PROVINCE : Staff
Ministers/Directors
PDC PSC PCC

Gov

PC

Tarin Kowt Chora Cahar Cineh Deh Rahwood Gizab Khas Uruzgan

DISTRICTS : Staff and MTs POPULATION : MTs
QIPs: Mosques, schools, equipment for agriculture

ANP ANA NDS Chora: Tribal, ANP DRW: District’s chief ANP NDS Chaher Chineh: Shura Khaz Uruzgan: Shura AHP

PRIORITIES
Governance, Security and SocioEconomic Development

Governance and Security Priorities
• Governmental grip
– Ministerial / Directors meeting: improving; more ownership – Developing role for Provincial Council: infant stage; necessity?

Uruzgan is not ready for Western model democracy

• Governmental Command and Control
– Developing chain of command with districts: fractional; no FOM – Provincial Security Committee (PSC): regular and starting joint planning – Provincial Development Council (PDC): first beginnings; secretariat and 4 sub groups

• Security
– Police registering, training and certification: ANAP = promising! Joint operation: PRT – Dyn corps – Provincial Coordination Centre (PCC): developing; quality issues – Starting joint operations; ‘ANSF as colleagues’

Socio-economic Priorities
• • Irrigation: increasing amount of arable land to generate more income – first
projects identified

Agriculture: improvement of crops – fertilisation and improved seeds

counter narcotics: (1) five year plan, (2) GOA officials first, (3) dealers / market next

Infrastructure
• • • • Dept. of Rehabilitation and Rural Development Current: road to Deh Rawod and Oshay USAID CERP Next: road to Chora and to Khaz Uruzgan USACE (AED)

• •

Health: coaching local med personnel to increase Afghan capacity in
conjunction with AHDS; also ANA medics plans soon – Afghan funding available

Education: starting school project in Chora and supporting in TK / DR; bigger

PROJECTS
Past and present

Radio station

Women’s vocational training

Tree nursery

Roads

Both Ghilzai and Durrani branches of the Pashtuns are found in Uruzgan. The province’s strongest tribes are the Pashtun-Durrani tribes: the Populzai, Barakzai, and Achakzai.

Actors within Uruzgan
Dai-Kundi Province

GOA Gov

Helmand River

CF
Ghazni Province

Regional Police Chief

ov in ce

Ministers/Directorsr ka
Pr

Ka

Mullahs
PC PDC
Hota k

PSC
Zabul Province

H

el m

an

i okh T

PCC

d

Tarin Kowt ?

Deh Rahwood

Chora

Gizab

Cahar Cineh

Khas Uruzgan

Helmand River

NDS

Kandahar Province

ANA

Uruzgan Tribal Distribution
ANP AHP

PRT Track 1 and 2
Governance and Justice ‘Above board’: Track 1 ‘Below board’: Track 2

Security and Stability

Track 1 Track 2

Socio-Economic Development

Track 1 Track 2

Achakzai, Alizai, Barakzai Ghilzai: Hotakhi, Tokhi, Kakar Popolzai Panjpai: Nurzai, Alizai, Isaqzai, Babozai Hazara

Parliament Acheckzai Farouq Popolzai Paj Mohammed Acheckzai Gul Barakzai

Matiullah Popolzai

Nabi Khan Tokhi Uncle Tokhi Kandahar

Achakzai, Alizai, Barakzai Ghilzai: Hotakhi, Tokhi, Kakar Popolzai Panjpai: Nurzai, Alizai, Isaqzai, Babozai Hazara

Durrani

Tokhi

Actors within Uruzgan
GOA Gov
PC CF Regional Police Chief

Ministers/Directors

PDC

PSC PCC

Tarin Kowt ?

Deh Rahwood

Chora

Gizab

Cahar Cineh

Khas Uruzgan

NDS

ANA

ANP

AHP

Achakzai, Alizai, Barakzai Ghilzai: Hotakhi, Tokhi, Kakar, Babozai Popolzai Panjpai: Nurzai, Alizai, Isaqzai, Hazara

Durrani

ANP and ANAP

Tokhi

AHP Popolzai

Matiullah?

Babozai leader Babozai leader

?
Matiullah Anti TB Covenant
Achakzai, Alizai, Barakzai Popolzai

Popolzai leader Alekozai leader Barakzai leader Nurzai leader

Ghilzai: Hotakhi, Tokhi, Kakar, Babozai

Panjpai: Nurzai, Alikozai, Isaqzai Hazara

Layers of conflict

Achakzai, Alizai, Barakzai Ghilzai: Hotakhi, Tokhi, Kakar Popolzai Panjpai: Nurzai, Alizai, Isaqzai, Babozai Hazara

Layers of conflict
Durrani

80 KIA ?

Tokhi Hotak

Achakzai, Alizai, Barakzai Ghilzai: Hotakhi, Tokhi, Kakar Popolzai Panjpai: Nurzai, Alizai, Isaqzai, Babozai Hazara

Layers of conflict
Durrani Hadzrat Zabratullah Prof Mudjadeddi

Jamiad Islami

80 KIA ?

Hisb Islami Gulbuddin Hekmatyar

Tokhi Hotak

Layers of conflict
Power Brokers

Communists

Mudjaheddin HIG Jamiad Islami Hadzrat Zabratullah

Wahdad Islami

Harakat Islami

Questions?