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Native American Literature


-Also called as Indian literature
or American Indian literature.
-where oral and written
literatures of indigenous
people in Americas.
p
Colonial Period
-emerge from the original U.S.
colonies during the period from 1
the late 17oo and was largely
influenced by British writers.
-first native American
who publish his
writings in English
P
Writer:

William Apess-
First Indian to
publish
autobiography
Work :
A son of the
Forest
-The revolutionary Era was
about gathering support for the
Revolutionary war by instilling
pride and patriotism in America
Citizens.
Was an American
polymath and one
of the Founding
Fathers of the United
States.
Work: Poor Richards
Almanack
was an
English-born American
political activist,
philosopher political
theorist and
revolutionary.

Work: Common Sense


THE EARLY NATIONAL PERIOD
-The early national period is a time of
great change and growth for the United
States.
Writers:

1. Washington
Irving- “Father
of American
Literature”
Work:
Rip Van Winkle
2. Edgar Allan Poe-
was an American
writer, editor and
literary critic.

 Work: The Raven



AMERICAN RENAISSANCE
-American Renaissance, also called
New England Renaissance, period from
the 1830s roughly until the end of the
American Civil War in which American
literature, in the wake of the Romantic
movement, came of age as an
expression of a national spirit.
WRITERS:
1.Henry
Wadsworth
Longfellow

-the most popular


American poet in
the 19th century.
2. Harriet Elisabeth
Beecher Stowe
(/stoʊ/; June 14, 1811 –
July 1, 1896) was an
American abolitionist
and author.
Contemporary history
- in English-language
historiography, is a subset of modern
history which describes the historical
period from approximately 1945 to
the present.[1] The term
"contemporary history" has been in
use at least since the early 19th
century.
Writers:

1.
Margaret
2. Henry David
Thoreau

-American essayist,
poet, and practical
philosopher,
EUROPEAN LITERATURE
-
Old English Literature (500-
1100)
 Old English is the language and
literature of the Anglo Saxon

 AngloSaxon ruled England from


450 AD- 1066
Old English
was first oral (with runic
inscriptions) then used
alphabet (with some special
characters) writing on
manuscripts.
The Alphabet (Old English Style)
John Florio (1553–1625)

 linguist and lexicographer


 royal language tutor at the
Court of James I.
 The translator of Montaigne into
English
THE MIDDLE AGES
Known
writers during
this period:
The Renaissance Period
 TheElizabethan
era - is the epoch in
the Tudor period of
the history of England
during the reign of
Queen Elizabeth I
(1558–1603).
Writer:
William Shakespeare
The Jacobean era
refers to the period in
English and Scottish
history that coincides
with the reign of James
VI of Scotland (1567–
1625), who also
inherited the crown of
England in 1603 as
James I
 John Webster (c.
1580 – c. 1634) was
an English
Jacobean
dramatist best
known for his
tragedies The White
Devil and The
Duchess of Malfi,
The Caroline or Car
olean era refers to
the era in English
and Scottish history
during the Stuart
period (1603–1714)
that coincided with
the reign of Charles
I (1625–
1642), Carolusbeing
Latin for Charles.
Henry Vaughan (1621
– 23 April 1695) was a
Welsh metaphysical
poet, author,
translator and
physician, who wrote
in English.
- Silex Scintillans
Commonwealth
period
This period, like the
earlier two
periods,belonged to
the Puritan Age. This
is the period when
there was no
monarch in England.
Thomas Hobbes (/hɒbz/;5
April 1588 – 4
December 1679), in
some older
texts Thomas Hobbes of
Malmesbury, was
an English philosopher
who is considered one
of the founders of
modern political
phiylosophy
-De Cive (On the citizen )
The Age of
Rationalism
WALT WHITMAN
EMILY DICKINSON (1830-1886)
 Unknown as a poet during her
lifetime, she is now regarded by many as
one of the most powerful voices of
American culture.
 Her poetry has inspired many other
writers, including the Brontes. In 1994 the
critic, Harold Bloom, listed her among the
twenty-six central writers of
Western civilisation.
Oliver Wendell
Holmes American
physician, poet, and
humorist notable for his
medical research and
teaching, and as the
author of the
“Breakfast-Table” series
of essays.