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Area,

Area, Perimeter,
Perimeter, and
and
Volume
Volume
Perimeter of a Rectangle
• The perimeter is the distance around
a figure.
• The formulas are:
P = 2L + 2W
15 in.
P = 2 (L + W)
• Measured in single
8 in.
units.

P = 2(8 in.) + 2(15 in.) P = 2 (8 in. + 15 in.)


P = 16in. + 30 in. P = 2 (23 in.)
P = 46 in. P = 46 in.
Perimeter of a Square
• The perimeter is the distance around
a figure.
• The formula is:
P = 4s
• Measured in single
units.
P = 4s
P = 4(9in.) or 4 x 9 in.
9 in.
P = 36 in.
Perimeter of a Triangle
• The perimeter is the distance around
a figure.
• Add up all three sides. P = A + B + C
• Measured in single
units.
5 inches 5 inches
P=A+B+C
P = 5 in. + 5 in. + 5 in.
P = 15 in. 5 inches
Area of a Rectangle

• The number of square units needed


to cover the surface of a figure.
• The formula is: A = L x W
• Area is measured in square units.

9 in.
A=LxW
A = 14 in. x 9 in.
14 in.
A = 126 square in.
Area of a Square
• The number of square units needed
to cover the surface of a figure.
• The formula is: A = s² or A = s x s
• Area is measured in square units.

A = s² A=sxs
A = 6 in.² A = 6 in. x 6 in.
6 in. A = 36 sq. in.A = 36 sq. in.
Area of a Triangle
• The number of square units needed
to cover the surface of a figure.
• The formula is: A =½bh or A = bh
2
• Area is measured in square units.

A =½bh
5 in. 5 in. A = ½(5 in. x 4 in.)
4 in. A = ½ (20 sq. in.)
A = 10 sq. in.
5 in.
Area of a Circle
• The number of square units needed
to cover the surface of a figure.
• The formula is: A = πr²
• Area is measured in square units.

A = πr²
r=4 cm
A = (3.14)(4cm) ²
A = (3.14)(16cm²)
A = 50.24cm²
Volume of Rectangular
Prism
• The volume is the amount of space
occupied by a three-dimensional
object.
• The formula is V = L x W x H
• Volume is measured in cubic units.

5 in. V=LxWxH
V = 5 in. x 2 in. x 5 in.
2 in. V = 10 sq. in. x 5 in.
5 in.
V = 50 cubic in.
Volume of Triangular Prism
1. How big is a Toblerone box (triangular prism) if its
triangular side has a base of 3 cm and a height of 4.5
cm and the box’s height is 25 cm?
V=bh/2 H
= [(3 cm)(4.5 cm)/2][25 cm]
= 168.75 cm³
Square-based pyramids
• Volume = 1/3 x (side of base)2 x
height of pyramid
• (V= 1/3 s²h)

V= 1/3 s²h
V= 1/3 (4cm)²(3cm)
V = 1/3 (16cm²)(3cm)
V = 1/3 (48cm³)
V = 16cm³
Rectangle-based pyramid
• Volume=1/3 x length of the base x
width of the
base x height of pyramid
• (V=1/3 lwh)

V=1/3 lwh
V = 1/3 (10in)(8in)(6in)
V = 1/3 (480in³)
V = 160in³
Triangle-based pyramid
Volume of Cylinder
• The volume is the amount of space
occupied by a three-dimensional
object.
• The formula is V = πr²x L
• Volume is measured in cubic units.
V = πr² x L
V = (3.14)(5cm)² x 10cm
V= (3.14)(25cm²) x 10cm
V = 78.5cm² x 10cm
V = 785cm³
You try some
• What is the perimeter of the
following shape?

P = 20 cm.
4 cm.

6 cm.
What formula do you use to
find the area of the
following figure? What
units do you use?

Formula: A = L x W
Units: square units
What formula do you use to
find the perimeter of the
following figure? What
units do you use?
Formula: P = 2(L +
W) or 2L + 2W
Units = single units
What formula do you use to
find the perimeter of the
following figure? What
units do you use?

Formula: Add up
all the sides
Units: single units
What formula do you use to
find the area of the
following figure? What
units do you use?
Formula: ½ bh or bh
2
Units: square units
What formula do you use to
find the area of the
following figure? What
units do you use?

Formula: A = s²
Units: square units
What formula do you use to
find the perimeter of the
following figure? What
units do you use?

Formula: P = 4s
Units: single units
What formula do you use to
find the volume of the
following figure? What
units do you use?

Formula: V = L x W x H
Units: cubic units
What is the area of the
following shape?

8 cm 8 cm
5 cm

10 cm

A = 25 sq. cm.
What is the area of the
figure?

10 ft

25 ft.

A = 250 sq. ft.


What is the perimeter of
the following figure?

15 yards

8 yards

10 yards

P = 33 yards
What is the volume of
the following figure?

8 m.

3 m.
10 m.

V = 240 cubic meters


What is the area of the
square?

9 cm

A = 81 square cm
What is the perimeter of
the square?

10 cm

P = 40 cm
What is the volume of
the figure?

5 in.

5 in.
5 in.

V = 125 cubic inches


What Goes In The Box ?

(1)

7cm

5 cm

14cm 490cm3
(2)

3.4cm

39.3cm3

3.4cm

3.4cm

(3)
3.2m

2.7m

8.9 m
76.9 m3
9cm
(4)

5 849.82cm3
23cm

66cm3

(5)