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A CASE STUDY ON SEWAGE


TREATMENT PLANT AT CCC
NASPUR MANCHERIAL.

Under the esteemed guidance of


Mr. M.SHIVA RAMAKRISHNA
Asst. Professor
BACHELOR OF TECHNOLOGY
In
CIVIL ENGINEERING
BY

MOHD FAIZAN HT.No: 13S41A0140

SHAIK ABDUL RAHEEM HT.No: 13S41A0153

T.SAI KIRAN HT.No: 13S41A0156

J.NADIYA HT.No: 14S45A0105

M.NITYANJANI HT.No: 14S45A0110

N.SRIMAN VARMA HT.No: 14S45A0111


INTRODUCTION

i. SEWAGE

ii. GENERATION OF SEWAGE

iii. DOMESTIC SEWAGE

iv. SEWER

v. INDUSTRIAL SEWAGE
INTRODUCTION
SEWAGE: Liquid waste from house hold and industry also known as trade
waste is considered sewage or wastewater as well

Sewer: the underground connection or drains through which is sewage is


conveyed are know as sewer "Sewerage" on the other hand refers to the
system of pipes, pumping stations and treatment facilities that collect and
treat sewage

Sewerage: Sewerage is the infrastructure that conveys sewage. It


encompasses components such as receiving drains, manholes, pumping
stations, storm overflows, and screening chambers of the combined sewer or
sanitary sewer. Sewerage ends at the entry to a sewage treatment plant or at
the point of discharge into the environment.
GENERATION OF SEWAGE: generation of sewage includes the
collection of waste water generated.

Types Of Sewages

There are two types of sewages

1) Domestic sewages
2) industrial sewages
Types of sewage

Domestic sewage: the waste water from residences and


institutions, carrying body wastes (primarily feces and urine)
, washing water , food preparation wastes, laundry wastes,
and other waste products of normal living are classed as
domestic sewage.

Industrial sewage: liquid carried wastes from stores


and service establishments serving the immediate
community, termed commercial wastes, are included in
wastes that result from an industrial process such as the
production or manufacture of goods are classed as industrial
waste water
Water demand
Sl Type of building Consumption
no LPCD
1 Factories where bath rooms are required to be provided 45 per head
2 Factories where no bath rooms are required to be 30 per head
provided
3 Hospital (including laundry) : 340 per head
4 Nurses’ homes and medical quarters 135 per head
5 Hostels 135 per head
6 Hotel 180 per head
7 Offices 45 per head
8 Restaurants 70 per head
9 Cinemas, concert halls and theatres 15 per head
10 Schools
11 Day school 45 per head
12 Boarding school 135 per head
LAYOUT OF SEWAGE TREATMENT PLANT
DATA CONSIDERED FOR DESIGNING

a) Capacity of sewage treatment plant :- 3MLD

b) number of quarters served:- 4000

c) population of colony:- 20,000


 
PRELIMINARY TREATMENT

Inlet chamber: Preliminary treatment is required to remove the coarse solids


and other large materials from raw wastewater.
EQUALIZATION TANK

Equalization tank is provided for collecting raw wastewater from all the sources
Raw sewage collection sump -6.50m X 2.00LD
 EFFLUENT TRANSFER PUMP

 Effluent Transfer Pumps (3 No’s with one as 100% standby) are provided to transfer
wastewater from equalization tank to aeration tank. . The flow to aeration tank has to
be regulated at 7500 ltrs/hr.
 BARSCREEN CHAMBER

This unit is designed for the removal of floating particles and debris present in the
Raw wastewater.
Dimensions: 3.20m X 0.60m X 0.70 Ld
GRIT SEPARATOR

The size of the grit separator is 0.60m X 0.70m Liquid depth


 
 grit separater: is the second unit operation used in primary treatment of
wastewater and it
intended to remove suspended inorganic particles such as sandy and
gritty matter from the
wastewater.

 The grit separater is used to remove grit, consisting of sand, gravel, cylinder,
or other heavy solids materials

The suspended solids settled in primary sedimentation tank, being organic matter,
requires further treatment before disposal.
PARTIAL FLUME
USES OF PARTIAL FLUME
It will calculate the velocity of sewage water coming from sump tank

The partial flume is connected with a device with that we know the velocity of the flow

. The dimensions of the partial flume is 3.70m X 1.30m X 1.60m.

. It will separate the sewage water to different aeration tanks .

It may called as the ‘V’ notch.


AERATION TANK:
PROCESS OF AERATION TANK:

 The organic matter in the wastewater is biodegraded aerobically in the aeration tank

 The west water result in production of excess biomass (sludge)

 Air for aeration in the tank shall be supplemented by means of a blower.

 The process oxygen transfer takes place by molecular diffusion

through the interface film between air and liquid and increases in proportion

to the interface area.


Dimensions: i)number of units – 2,size:-27.40m X 13.7m X 3.00m Ld
AERATION TANK:
SECONDARY CLARRIFIER
SECONDARY CLARIFIER

 The size of the secondary clarifier is 18.10m dia X 2.75m liquid depth

 volume is 707.66m3
 
 Ease in operation and maintenance
 
 Operator skills required are minimal
 
 Lower energy requirements
 
 No clogging or chocking of the media
SLUDGE SUMP
SLUDGE DRYING BEDS
DIMENSION OF SLUDGE DRYING BEDS

Sludge drying beds is an area it is used to dump the waste material


comes from secondary treatment . this waste material is also used for
crops as a pesticides this procedure takes approximately 6 months.

i. Number of units :- 6Nos

ii. The size of the sludge drying beds :- 16.00m X 7.00m X


1.20m depth

iii. Serving time :- each bed is seven days.


CHARACTERISTICS OF RAW SEWAGE

Sl.no CHARACTERISTICS OF RAW SEWAGE


1. pH 6.5 – 8.5
2. BOD >30 mg/ltr
3. COD >250 mg/ltr
Results
 Estimation of COD in the given water sample are as follows:
SL.NO DATE CHARACTERISTI CHARACTERISTI
CS OF RAW CS OF TREATED
SEWAGE WATER
COD COD

1 18/08/2016 46.4 39.0

2. 19/08/2016 44.8 37.3

3. 20/08/2016 42.6 36.4


Results
 Estimation of BOD in the given water sample are as follows:

Sl.no DATE CHARACTERISTI CHARACTERISTI


CS OF RAW CS OF TREATED
SEWAGE WATER

BOD BOD

1. 18/08/2016 24.0 10
2. 20/08/2016 29.8 16
CONCLUSION

In this process the sewage is treated by naturally without adding any chemicals
and using this treated water for the purpose of gardening, agriculture and
pumping to nearest lakes for improvement of ground water table . The
wastage comes from this process can be converted into natural pesticides
which can be used in Agriculture purpose. This is the process of Sewage
Treatment.

Based on the study and analysis, the following conclusions can be drawn:

The entire plant is virtually of less maintenance cost.


The system of treatment used in this plant is Extended Aeration Treatment.
Required special operational skilled officers.
Total connected load for each aeration tank is about 12.5 hp.
The system is rugged and easy to operate and maintain.
At all critical points stand – by provision is adopted.