Distribution of climbers in Kawang’s Forest Reserve

Hajah Asir, Farah Wahidah S., Siew Hsia B., Man Tien C., Erma Ery Erda S. Universiti Malaysia Sabah, SS10203K
Abstract :  
This report presents the establishment of the biodata base and the investigation of biological diversity of the selected reserve and protected forest at Kawang, Papar in the state of Sabah. We have conductive formative analysis and observation aimed at understanding the biological diversity of the KawangForest Reserve especially the climbers species and to establish the biodata base of this site. In this setting, the ecological investigations are made by studying the study plot of 10x10m permanent plots where the specimen of each species found there are further used to help us develop research in the increase of population and species available in Kawang forest with field identification and taxonomic groups of the flora and fauna in that area.
Species Features Flowers Leaves’s vein Size of leaves (cm)Leaves texture Width Length None None None None none none none Network Parallel None network network network Parallel 5-6 3-7 10-20 2-4 6-8 1-7 8-15 1-1.5 smooth 8 20-30 25 10-30 Description

Table 1.1: the features and characteristics of the climbers species found at Kawang’s

Forest Reserve,

1 2 3 4 5 6 7

Smooth Smooth

Waxy and smooth leaves, thick cuticle leaf Non-woody stem, curly, long leaves, branches leaves Soft young shoot curl up, Type of fern, coil, no leaf, non woody stem

Introduction :


Climbers are dependent, non-flowering plants that basically survive by crawling on tall trees, enable the absorption of sunlight for the species to compete with other plants. The identification of the climbers in the reserve forest is to analyze the adaptations and distribution of this species, its characteristics, as well as the biodata base for the area at which the climbers may develop the increase in its cumulative distribution.

Woody and thorny stem, curly young, woody stem, shoot growing out backwards surface. Thorny stem, waxy surface and smooth, smooth fur and big leaves Furry stem, small leave and furry

Materials and Method

2.1 study area : Situated in Kawang Forest Reserve Class 3 in Kota Kinabalu Forestry District which is about 20km away from the K K city. 2.2 Establishment of plot: A total of 7 plots of 10mx10m were estabished permanantlyby marking of the plots using tags. 2.3 Collection of Specimen: All climbers species were collected in plastic bags and labeled. Identification of climbers were identified

•from figure 1, the distribution of climbers is the highest at 3 different plot; plot 1, plot 4 and plot 6, maximum 2 different species in each plot. •the graph of cumulative distribution shows the increase in population of the climbers in identified studied plots. Continually, the graph still does not reach its saturation point as the distribution is still increasing. There are seven plots being studied in taxonomic identification of the climbers species. Thus, considering this section of limited numbers of plots with the number of different species of the climbers which is seven species, the probability obtained is only 1%. •the size of the leaves of the species shows the maximum size that was obtained is 10-30cm in length and 20-30cm in width. This is mainly influence by the environmental factors in habitats of the leaves. The big leaves provide greater total surface for the plant to absorb greater level of sunlight, water and so on. the 2nd species (name needed) has non-woody character, thus it wont be able to crawl higher than the woody-stem climbers. Thus, it requires great total surface to obtain sufficient sunlight and water to survive in its habitat.


Conclusion References

Figure 1: Distribution of climbers in Kawang’s Forest Reserve, Papar Sabah.