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SITE ANALYSIS OF

KANCHIPURAM
CONTEXT
• Introduction
• Connectivity and Accessibility
• Climate: Macro and micro
• Geography
• Topography
• Vegetation
• Soil conditions
• Contours
• Water Supply and Drainage
• Construction techniques and materials
INTRODUCTION: KANCHIPURAM
• Kanchipuram is one of the most-ancient cities of southern India and traces its history to the
2nd century BCE as an early Chola capital. From the 3rd to the 9th century CE, it was
the Pallava capital, and from the 10th to the 13th century, it served as the late Chola
government headquarters. An important Vijayanagar town from the 15th to the 17th
century, it was conquered by Muslim and Maratha armies in the 17th century and by the
British in the 18th century, after which it was twice sacked by the French.
• Throughout its history, Kanchipuram remained an important pilgrimage centre. In its early
years it was a Jain and Buddhist centre of learning, and the
great Hindu philosopher Ramanuja(traditionally dated 1017–1137) was educated there. Now
considered one of the seven great sacred Hindu cities in India, it contains 108 Shaiva and
18 Vaishnava temples. Also a modern centre of learning, it has several colleges affiliated with
the University of Madras in Chennai.
SITE INTRODUCTION
• Location : 40,pattala Street Tollgate, Nethaji Nagar, Kanchipuram, Tamil Nadu
631501, India
• Area: 60000 sq. m or 15 acres
• Ground coverage : 30%
• FAR : 1.2
• Surrounding : Market Place, Residential area from two side
• Nathapettai Lake in North of the side (1.2 km away)
PROPOSED SITE
CONNECTIVITY AND ACCESSIBILITY

• Connectivity: North road (major)– 10 m wide


South road – 7 m wide
East road – 4 m wide
West road – 4 m and 5 m wide
Chennai airport- 57 km away
Kanchipuram junction – 5.8 km away
Kanchipuram bus stand- 4.3 km away
CLIMATE
• Tropical climate
• hot and humid most of the year
• Macro climate
i. Maximum 37.5 C between April and July
ii. Minimum 18.5 C between December
and February
iii. An average of 1400 mm rainfall annually
iv. Both Northeast (October to December)
and Southwest Monsoon
v. Wind direction : North-East
vi. Humidity : 58 % to 84 %
MICRO CLIMATE
i. Due to presence of maximum vegetation
microclimate is greatly affected.
ii. Site is a bit cooler than outer climate.
iii. It is beneficial to the site as outer
climate is more warmer than inner
climate providing thermal comfort.
iii. Humidity of the site is also affected by
Nathapettai Lake in North of the side
(1.2 km away).
iv. Presence of buildings, material of road, traffic
surrounding the site etc. cause a difference between
inner and outer climate of the site because of heat
radiation through different material.
GEOGRAPHY: KANCHIPURAM
• Latitudes : 11ᵒ to 12ᵒ N
• Longitudes : 77ᵒ 28’ to 78ᵒ50’ E
• Bounded by : Bay of Bengal in East
Chennai & Thiruvallur In North
Vellore in West
Villuppuram in South
• Total geographical area : 4393.37 sq. Kms
• Coastline : 57 Kms
• River : Palar
GEOGRAPHY: SITE
• Latitudes : 12.81ᵒ N
• Longitudes : 79.73ᵒ E
• Elevation : 80 m
• Bounded by: Residential area in East and South
Commercial part on front of West
and North
TOPOGRAPHY
• Major part : innumerable depressions; used as irrigation tanks
• Coastal plain slightly elevated
• Straight trend of coastline – development of vast alluvial plain
• Many no. of sand dunes
• Estuarine tidal, mud flats or lagoons salt marsh are coastal landforms.
• Located in seismic zone II; highly prone to earthquake
• Agriculture – prevalent occupation
• Major crops- paddy, sugarcane, groundnuts, cereals and pulses.
VEGETATION
• The site is rich in vegetation.
• Almost 40% on-site vegetation is present.
• Mostly available trees are of Banana trees, coconut trees, neem trees etc.
• Various types of shrubs and herbs are also present on the site in large
amount.
SOIL CONDITION
• Different types of soil conditions:
Red soil, brown soil, mixed soil, black soil, alluvial soil
• Low in nitrogen and potassium
• High in phosphorus
• Status of micronutrients is critical
• Deficiency of zinc, iron and copper at many places.
• Clay with some loam, Clay and sand soil-suitable for construction
• Mixture of stone and gravel leads to inferiority of soil.
WATER SUPPLY AND DRAINAGE

• A Public water tank is present on the south-east corner beside the


proposed site to ensure water availability to the site.
• A drainage with three channels is running under pedestrian on both side
of the road.
• The slope is towards South to east direction.
CONSTRUCTION TECHNIQUES AND
MATERIALS
• Sloppy and tiles roof to allow rain water to be harvested.
• Open courtyard for natural light and ventilation.
• Extended roof to provide shading to the walls and inner space of
varandah.
• Doors aligned in straight line for proper cross ventilation.
• Mud tiles, brick, thatches and blocks are locally available construction
materials.
CONTOURS:KANCHIPURAM
CONTOUR : SITE
THANK YOU