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Virgínia Barros ✪ Luísa Barros ✪ Maria José Rodrigues ✪ Vanessa Reis Esteves

Virgínia Barros ✪ Luísa Barros ✪ Maria José Rodrigues ✪ Vanessa Reis Esteves

You can speak about


future actions and
events in the
following ways:
1. Present to refer to a scheduled event like a bus,
simple train or flight schedule or a habitual
action.
2. Present be + ing form (gerund) – to refer to an
continuous action which has been decided and
planned and which is expected to occur
in the near future. You can only use it if
you have details like the time or place
when the action is going to occur.
Virgínia Barros ✪ Luísa Barros ✪ Maria José Rodrigues ✪ Vanessa Reis Esteves

3. Will + infinitive to refer to a prediction, a decision


made at the moment of speaking
(in contrast to a planned
decision). In the interrogative
form, it is used to make a
request.
4. Going to + to refer to a future action which
infinitive has been decided but not planned
or for future intentions.
Virgínia Barros ✪ Luísa Barros ✪ Maria José Rodrigues ✪ Vanessa Reis Esteves

Examples 1. The train leaves tonight at 6 pm.


The bus does not arrive at 11 am, it arrives
at 11 pm.
When do we board the plane?
When does the class begin tomorrow?

2. Are you flying by Ryanair tonight?


She’s meeting her cousins on Saturday.
They’re visiting the Middle East next
summer.
Is he starting his new job in the autumn?
Virgínia Barros ✪ Luísa Barros ✪ Maria José Rodrigues ✪ Vanessa Reis Esteves

Examples 3. The Yahoo weather forecast predicts the


weather will change this weekend.
I will go to the supermarket for you, don’t
worry.
Will you play at the charity concert? No
one else can play the piano like you.
I’m afraid Jim won’t be here for the party.
He’s working.
Virgínia Barros ✪ Luísa Barros ✪ Maria José Rodrigues ✪ Vanessa Reis Esteves

Examples 4. The boys are going to practise at the


soccer club during the holidays.
Are you going to buy that lovely dress we
saw at H&M?
It’s going to rain this afternoon. The sky is
very cloudy.
They’re going to offer their teacher some
flowers at the end of the year.
Sylvia’s going to have a baby in December.
There are going to be more floods in the
future because of climate change.
Virgínia Barros ✪ Luísa Barros ✪ Maria José Rodrigues ✪ Vanessa Reis Esteves

PRACTICE
makes perfect!
Virgínia Barros ✪ Luísa Barros ✪ Maria José Rodrigues ✪ Vanessa Reis Esteves

1. Look at Lucy’s diary and make sentences


using the present continuous.

Sunday yoga in the park – 11am


Monday Maths test – 10.30
Tuesday online chat with Beatrice – evening
Wednesday write up Science project
Thursday gym practice
Friday cinema with Celia
Saturday Watch Britain’s Got Talent at Peter’s
Virgínia Barros ✪ Luísa Barros ✪ Maria José Rodrigues ✪ Vanessa Reis Esteves

is doing
1. On Monday she ____________________ a Maths
test at 10.30.
is chatting online
2. On Tuesday evening she _______________________
with Beatrice.
is writing up
3. She ____________________ a Science project on
Wednesday.
is going to the
4. She _____________________ gym on Thursday.
is going to the
5. On Friday evening she _____________________
cinema with Celia.
is watching Britain’s
6. Finally, on Saturday she _______________________
Got Talent at Peter’s.
______________
Virgínia Barros ✪ Luísa Barros ✪ Maria José Rodrigues ✪ Vanessa Reis Esteves

2. Complete the gaps below by saying what you will


do in each situation. Remember to conjugate the
verb in brackets in the future (will + infinitive form).

Example: Oh, I forgot my door keys at the café.


Really? I’ll go and get them.

a. I can’t get this computer to do what I want!


I will lend you
Relax, _________________________ mine. (lend)
b. The baby is crying and I can’t leave the kitchen now.
I will see what is going on
OK. ___________________________.
(see / what / go on)
Virgínia Barros ✪ Luísa Barros ✪ Maria José Rodrigues ✪ Vanessa Reis Esteves

2. Complete the gaps below by saying what you will


do in each situation. Remember to conjugate the
verb in brackets in the future (will + infinitive form).
c. I noticed there isn’t any milk in the fridge and the kids
are coming home from school.
I will go to the supermarket
Don’t worry, aunty, __________________________
(go / supermarket)
d. I need to speak to the doctor but I don’t want to leave
the kids alone.
I will watch the kids for you (watch / kids / for you)
__________________________
e. I don’t know where my iPhone is. I’ve looked
everywhere.
will help look for it. (help / look)
Don’t worry, I _______________
Virgínia Barros ✪ Luísa Barros ✪ Maria José Rodrigues ✪ Vanessa Reis Esteves

3. Circle the appropriate form of the verb in a future


tense in each gap.

a. This summer we spend / are spending our


holidays in England.
b. You’d better take warm clothes, because it is /
is going to be very cold up in the mountains.
c. I’ve run out of butter. Are you going to / Will you
get me some from the supermarket round the
corner?
d. I’ve just heard that Jenny and Tom will have /
are having another baby.
Virgínia Barros ✪ Luísa Barros ✪ Maria José Rodrigues ✪ Vanessa Reis Esteves

3. Circle the appropriate form of the verb in a future


tense in each gap.

e. Their train arrived / arrives at half past four, so


you’d better leave in time to pick them up.
f. Christmas Day is going to fall / falls on a Tuesday
this year.
g. Sally never goes / will never go to university. She
thinks the fees are far too expensive.
h. Don’t worry if you have to work late tonight.
I will pick / am picking up the kids from school at
half past four.
Virgínia Barros ✪ Luísa Barros ✪ Maria José Rodrigues ✪ Vanessa Reis Esteves

3. Circle the appropriate form of the verb in a future


tense in each gap.

i. It is raining / will rain heavily tonight, so take an


umbrella with you.
j. Our new next door neighbours move /
are moving tomorrow morning.
k. Don’t forget John’s parents are coming / come
for dinner tomorrow evening.
l. As usual, the school holidays start / started in the
third week of June this year.