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INTRODUCTION

• Growth population can be closely defined as the


increase in the number of individuals in
a population.
• In Mathematics population growth problems is
often solved by differential equation involving
the population of a certain area that is either
growing or decaying and the time rate of change
of the population (final and initial population).
• We have studied about the growth of student
population in one of the Residential College of
University of Tun Hussien Onn.
PROBLEM STATEMENT
The number of students in Perwira in 2015 , 2016
and 2017 are 412 , 730 and 1020 each.

1.The rate of change of the students in Perwira


before the new contract.

2.The rate of change of the students in Perwira after


the new contract.

3. If Perwira wants open for student to stay for 4


years, did it has enough place for the students?

4. In which year, Perwira will reach the maximum


number of students if follow the contract ?
FILA TABLE
Facts (From given trigger): Ideas Learning Issues Action

The students population in Perwira To identify the differences How to calculate the number of To get the population data for
Residential College number of students in Perwira the students population that stay in last year and this year.
residential college within this Perwira Residential College
year and last year.

The rate of population of Perwira Find the general solution. Use first order differential Obtain the differential equation
equation is given as equation. by using variable saparable.

The accommodation in the From the data that being Use the equation By substitute y= 2044 in the
residential college will reach its calculated we can know in equation .
maximum capacity which year the residental
college will reach its
maximum capacity.

The accommodation in the From the data that being How to identify the actual number By adding more accommodation
residential college can’t collected we can know the of accommodation that are needed in the residential college.
accommodate the new intake increment of the students in within the new intake students in
student. other to build the the residential college.
accommodation in residential
college.
CALCULATION
Solution (1) :
• The number of students in Residental College Perwira is
observed to increase at a rate proportional to the
number of students present before the contract.
• We know that when in 2015 : t=0, y=412

• In order to find k we can calculate using 2017 by substitute


t=2, y=1020
• Thus, having found the rate constant, we find that the
solution to the differential equation that also statisfies the
initial value is the function.

Solution (2) :
• In 2018 there will be a quarter of student will stay in the
college, therefore we know that
• Therefore for year 2018 , the residental college will
have 1299 students.
• As we need to calculate the new k so we need to
calculate the number of students in 2019 :

• Therefore for year 2018 , the residental college will


have 1675 students.
• As the number of students in Residental College Perwira
is observed to increase at a rate proportional to the
number of students present and the rate of students will
also decrease by 75% for years.
• We know that when in 2018 : t=0, y=1299
• Therefore by substituting t=0, y=811,

• In order to find k we can substitute t=1, y=1675


• Thus, having found the rate constant, we find that
the solution to the differential equation that also statisfies
the initial value is the function.

• After finding the equation we can now proceed


to find solution 3 and 4.

Solution (3) :
• If Perwira wants open for student to stay for 4 years, so the
(t) will be 4.
Maximum capacity = 2044
3587 > 2044
• Since 3587 > 2044, hence Perwira is not suitable for students to
stay for 4 years.

Solution (4) :
• Maximum capacity = 2044

• Since t =1.786, hence Residental College Perwira will reach its


maximum capacity in 2020.
SUGGESTION
• The number of student intake per semester into the higher
education institutes need to be taken a closer look by the
Education Ministry.
• To reduce this problem, shorten the two years contract to
one year for the students to accommodate in the
residential college.
• The university also should ensure to have a special board
which responsible for students on renting accommodation
besides the residential college.