China

Chinese Facts 
Name

Zhong Guo Middle Kingdom  Population-The population of China is over Population1 billion. 94% of the population is known as HAN (ethnic Chinese), but there are 55 national minorities.

Chinese Facts 
Area-The Area-

total area of China is 3,696,032 square miles.  Major Rivers-The two major rivers are the RiversYellow Rives and the Yangtze River.  Climate-Primarily temperate, but varies Climatefrom bitterly cold in north to tropical in south.  Cities-China s two most populous cities are CitiesBeijing, the capital, and Shanghai.

com/od/pronunciati on/tp/audio_clips.htm .Language  Mandarin is the official dialect of the country. although there are many dialects which vary from region to region.about.  http://mandarin.

(Spoken not standardized-different standardizeddialects).Written Language  The Chinese do not use an alphabet. each Chinese word is called a character. .  Each character represents an idea or object .c.  Instead.  Written form was standardized around 200 b.

edu/explore/orthogra phy/chinese2. Examples: http://logos.  Chinese characters are really pictures of things (pictographs) or pictures of ideas.html .  Thousands of characters make up the Chinese Language.uoregon.Written Language cont.

Daily Life  6th CenturyCentury-500 b. then as adults. Confucius teachings were deeply ingrained in Chinese society.  Emphasized that if children obeyed and respected their parents. .  He stressed the importance of family and education. they would respect authority.c.  The virtue or respect towards one s elders is known as filial piety.

Chinese Manners  Showing respect towards others is one of the principle virtues in Chinese society.  Bowing. sit aside and open later.  Ex: both hands should be used to handle items  Receive a gift. as to convey respect to the higher level .  Believe in rules of etiquette and proper behavior.

Manners cont. Your movements may be distracting to your host. use an open palm. . It is considered improper to put your hand in your mouth.      Do not use large hand movements. Avoid acts that involve the mouth. It is highly inappropriate for a man to touch a woman in public. Personal contact must be avoided at all cost. The Chinese do not speak with their hands. To point do not use your index finger.

Gift giving is a very delicate issue in China  The following gifts and/or colors are associated with death and should not be given:  Clocks  Straw sandals  A stork or crane  Handkerchiefs  Anything white. blue or black .

*Bread. . Vegetables are the next most consumed foods. noodles.Food Because of the climates. and rice are main staples. Meat is eaten in small quantities and is often used to flavor food. wheat is grown in the north and rice in the south. Fruits are eaten for snacks and are sometimes served as desert.

Foods cont.        Dog is common in Korean restaurants in Beijing.just as a cow. The dogs used are not pets taken from people's homes but are specially raised for food . Scorpion Mice/Rat meat dishes Cicada Snake meat dishes Starfish Insects . lamb or chicken would be in the west.

Chinese Art      Porcelain Silk Paintings Calligraphy Favorite Subjects in Art         BambooBamboo-Strength and durability Lotus purity and perfection ChrysanthemumChrysanthemum-retirement and life of ease Plum Tree-strength and long life TreePeachPeach-long life CraneCrane-most popular. placed with pine tree. long life BatBat-happiness and wealth FishFish-wealth and abundance .

chinapage.org/10098/china1.Chinese Art  http://www.html Slide Show Chinese Architecture http://library.com/china.h tm#Temples .thinkquest.

Chinese Religion  Different from Western Standards  Christian. Daoism. Muslim or Jewish  Blend of Buddhism. Confucianism. and Local Gods/Spirits .

not on what mankind wants  Chinese relate religion on how to act in such a way that the gods will grant one's wishes. what God intends.Basic Ideas  Humanistic  Contrast  emphasis rather than center it on gods to Western in God s will on Earth is on what God wants. or how to ensure that the gods will do what mankind wants and needs .

Basic Ideas  Focus on good life on earth not afterlife  Perfectibility of Humankind  Harmony and peace with the world and with other people .

Confucianism 6 centuries b. what you do effects everything.c. even generational  Decision making  Compassion  Righteousness  Loyalty  Filial and justice for everyone piety: family.  Everything is seen as relational. country. not one s own wishes  Truthfulness .

 Let nature takes its course  Humankind should discard all contrivance .Daoism  Opposite  The of Confucian stress on ethics and education more education a person had the more you become divorced from the natural way.

