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A group of interacting people organized
around common values and is attributed
with social cohesion within a shared
geographical location.

- Community Linkages is interconnection of with each
others and with service providers to bring individuals,
community & agencies together in order to work
together & systematically solve existing and problems
that could not be solve by one group alone
- It's an in/formal agreement between two agencies who
share the same clients so that agencies work together
- Developing, strengthening and sustaining effective linkage
amongst the diverse spectrum of stakeholders in govt.
and outside is crucial aspect for effective service delivery.
 information sharing and dissemination;
 networking;
 recognition and public relations;
 shared responsibility for planning, implementation
and evaluation of programs and services;
 Cooperation or Alliance
 Coordination or Partnership
• Can interconnect together many resources
and strategies
• To enhance effectiveness
• To provide a comprehensive, multifaceted,
and integrated continuum of interventions
Federal / Provincial Departments
Regional, national and international donor agenciesandBodies
RSPs and other NGOs
Local Govt. Municipal Agencies andBodies
Politicians, and influentialetc.
Community –BasedOrganizations


How to Build Linkages
• Community identification

• Community Selection

• Community Participation

• Community Organization

Big Big Challenges
• I know all - you don't know anything.

• I will guide you.

• I will do this and that for you.

• You are not doing it in a right way.

Community Empowerment
• Education- Social motivation

• Skills enhancement/ Social organization

• Capacity Development / Financing / planning /

implementation of Water related activities

• Water use planning /imp/+ Skills+

• Investment Monitoring etc

Building on assets
• Assets are:
– resources for making livelihoods and coping with
– sense of identity and meaningful engagement;
– emancipatory value – by providing us with the capacity
to act;
– catalyst for civic involvement and enterprise
• Benefits:
– Focus: What can we do? vs. What can we not do?
– From “begging” to “leading”
– Communities’ agenda – not donors’ agenda
Identifying priorities
• Only people can voice their priority

• Difficult for technicians:

– Priority often not what we are good at

• Importance of being aware of dynamics in

– Power struggle and discrimination are reality
– Special attention to gender

• No fail-proof approach but:

- Striving for honesty
- Participatory methodology
Control over resources:

• Most common mistakes:

– Give responsibility without resources
– Avoid “political” struggle
• Sustainability
– Transfers alone will not do it
– Mechanisms for local revenue generation
• Pitfall of straw-fire
– Look beyond resources generated through project
– Fiscal transfers and decentralization
– Be careful with expectations

• How can the community be involved.

• A Garden Club
• Community groups such as LSOs, Vos
• School staff
• NGOs, aid agencies
• Local media and publicity outlets
• Raising awareness in the community
• Informal networks
• Expert advice/ collaboration
• Demonstrations
• Information sharing
• Funding, sponsorship prizes
• Help, facilities, supplies, outlets, equipment,
• Holding of Fairs
• Guided tours
• Capacity Building
Partners have something to gain
Expectations are clear.
Both parties understand each other needs.
Both parties know what the goal are.
Both parties have mutual acceptance and respect.
Mapping, documenting and creating community
awareness around various services and schemes
Creating program frameworks for service delivery
Formation of Highly motivated team
Capacity building of staff of partnering agencies
Implementation of Interventions.
Monitoring and Evaluation