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Semana 3:

Optimizacion
Lineal

Teoría de Decisiones
Caso Estudio
Datos
Descripcion de los Objetivos
y Restricciones
To calculate optimized product mix of Red
Canners products to maximize profit.!!

Constraints –
Demand Constraint
Availability Constraint
Quality Constraint

&

Whether to buy more Grade A Tomatoes.??


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Variables de entrada y salida

Toamte Entero
enlatado
Grado A
Jugo Tomate

Tomate Entero
Enlatado

Grado B Jugo Tomate

Pasta Tomate
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Variables de Decision

AC • Peso de Grado A Tomate enlatado

BC • Peso de Grado B Tomate enlatado

AJ • Peso Grado A Jugo de Tomate

BJ • Peso Grado B Jugo de Tomate

AP • Peso Grado A Pasta de Tomate

BP • Peso Grado B Pasta de Tomate


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Función Objetivo

Maximizar Z:
1.48 X (AC+BC) / 18 + 1.32 X (AJ + BJ) / 20 +
1.85 X (AP+BP) / 25 – 180,000.
O
Maximizar Z:
0.0822AC + 0.0822BC + 0.066AJ + 0.066BJ +
0.740AP + 0.740BP – 180,000.
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Restricciones

Restricción de Demanda (del cuadro – 1)


Product Demand Weight Total weight in
Forecast Pounds
Canned Tomato 800,000 18 14,400,000
Juice 50,000 20 1,000,000
Paste 80,000 25 2,000,000

Restricciones
1. AC + BC ≤ 14,400,000.
2. AJ + BJ ≤ 1,000,000.
3. AP + BP ≤ 2,000,000.
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Subjected to:

Availability Constraint
Total tomatoes available = 3,000,000 pounds
Grade A = 600,000.
Grade B = 2,400,000.
Constraints-
1. AC + AJ + AP ≤ 600,000.
2. BC + BJ + BP ≤ 2,400,000.
1
0 Subjected to:

Quality Constraint
Product Min. Quality
Canned (AC+BC) 8
Juice(AJ+BJ) 6
Paste(AP+BP) 5

Constraints(Weighted avg. method)-


1. AC – 3BC ≥ 0.
2. 3AJ – BJ ≥ 0.
3. BP ≥ 0.
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Solution
1
2
Optimum Sloution
1
3 We should buy more.?

We can further
consume
600,000 pounds
of
Grade A
Tomatoes.
Increase in
revenue by
.0903 cents per
pound.