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Obstetric terminology

Prepared by:

Dr. Gehanath Baral


MBBS,DGO,MD
Senior Consultant Gynecologist & Obstetrician: Government of Nepal
Visiting Professor: CTGU
20th March,2007
Lie
 Lie=Rellation of long axis of fetus to
the long axis of maternal vertebral
collumn or uterus.
1. Longitudinal cephalic or breech
2. Oblique
3. Transverse
Longitudinal
Oblique
Transverse
Presentation
 Presentation= Part of the fetus that
occupies the lowerpart of the uterus
1. Cephalic
2. Breech
3. Shoulder
4. Cord
5. Compound
Presenting part
 Presenting part= Part of the
presentation that overlies the
internal os.
1. Cephalic Vertex, Brow, Face
2. Breech Complete Br.=Flexed
Frank Br.=Extended
Footling Br.=Foot
Attitude
 Attitude=Relation of different parts
of the fetus to one another
1. Flexed vertex
2. Deflexed
3. Partially extended brow
4. Extended face
Attitude
Denominator
 Denominator=Assumed bony fixed
point on the presenting part which
relates with different quadrants of
maternal pelvis.
1. Vertex occiput
2. Face  mentum
3. Breech  sacrum
4. Shoulder  acromion
Position
 Position=Relation 1. Occiput
of denominator to ROA,LOA,LOP,ROP
different quadrants
of the pelvis 2. Mentum
Rt. Or Lt. RMA,LMA,LMP,RMP
+
(Denominator) 3. Sacrum
+ RSA,LSA,LSP,RSP
Ant. Or Post.
Positions
Fetal skull: Areas/Diameters
Areas of skull Diameters
 Vertex  BPD
 Brow  Bitemporal
 Face  Bimastoid
 Sinciput  Bis-acromial
 Occiput  Suboccipito-bregmatic
 Fontanelle  Mentovertical
 Bregma  Submentovertical
 Submento-bregmatic
Skull areas
Skull diameters
Pelvic measurement
 Pelvic
measurement
1. inlet
2. cavity
3. Outlet
 Moulding
 Caput
Caput