The Great Bombay Textile Mills Strike

A Case presentation

³Collective bargaining is the term used to describe a situation in which the essential conditions of employment are determined by bargaining process undertaken by representatives of a group of workers on the one hand and of one or more employers on the other.Collective Bargaining  According to Dale Yoder.´  .´ In the words of Flippo. which specifies the nature of employee-employer-union relationship. ³Collective bargaining is a process in which the representatives of a labour organisation and the representatives of business organisation meet and attempt to negotiate a contract or agreement.

It is a method of partnership of workers in management    . It is a flexible and dynamic process. It involves not only the negotiation of the contract. The representatives of both workers and management participate in bargaining. It establishes regular and stable relationship between the parties involved. The parties have to adopt a flexible attitude through the process of bargaining. It is a continuous process. but also the administration of the contract.Features of Collective Bargaining  It is a collective process.

thereby. increasing their bargaining capacity as a group. It restricts management¶s freedom for arbitrary action against the employees.Importance of Collective Bargaining Importance to employees  Collective bargaining develops a sense of self respect and responsibility among the employees. Effective collective bargaining machinery strengthens the trade unions movement. Moreover.       . The workers feel motivated as they can approach the management on various matters and bargain for higher benefits. It helps in securing a prompt and fair settlement of grievances. as a result of which the chances for conflicts are reduced. unilateral actions by the employer are also discouraged. It provides a flexible means for the adjustment of wages and employment conditions to economic and technological changes in the industry. It increases the strength of the workforce. Collective bargaining increases the morale and productivity of employees.

Collective bargaining plays a vital role in settling and preventing industrial disputes.Importance of Collective Bargaining Importance to employers  It becomes easier for the management to resolve issues at the bargaining level rather than taking up complaints of individual workers.    . Collective bargaining opens up the channel of communication between the workers and the management and increases worker participation in decision making. Collective bargaining tends to promote a sense of job security among employees and thereby tends to reduce the cost of labor turnover to management.

It provides a method or the regulation of the conditions of employment of those who are directly concerned about them.Importance of Collective Bargaining Importance to society   Collective bargaining leads to industrial peace in the country It results in establishment of a harmonious industrial climate which supports which helps the pace of a nation¶s efforts towards economic and social development since the obstacles to such a development can be reduced considerably.   . The discrimination and exploitation of workers is constantly being checked.

Many workers committed suicide.µ ~ Pandurang Laxman Salvi. Many children went hungry for days and God didn't do anything. 57 . God was on the management side that day and even today he is on their side. Many went to their native places and never returned.The Plight ´The workers lost and the managements won.

³A stigma was attached to our names forever´ .

Chosen as their leader by a large group of Mumbai mill workers. Grew increasingly militant in his political convictions and activism. .Datta Samant-The Black sheep?     He was one of the most prominent union leaders of his time. Had the reputation for putting workers and their interests before politics.

35 rupees for men. in an attempt to force the men back to work unconditionally.A strike was declared in the middle of January. 17 rupees for women²for a ten-hour day. without using their supreme power as head of the British Empire to bring this strike to an end and to secure victory to the just demands of the Bombay workers. .´ The textile workers of Bombay died in the streets from starvation. followed immediately by a lockout on the part of the owners. to be shot down by the rifles of armed police and military. ³The British Labor Government and the British Labor Party have permitted the striking and locked-out mill hands of Bombay to die in the streets from starvation.

Collective Bargaining.     Providing proper bonus and wage increment. Open Communication . Providing proper working conditions to the workers.SUGGESTIONS (From Management¶s point of view) Unbiased attitude towards selection of trade union.

   More scope of mediation.From workers point of view  They shouldn¶t have formed new trade union illegally under the supervision of Datta Samant. . Workers should have asked fair increase in the wages. The workers shouldn't have followed one leader blindly.

abolition of the badli system.mally withdrawn by the leadership so as to protect cadres from getting victimized and workers from getting ousted from the industry in large numbers. They were very much concerned about these immediate demands. the working class must continue its battle       . neither withdrew nor compromised the strike It may sound as though the workers were not concerned about their immediate demands for wage raises.promising on some partial gains and maintaining the fighting strength of the workers. im. and cancellation of the Bombay Industrial Relations (BIR) Act. bound to the uncompromising nature of the struggle. During January and February 1983 the majority of these had been saying that some "sober attitude" should be taken and the strike should be withdrawn by com. Proclaimed that the strike was already over and should be for. but they were not ready to accept defeat if these demands were not fulfilled within a certain time limit and with a certain form of effort. this was not the case.proved working conditions. The new tradition of relentless struggle that they have established means that whether there is partial victory or complete defeat in terms of gaining immediate demands.Comparative Conclusion  The first important thing done by the textile workers' struggle was to change the definition of victory and defeat. The textile workers were upholding and contributing to a new tradition that was pioneered by the workers' movement on a smaller scale in various industries in the recent past.ship. Their leader. The textile workers were overcoming a defeatist tendency within the working class movement: the tendency of withdrawing from conflicts with only small gains and with a false sense of victory based on these gains.

Group Members        Sabuj Biswas Aditya Kaul Samridhi Chaddha Deeparati Mukherjee Gursimran Kaur Abhishek Devgan Priyanka Chawla 38 37 31 33 18 41 47 .

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