You are on page 1of 15

THE MULTI-GRADE INSTRUCTIONAL

PROGRAM (MGIP)
The Concept: MGIP is designed as a means to:
1. provide access to educational opportunity to all
elementary school learners,
2. deliver effective instruction to a class of learners
composed of various grades, ages and capabilities.
The Process:

This technology in teaching depart from the


traditional “one lesson for all grades” and
alternate teaching of different grades.” Rather,
the approach capitalizes on multi-leveled
instruction.
Stages:
a. Pre-assessment
d. Evaluating instruction by levels
b. Grouping of learners
e. Providing for remediation or enrichment
c. Providing instruction to individuals/groups
f. Providing multi-leveled home assignments
utilizing multi-leveled materials
What is a Multi-grade Class?

It is any class composed of learners of two or


more grades recited in one classroom with only
one teacher.
Beliefs About Learning

1. Learning is personal, purposive, self-motivated


and continuous.
2. Learning requires the active participation of
the learner;
3. Learning requires that materials be
appropriate to the learner’s development
level.
4. Learning requires that the learner be the
director, not the receiver.
What is Multi-leveled Teaching?
Multi-leveled teaching is the main feature in multi-grade instruction.
Since learners in a multi-grade class vary greatly in capabilities,
teaching should cater to these differences.
Careful diagnostic activities must be done to determine the
performance level of each learner on specific learning competencies.
The result of these diagnostic activities are the main bases for grouping
learners.
To facilitate teaching, learners can be grouped according to
performance levels. Learners belonging to very close levels based on
the diagnostic test are placed in one group for ease in teaching.
A limit of three groups for the entire class is often necessary and to
make materials preparation and teaching easy.
Special interventions utilizing specific materials are provided to
learners whose levels are either way above or far below the levels of the
other members of the class.
How are Multi-leveled Materials Prepared?
You can have it photocopied or mimeographed, a
multi-leveled material. In communities where paper
and other commercial materials are scarce, a multi-
grade teacher may prepare visual materials, practice
exercises or realia from indigenous materials like
coconut shells, sea shells, dried leaves and others.
These materials can be stored for a long time,
reused as needed or replaced when necessary.
What Characterize a Good Multi-grade Classroom?
1. It should be rich in varied, multi-leveled instructional materials.
a. practice exercises
b. activity sheets
c. drill cards
d. modules
2. materials are based on the MLC, taken from the varied resources such as
books, supplementary materials, magazines, etc.
3. materials should cover the required skills for the grades with provision of
materials for the advance and slow learners.
4. It allows for physical movement of learners with chairs and tables that can be
moved for individual or group activities.
5. Classroom scheduling is flexible.
6. Classroom is characterized by a with variety of activities progressing
simultaneously with learners directing many aspects of their own learning.
7. Classroom displays learner’s work and on going activities from time to time.
MULTIGRADE PROGRAM
IN THE PHILIPPINE
EDUCATION (MPPE)
Multigrade teaching as a Philippines
national strategy to improve access to
and the quality of primary schooling
was formalized with the launching of
the Multigrade Program in Philippine
Education (MPPE) in 1993.
The MPPE aims to improve quality
by increasing teachers’ abilities to
work with more than one grade
simultaneously through training and
instructional materials.
The MPPE programme works in
five areas:
1. curriculum and materials development
2. staff development
3. physical facilities
4. community support
5. research, monitoring and evaluation.
It has developed the following tools:
1.A guide for minimum learning
competencies for multigrade classes
2. A budget of work and lesson plan for
multigrade teachers to follow
3. a handbook for teachers with sample
lessons
4. materials to be used at different
grade levels within the same classroom
5. other instructional materials such as a
100-book library, drill cards, and other
teacher-made materials.
References:

Embracing Diversity: Toolkit for


Creating Inclusive, Learning-Friendly
Environments Specialized Booklet 4
Published in 2015 by the United
Nations Educational, Scientific and
Cultural Organization