Session I - Foundation of MIS

Foundation of Management Information System

© Bijendra Suwal

1.1

Management Information System

Session I - Foundation of MIS
Main Objective of Information system

To deliver the right information, at the right time and to the right location to make the right decision

© Bijendra Suwal

1.2

Management Information System

Session I - Foundation of MIS
Main Objective of Information system

‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡

Foundation concept Information Technology Business Application Development Process Management Challenges

© Bijendra Suwal

1.3

Management Information System

4 Management Information System .Foundation of MIS OBJECTIVES of IS ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ Transform your business Revitalize business processes Improve business decision making Gain Competitive advantages Investment (Sources of Revenue)/Cost Cost Cutting (Denominator) Re-generating/Sources of Revenue (Numerator) © Bijendra Suwal 1.Session I .

Session I .Foundation of MIS Information Systems Revolution © Bijendra Suwal 1.5 Management Information System .

Session I .6 Management Information System .Foundation of MIS Information Systems Revolution The Widening Scope of Information Systems Figure 1-8 © Bijendra Suwal 1.

Machine. MIS ‡ IS and Manager¶s knowledge on IS ± re-structuring ± re-engineering ± re-generating (numerator) ‡ Management challenges in adopting IS © Bijendra Suwal 1.Session I .7 Management Information System . Money. Material.Foundation of MIS OBJECTIVES of Chapter 1 ‡ Role of IS in today¶s competitive business environment ± Man.

and distribute information to support decision making and control in an organization Various components necessary for the system to operate ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ Telecommunications Network Technology Data Resource Management Computer Hardware Technologies Computer Software Technologies Human resources 1. process.Session I .8 Management Information System © Bijendra Suwal .Foundation of MIS What Is an Information System? A set of interrelated components that collect (or retrieve). store.

9 Management Information System .Session I .Foundation of MIS WHY INFORMATION SYSTEMS? Data and Information Figure 1-2 © Bijendra Suwal 1.

Foundation of MIS Functions of an Information System © Bijendra Suwal 1.10 Management Information System .Session I .

11 Management Information System . Regenerating ‡ Flattening organizations ‡ Reorganizing work-flows ‡ Increasing flexibility ‡ Redefining organizational boundaries © Bijendra Suwal 1.Session I . Re-engineering.Foundation of MIS New Options for Organizational Design Re-structuring.

Session I .Foundation of MIS Flattening Organizations Information Systems Figure 1-9 © Bijendra Suwal 1.12 Management Information System .

Foundation of MIS Redesigned Work Flow For Insurance Underwriting Figure 1-10 © Bijendra Suwal 1.Session I .13 Management Information System .

Session I .Foundation of MIS Architecture and Infrastructure © Bijendra Suwal 1.14 Management Information System .

Foundation of MIS Types of Information Systems © Bijendra Suwal 1.Session I .15 Management Information System .

16 Management Information System .Session I .Foundation of MIS TYPES OF INFORMATION SYSTEMS © Bijendra Suwal 1.

Foundation of MIS IS Classification by Scope ‡ Functional Business Systems ± support basic business functions ‡ Strategic Information Systems ± support processes that provide a firm with strategic products.17 Management Information System . and capabilities for competitive advantage ‡ Cross-functional Information Systems ± integrated combinations of information systems © Bijendra Suwal 1. services.Session I .

18 Management Information System .Session I .Foundation of MIS Types of Information Systems © Bijendra Suwal 1.

19 Management Information System .Session I .Foundation of MIS Conceptual Framework of IS Knowledge Organization TECHNOLOGY Information Systems MANAGEMENT © Bijendra Suwal 1.

Foundation of MIS Business System and Role of IS © Bijendra Suwal 1.Session I .20 Management Information System .

21 Management Information System .Session I .Foundation of MIS Component of an Information Systems ± Resources and activities © Bijendra Suwal 1.

Foundation of MIS Management Challenges The Competitive Business Environment Four powerful worldwide changes that have altered the business environment: 1. 2.22 Management Information System . Emergence of the Global Economy Transformation of Industrial Economies Transformation of the Business Enterprise The Emerging Digital Firm © Bijendra Suwal 1. 4.Session I . 3.

Emergence of the Global Economy ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ Management and control in a global marketplace Competition in world markets Global work groups Global delivery systems © Bijendra Suwal 1.Foundation of MIS Management Challenges The Competitive Business Environment 1.23 Management Information System .Session I .

and information-based economies Productivity New products and services Knowledge: a central productive and strategic asset © Bijendra Suwal 1.24 Management Information System . Transformation of Industrial Economies ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ Knowledge.Foundation of MIS Management Challenges The Competitive Business Environment 2.Session I .

Foundation of MIS Management Challenges The Competitive Business Environment 3.25 Management Information System . Transformation of Industrial Economies ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ Time-based competition Shorter product life Turbulent environment Limited employee knowledge base © Bijendra Suwal 1.Session I .

Foundation of MIS Management Challenges The Competitive Business Environment and the Emerging Digital Firm 3.Session I .26 Management Information System . Transformation of the Business Enterprise ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ Flattening Decentralization Flexibility Location independence Low transaction and coordination costs Empowerment Collaborative work and teamwork © Bijendra Suwal 1.

Emergence of the Digital Firm ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ Digitally-enabled relationships with customers. and employees Core business processes accomplished via digital networks Digital management of key corporate assets Rapid sensing and responding to environmental changes © Bijendra Suwal 1.Session I .27 Management Information System .Foundation of MIS Management Challenges The Competitive Business Environment and the Emerging Digital Firm 4. suppliers.

Foundation of MIS Management Challenges The Challenge of Managing the New Information Technology Infrastructure ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ Loss of management control Connectivity and application integration challenges Organizational change requirements Hidden costs of enterprise computing Scalability. reliability.28 Management Information System . and security downtime © Bijendra Suwal 1.Session I .

Understand system requirements of global business environment 3.Foundation of MIS Management Challenges 1.29 Management Information System . Design competitive and effective systems 2.Session I . Determine business value of information systems 5. understand and use in a socially. ethically responsible manner © Bijendra Suwal 1. Design systems people can control. Create information architecture that supports organization¶s goal 4.

30 Management Information System .Foundation of MIS Management Challenges and Opportunities © Bijendra Suwal 1.Session I .

customer satisfaction with quality service ‡ a major source to promote effective decision making by managers and business professionals ‡ Managing and using information systems can pose several challenges © Bijendra Suwal 1.Session I . rather a strategic function ‡ an important contributor to operational efficiency. employee productivity.31 Management Information System .Foundation of MIS Summary ‡ IS is no more a tool.

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