Buddhism  The Four Truths  Suffering exists as an inescapable part of life  Suffering has a cause  That cause is desire for things to be different than they are  Suffering is the elimination of desire .

 However. there are a number of major festivals that have a long tradition and are celebrated with much enthusiasm and excitement throughout the country.Chinese Festivals  There are innumerable festivals and celebrations that vary from region to region. .

touch up gravestone inscriptions and make offerings of wine and fruit.  .Ching Ming Festival Also known as the GraveGravesweeping or Spring Remembrance  Chinese families show their respect by visiting the graves of their ancestors to clear away weeds.

Dragon Boat Festival Boat Festival also known as Duanwu Featival.  Dragon .  Main celebration is a boat race and the eating of Zong zi.  Takes place on the 5th day of the 5th month of the Chinese Calendar. (2008(2008June 8th).

Zong Zi .

 The festival is held to commemorate Quyuan. felt very sorrowful about his death.  .000 years ago. an ancient scholar and hero.  Quyuan was a high official of the Chu State who committed suicide by drowning himself in the Miluo River (in today's Hunan province in central China) after knowing the Chu Army had been defeated in a vital battle. They went out in their boats to rescue him or at least to try to find his body.  The local people knowing Quyuan was a good man.Dragon Boat Festival Festival Dates back 2.

com/focus/dragonhttp://www.Chinese Dragon Boat Festival  Images/YouTube clip.chinatravel.chinatravel.com/focus/dragonboatboat-festival/ .  http://www.

On this night. "When the moon is full. the full moon has always represented the gatherings of friends and family.In China. the MidMoon Festival is one of the most important holidays celebrated by Chinese communities around the world. mooncakes. mankind is one" -. MidMidAutumn Festival is a time for family reunions. and eating mooncakes.Moon Festival   Originally named the Mid-Autumn Festival. families will go together to scenic spots and parks for moon appreciation parties. . Thus.

Moon Festival .

The mooncakes held secret messages baked within the skin.chinatownconnection.D. The rebellion was successful and mooncakes were forever kept a national tradition of China. http://www. to other Chinese people. as legends say.A. also the Mid Autumn festival.com/chinese_mooncake_festival.1368 A.D.h tm . Leaders of the revolts distributed mooncakes.. under the pretense of celebrating the emperor's longevity.D) when. informing people to revolt on the 15th of the 8th moon. the Mongols who had established the Yuan Dynasty were too oppressive. and were overthrown by the Chinese with the help of this simple dessert. the Chinese took advantage of this cultural difference and planned a revolt against them. Since Mongols did not eat mooncakes.Moon Festival  Mooncakes earned their popularity during the Yuan Dynasty (1200 A.

        .Chinese New Year The most festive and joyous of all celebrations. Lion Dances are performed. (Between January-March). Red envelopes of money is given for good luck. 15 day celebration Begins of the 20th day of the first moon. JanuaryFamily members gather for a feast. Day to remember ancestors. Firecrackers explode to frighten away evil spirits.

 Accompanied by more explosions of fireworks .Lion Dance  Performed in the street to bands of gongs and drum players.

Chinese New Year    1st day. parents-in- . 3rd day-are for the sons-in-laws to pay respect to daysons-intheir parents-in-law.Welcoming the gods of Heaven and dayEarth . They are extra kind to dogs and feed them well as it is believed that the second day is the birthday of all dogs. Do not eat meat to assure long and happy lives. 2nd day-the Chinese pray to their ancestors as daywell as to all the gods.

Stay home to welcome God of Wealth. Noodles are eaten to promote longevity and raw fish for success.Chinese New Year   5th day-called Poo dayWoo. Pray for fortune and good health.  7th day-birthday of dayhuman beings. Day for farmers to display their produce. 6-10th Day-visit Dayrelatives. friends and temples. .

 14th day-preparations for daythe 15th day.  10th-12th-days that friends and relatives should be invited for dinner. the God of Heaven. day . and at midnight they pray to Tian Gong.  9th day-make offerings to daythe Jade Emperor.Chinese New Year 8th day-family reunion daydinner.  15th day-Lantern Festival.

stories or historical events lanterns beautiful and decorative.15th day-Lantern Festival day    Lantern s display the signs of the Zodiac. they also celebrate and express Chinese history and culture. . The subjects of the riddles are often traditional Chinese songs. Referred as Chinese Valentines-in past only day Valentinessingle women could go out and be seen by bachelors. poems.

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