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L A N G UAG E T E S T I N G

AND ASSESSMENT
GROUP 2
TRAN HOANG PHUC
NGUYEN PHAM DIEM TRAM
PHAM PHUONG THAO
TRAN NGOC YEN NHI
TRAN CHAU THY
PERIOD OF TIME:
15 TH , 16 TH CENTURY

• People: King Henry V


• Name: The Beginning
• Ways of assessment: Began
• Teaching method: was in its fantancy
1913

• People: Cambridge Assessment English


• Name: First Modern Standardized Test
• Ways of assessment: Certificate of
Proficiency in English examination was
started
• Teaching method: Direct Method
1950 S
• People: Pre-Lado Period
• Name: Pre-scientific
• Ways of assessment: An era of BEHAVIORISM,
focused on:
- Phonological, grammatical and lexical contrasts
between two languages
- The accurate and error-free reading, writing and
translating ability of learners and also their
ability to remember vocabulary in the target
language
• Teaching method: Grammar - Translation
Behaviorism
1960 S
• Approach: The pyschometric-structural approach
• Testing:
Discrete-point multiple choice tests: Language is
broken into components and tested separately
(e.g: reading, grammar, phonology..)
The main design principles for these tests based
on behaviourist psychology (language learning is
a habit formation) and structuralist theories in
linguistics → Teaching method: Behaviourism.
• Representatives: Lado (1961), Valette (1967),
Harris (1969), and Heaton (1975)
1970 S
• Approach: Integrative Approach
• Testing: Tests focus on several competencies
e.g: writing a composition, cloze text, dictation,
so that learners can use language communicatively
and appropriately in a given social situation.
The principles for these tests are influenced by
cognitive psychology and learning theories. →
Teaching method: Cognitivism / Mentalism
• Representatives: Munby (1978)
Hymes (1972)
1980 S
• Approach: Communicative Approach
• Testing: communicative language testing-
emphasized on testing both, competence
(grammatical, sociolinguistic, discourse and
strategic) and performance of the learner .
The claim is that language is learned best
when the students try to communicate (i.e., to say
something that they really want or need to say =>
Communicative language teaching)
• Representatives: Cziko (1982)
Canale and Swain (1981-1983)
Cummins (1979 - 1983)
1990 S

• Approach: Performance assessment


• Testing: a test must take into account and
measure linguistic, sociolinguistic,
discourse, and strategic competences
• Representatives:
Bachman (1990,1996)
Palmer (1996)