This is the ppt been made by me on beam analysis so you all people can download it and use the contents.
the topics been covered to a limit in the beam analysis ppt along with how do the bending moment occurs in a beam.
Thank you

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This is the ppt been made by me on beam analysis so you all people can download it and use the contents.
the topics been covered to a limit in the beam analysis ppt along with how do the bending moment occurs in a beam.
Thank you

© All Rights Reserved

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BEAM ANALYSIS:-

1. BRIEF DEFINITION ABOUT

BEAM:-

• A beam is a structural member used for

bearing loads basically vertical loads,lateral

loads,shear force and bending moment.

• A beam may be classified into following

Sub Categorees:-

SIMPLY SUPPORTED BEAM:-

A beam whose ends are free to rotate and have no

moment resistance.

FIXED BEAM:

A beam is said to be fixed when its both ends

remains restrained from rotation.

fixed beam gets B.M.D. and S.F.D.

OVER HANGING BEAM:-

A beam is said to be an overhanging beam if it is

exceeding beyond its one support on one end.

The concept of OVER HANGING BEAM will be more

clear from the figure.

OVEHANGING PORTION OF THE BEAM BEGINS..

• CANTILEVER BEAM:-

A beam is said to be a cantilever beam if its fixed at

one end only.

In the eg. case we can understand easily with one

end of the cantilever beam is fixed and on the other

end a load P is acting.

P=Load applied on other end.

DETERMINE THE LOADS:-

The first step in the structural analysis of a beam is

determining the amount of load.

Basically the loads are categorized on 2 basis:-

1. Dead Load = Temporary Loads (i.e. loads from

snow, wind, vehicles, etc.).

2. Live Load= Permanent Loads (i.e. loads from

building materials, furniture, etc.).

CALCULATING THE STRESS:-

There are two types of stresses that are typically

calculated when performing a beam design: Bending

Stress and Shear Stress.

Once all the information has been tabulated the

following equations can be used to determine the

nominal maximum bending stress and nominal

maximum shear stress.

ALLOWABLE STRESS:-

Once the allowable stresses have been located

determining the adequacy of a beam is simply a

matter of comparing the actual stresses to the

allowable stresses. So, a beam is adequate if the

following is true:

bending in the beam occurs with the actions of

loads.

different amt. of loads acting

on a beam results into deflection

3. Fundamental Principles of

Equilibrium:-

The sum of all vertical forces acting on a

body must equal zero.

Fx 0 on a body must equal zero.

Mp 0 point) acting on a body must equal zero.

4. Static Equilibrium:-

An object is said to be in static equilibrium if it is

unable to move because all the forces acting on

it which compensate one another.

Eg:-Design of countless rigid structure(floor

system of an house to enormous suspension

bridge).

IN THE FIGURE WE CAN SEE HOW ON ANY

OBJECT REACTING

FORCES ACTING

OPPOSITE

TO EACH OTHER..

5. Static Equilibrium Condition In

Beam:-

i. The loads (forces) applied to the beam (from the

external forces) is been resisted by the resisting

forces present at the beam supports.

ii. The resisting forces are called the reaction

forces (F&M)..

FREACTING FORCES ; MREACTING

MOMENT

i. We can easily determine from the figure that

how the loading acts into any beam to the

Applied Load

reacting forces.

Reaction Reaction

Force Force

6. Beam Supports:-

The given supports used into any building design

depending upon the type of construction work.

7. Moment:-

i. A moment is created when a force tends to

rotate an object.

ii. The magnitude of the moment is equal to the

force times the perpendicular distance to the

force (moment arm).

M F d F

M

d moment arm

THANK YOU…

SUBMITTED TO:-

MR. ANKIT SIR.

SUBMITTED BY:-

SUYASH PRAKASH SRIVASTAVA.

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