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The Nature of
Organization and Social Culture
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4iversity and Multiculturalism in
Organizations

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4imensions of 4iversity
and Multiculturalism
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Reasons for Increasing
4iversity and Multiculturalism

Changing
_egislation and demographics in
legal action the labor force

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Increased awareness
that diversity
The globalization
improves the
movement
quality of the
workforce
The Glass Ceiling

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˜thnicity

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˜ffects of 4iversity and
Multiculturalism in Organizations
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Managing 4iversity and
Multiculturalism in Organizations
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Organizational Approaches

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Toward the Multicultural Organization
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ßow 4iversity and Multiculturalism Promote
Competitive Advantage

Resource
Cost
Acquisition
argument
argument

Creativity Competitive Marketing


argument Advantage argument

Systems Problem-
Flexibility Solving
argument argument
Characteristics of multicultural
organizationsm
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Multiculturalism in some countries

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Segregation Affirmative Action  


 


nondiscrimination Affirmative Action


  


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focus on numbers critical mass
crisis orientation "racism & sexism are dead"
resistance to proactively residual stereotypes
social issues retention & career
racial & sexual hostility development career
trust disillusionment
technical competence implementing
evaluation accountability role of white
upward mobility male managers new
involvement & accountability backlash issues
dual roles legitimate discussion of
fear of backlash racial & sexual issues
organizational legitimacy constituency
sex & color blindness racism vs. sexism
sex & color exaggeration Affirmative Action and
       
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