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Mrs. Dr.K.JAYASUDHA, M.E, Ph.D.,

Associate Professor ,
Head of The Department,
Department of Civil Engineering,
MRK Institute of Technology.

 M.CHANDIRASEKARAN 822415103007

 S.CHANDRASEKARAN 822415103008

 S.RAJAPRAKASH 822415103047

 E.KALAIYAZHAGAN 822415103704
Leaving the waste materials to the environment directly can cause
environmental problem. Hence the reuse of waste material has been
emphasized. Partial replacement of cement by varying percentage of
marble dust Powder reveals that increased waste marble dust powder
ratio result in increased workability and compressive strengths of the
concrete Marble Dust Powder is settled by sedimentation and then
dumped away, which results in environmental contamination, in
addition to forming dust in summer and threatening both agriculture
and public wellness. In this research work, Marble Dust Powder has
replaced the OPC cement accordingly in the reach of 0%, 5%, 10% and
15% by weight of M-30 grade concrete. Concrete mixtures were
developed, tested and compared in terms of compressive strength to the
conventional concrete. The purpose of the investigation is to analyze the
behavior of concrete while replacing the Marble Dust Powder with
Different proportions in concrete.
Cement, Concrete, Compressive Strength, Marble Dust Powder,
Partial Replacement, Tensile Strength , workability.
 The advancement of concrete technology is reducing the consumption
of natural and energy resources, and reduces the environmental
pollution by the industrial waste .The large amounts of marbles are
generated in stone processing plant which pollute the environment and
effect the humans. The project describes the feasibility of using marble
dust with partial replacement of cement.
 An experimental investigation is carried out to compare the strength
characteristic of conventional concrete with the concrete replaced with
marble powder as partial replacement of cement. The work is carried
out with M30 grade concrete with w/c ratio of 0.45 as a control specimen
and the cement is replaced by marble powder in the range of 0%, 5%,
10% and 15% by weight of cement.
 For all the mixes compressive and split tensile are determined at 28
days. The results of present investigation indicate that marble dust
powder incorporation showed the significant improvements in the
compressive and split tensile and of concrete up to 15% of replacement.
 Marble has been commonly used as a building material since the
ancient times. The industry’s disposal of the marble powder material,
consisting of very fine powder, today constitutes one of the
environmental problems around the world. Marble blocks are cut into
smaller blocks in order to give them the desired smooth shape. During
the cutting process about 25% the original marble mass is lost in the
form of dust. Now a day’s marble waste is one of the causes of
environmental problems around the world. Concrete is the most widely
used construction material in the civil construction work because of its
high structural strength and stability.
 Waste Marble powder can be used to improve the mechanical and
physical properties of the conventional concrete. The possibility of
utilizing waste marble powder as cementitious material in the
production of concrete will also induce a relief on waste disposal issues.
Now a days the demand for cement is quite high in developing countries
owing to rapid infrastructural growth which results in supply scarcity
and increase in the cost of material. If the waste material is used in the
production of the concrete the construction cost decreases .
 To study the influence of partial replacement of cement to concrete
with marble dust powder, and to determine the compressive strength
and tensile strength of concrete .
 To study the effect of use of waste marble dust on the mechanical
properties of concrete.
 To compare the compressive, flexural and tensile strength using WMD
with the given design mix.
 To establish alternative for cement with partial use of WMD in
 The objective of this paper to calculation the possibility of using waste
marble powder creating during cutting and polishing process in marble
industries. In order to again use in cement and concrete production and
adding the marble powder increase the strength properties of concrete.
 To compare the results of normal concrete and partial replacement of
cement by marble dust powder.
 The design of concrete mix is done as per guidelines of
 Grade designation : M30
 Type of Cement : 43 Grade
 Specific Gravity of Cement : 3.15
 Coarse Aggregate : 20 mm Crushed
 Specific Gravity of Coarse Aggregate : 2.68
 Specific Gravity of Fine Aggregate : 2.65
 Slump Required : 25-50 mm
 Min. Cement Content : 350 kg/cubic m
 Max. Water Content : 0.50
1.Target Strength for Mix Proportion:
Standard Deviation S = 5 N/mm square
F ’ck =Fck+1.65 x S
= 30 + 1.65 x 5
= 38.25 N/mm square
2.Selection of water Content:
• Max. Water Content for 20mm aggregate = 186 litres
( From IS 10262:2009).
 Estimated Water Content for 25-50 mm slump = 186 litres
3.Calculation of Cement Content:
 Water Cement Ratio = 0.45
Cement Content = Water Content / Water-Cement Ratio
= 186/0.45 = 413 kg/cubic m
4.Calculation of Coarse and Fine Aggregate and Fine Aggregate :
 From IS : 10262:2009 Table - 3
 For 20 mm size aggregate and Fine Aggregate ( Zone II ) for water-
cement of 0.50 = 0.60
 Here , Water Cement Ratio = 0.40
 Therefore, Volume of Coarse Aggregate is required to be increased for
decreasing the fine aggregate content. as the water - cement ratio is
lower by 0.01 , the proportion of volume of coarse aggregate is
increased by 0.02.
 Therefore, corrected proportion of volume of coarse aggregate for
water-cement ratio of 0.40 = 0.062.
 Volume of Coarse aggregate = 0.61
 Volume of Fine aggregate = 1–0.61 = 0.39
5.Mix Calculations:
a) Volume of Concrete = 1 cubic m
b) Volume of Cement
=Mass of cement / Specific Gravity of Cement x 1/1000
= 413/3.15 x 1/1000 = 0.131 cubic m
c) Volume of Water
=Water Content / Specific Gravity of Water x 1/1000
= 186/1 x 1/1000 = 0.186cubic m
d) Volume of all in Aggregate
= a - ( b + c ))
= 1 - ( 0.131+ 0.186 ) = 0.683 cubic m
e) Mass of Coarse Aggregate
=Volume of all in aggregate x Volume of CA x Specific
gravity of CA x 1000
= 0.683 x 0.61 x 2.68 x 1000
=1117 kg
g) Mass of Fine Aggregate
=Volume of all in aggregate x Volume of FA x Specific
Gravity of FA x 1000
= 0.683 x 0.39 x 2.65 x 1000
= 706 kg
 Mix Proportions :

 Cement : Fine Aggregate : Coarse Aggregate : Water-Cement


 413: 706 : 1117 : 186

 413 / 413 : 706/ 413 : 1117 / 413 : 186

 1 : 1.71 : 2.70 : 0.45