A research paper about: Best practices associated with WMS s with comparing 3 Software packages ORACLE WMS MICROSOFT

WMS SmartTurn WMS

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Warehouse Management System
A warehouse management system, or a WMS, is a key part of the supply chain and primarily aims to control the movement and storage of materials within a warehouse and process the associated transactions, including shipping, receiving, putaway and picking. The systems also direct and optimize stock putaway based on real-time information about the status of bin utilization.

Rationale for Warehouse Management 
To achieve economies in transportation by moving higher volumes To obtain quantity purchase discounts To keep a supplier To meet changing market conditions To support JIT programs throughout the integrated logistics system

The Role of Warehouse
A warehouse plays a multifaceted role in the integrated logistics system. It can serve as a transportation consolidation facility: Companies can transport less than loads into the warehouse, consolidate them into full loads, and then transport them out again. Reservoir for production overflow. Known as Stockpiling: Seasonal Production level demand Level Production seasonal demand Product mixing sites: Stock a variety of product lines. Safety valves in plant strikes, supplier stock outs or transport delays. Forestall production line shutdowns by storing additional raw material.

Components of a warehouse
Three basic components of a warehouse are: 
Space
Space allows for the storage of goods when demand and supply are unequal. 

Equipment
Help in product movement, storage and tracking. Types of equipment depends on the type of product and interaction between the equipment and other components of the warehouse. 

People
Most critical component of the warehouse. Space and equipment mean nothing without component people. Individual attention on the special customer requests like final subassembly, specialized packaging, or price marking of shipments.

Basic Functions of a Warehouse

Types of a Warehouses 

Reducing Receiving Efforts EDI capabilities and Advanced Shipment Notification (ASNs) provides a simple solution that can reduce the receiving efforts by 70 percent. Putting a product away A WMS will prioritize hot receipts those that need to be immediately replenished or cross docked -- and help monitor and manage zone congestion. Order selection methods and the allocation process It s best to keep this process simple by reducing the number of selection methods we use and working on a regular schedule. For larger groups of orders, a WMS can select the right assignment size and group orders to optimize pick paths. 

Avoiding an overflowing storage area A WMS applies storage and picking strategies to reorganize the warehouse and free up space. It also identifies opportunities to consolidate product. Product slotting Enabling the warehouse managers to adapt to changing product demands through re-slotting moving product to optimal location, for example as a part of normal picking/put away processes. Picking productivity To Improve picking productivity, it has to be ensured that the product is ready to be picked and use a WMS to slot product based on ergonomics and demand/velocity. A WMS also minimizes travel time, and establishes and monitors key performance metrics. 

Product labeling WMS streamlines, simplifies, and eliminates steps that do not add value. Mapping the processes is a great way to identify unnecessary activities. Replenishment deadlines being met A WMS help us prioritize replenishment tasks, avoid fit problems, and employ the correct replenishment model whether real time, allocation-based, or scheduled zone. 

Accuracy reporting Ensuring accuracy on the front of the process reduce dependence on cycle counts to reduce errors. Standardizing the accuracy reporting, enables leveraging the exceptionally high accuracy rates of the WMS to persuade auditors to agree to more reasonable inventory counting requirements. Improving Productivity With the advanced capabilities of the warehouse software, one has numerous options for improving productivity and gaining better control of our operations.

Number of warehouses
The more warehouses in or near market areas, the higher the customer service levels because goods can be delivered to the consumer faster. As the number of warehouses increases, transportation costs and stockout costs tend to decline, but inventory and warehouse cost increase.

Number of warehouses Cont
Some factors to consider when evaluating the optimal number of warehouses include: The level of customer service required. The number of customers, their location, and buying habits. The amount and type of electronic data interchange (EDI) taking place between producers and consumers
The recent trend is to use fewer warehouses to reduce total costs.

More warehouses mean higher inventory and more frequent, smaller shipments and higher costs.

Warehouse Design
In warehouse design, five inter related variables should be considered. They are:

Warehouse Productivity
There are three approaches to warehouse measurement: Productivity Productivity is the ratio of the real output to the real input. E.g.-- The number of cases handled per labor hour. Utilization Utilization is the ratio of capacity used to available capacity. This could refer to the amount of space used by pallets, the number of employees hours logged, or even the amount of cubic space used compared to the amount available. Performance. Performance is the ratio of the actual output to standard output. Examples could include cases picked per hour versus estimated cases per hour and/or equipment hour run compared to estimated equipment hours.

Warehouse Productivity Cont
productivity measurement is evolutionary process. TABLE Stages in Warehouse Productivity represents the stages in the evolution:

Warehouse Information System 
Information technology EDI, automatic data collection, and radio frequency systems have created advantages in warehousing, including improved customer service, lower costs, and improved operations These advantages come from computer interfaces in receiving, storing, quality control, order picking, error control, packing, and shipping.

Substituting information for real inventory raises service levels :

Warehouse Information System
Technologies used in WISs:

Interfacing with the Enterprise Systems
A Case Study Diageo: Warehouse Management System Integration
Problem - Context Diageo s complex wine and wholesale division in the Republic of Ireland had outgrown its current warehouse facility and so a decision was made to outsource the warehousing operations to a 3rd party vendor. This involved a significant degree of systems integration, interfacing Diageo s IT systems and processes with those of the warehousing supplier. The objectives of the project were: Build a real-time interface between Diageo s IT systems and the 3rd party vendor. The transfer of all stock to the new warehouse while maintaining a quality delivery service and minimum number of stock-out situations. The transfer of staff from Diageo to the external logistic provider. And of course, all of the above to be completed on-time, within budget, and with minimal disruption to Diageo s operations.

Various Reports:
using MAGAYAWarehouse Management Software:-Software:--

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