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Accumulator (energy) an apparatus for

storing energy or power

Capacitor, in electrical engineering.

Electrochemical cell, a cell that stores


electrical energy, typically used in
rechargeable batteries.

Hydraulic Accumulator, an energy


storage device using hydraulic fluid
under pressure
A hydraulic accumulator is an energy storage device.

It is a pressure storage reservoir in which a non-


compressible hydraulic fluid is held under pressure by an
external source. That external source can be a spring, a
raised weight, or a compressed gas.

The main reasons that an accumulator is used in a


hydraulic system are so that the pump doesn't need to be so
large to cope with extremes of demand, so that the supply
circuit can respond more quickly to any temporary demand
and to smooth pulsations
• Description
Fluids are practically incompressible and cannot therefore store pressure energy.
• The compressibility of a gas (nitrogen) is utilized in hydro-pneumatic accumulators for
storing fluids. HYDAC bladder accumulators are designed on this principle, using
nitrogen as the compressible medium.
• The bladder accumulator consists of a fluid section and a gas section, with the
bladder acting as a gas-proof screen. The fluid around the bladder is connected with
the hydraulic circuit, so that the bladder accumulator draws in fluid when the pressure
increases thus compressing the gas. When the pressure drops, the compressed gas
expands and forces the stored fluid into the circuit.

• Bladder Materials
Not all fluids are compatible with
every elastomer at all
temperatures. HYDAC offers the
foilowing choice of elastomers:
• NBR (standard nitrile)
• LT-NBR (low temperature nitrile)
• ECO (epichlorohydrin)
• IIR (butyl)
• EPR (ethylene propylene)
• FPM (fluorelastomer
Cycle time <1minute → adiabetic change in state
Cycle time >3minute → isothermal change in state
Cycle time between1to 3 minutes → polytropic change in state

2 2’

Isochoric
Pressure p

Polytropic

Adiabetic

Isothermal

Gas volume V

Change of state shown in p-V diagram


2 1→2 adiabetic
2→1 adiabetic Application:- Energy storage
Pressure p

1
0
0
Gas volume V
0→2 isothermal (charge)
1 Application:- Emergency function,
2→1 adiabetic (discharge)
Pressure p

Safety function

2
0

Gas volume V
2 0→2 isothermal
2→1 adiabetic Application:- Leakage oil compensation
Pressure p

Volume compensation
1
0

Gas volume V