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Vaccination guideline

WHO
International travel and health 2007

http://www.who.int/immunization/documents/positionpapers_intro/en/ind
ex.html

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TT in Pregnancy

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Vaccination in pregnancy

1. Vaccines that are safe and will protect both mother and fetus can be
given during pregnancy

2. Killed or inactivated vaccines, toxoids and polysaccharides can generally


be given during pregnancy, as can oral polio vaccine.

3. Live vaccines like Measles,Mumps,Rubella, BCG, Varicella and Yellow


fever vaccines are contraindicated.

4. Yellow fever vaccines:-


– The risks < benefits
– After the sixth month of pregnancy when the risk from exposure is
deemed greater than the risk to the fetus
– Advise not to travel to areas where there is a risk of exposure to
yellow fever.

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Vaccination in pregnancy
(alive vaccine)
1. BCGa No

2. Measlesa No

3. Mumpsa No

4. Rubellaa No

5. Varicellaa No

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Vaccination in pregnancy
(alive vaccine)

1. Cholera Yes, administer oral inactivated vaccine if indicated

2. Hepatitis B Yes, administer if indicated

3. Meningococcal disease Yes, administer if indicated

4. Poliomyelitis OPVa Yes, administer if indicated

5. Tetanus/diphtheria Yes, administer if indicated

6. Rabies Yes, administer if indicated


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Vaccination in pregnancy
(alive vaccine)
1 Hepatitis A Yes administer if indicated Safety not determined

2 In some circumstances –
Influenza Yes administer if indicated consult a physician

3 JE ? Safety not determined

4 IPV Yes administer if indicated Normally avoided

5 Typhoid Ty21aa ? Safety not determined

6 Yellow fevera Yes administer if indicated Avoid unless at high risk

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Vaccine Contraindications
1 All Previous Anaphylactic reactiona Current serious illness

2 MMR, BCG, live Pregnancy, Severe immunodefi ciency


JE, varicella

3 Yellow fever Severe egg allergy, Severe immunodefi ciency (from medication, disease or
symptomatic), Pregnancy, HIV infectionb

4 BCG HIV infection

5 Influenza Severe egg allergy

6 Pertussis- Anaphylactic reaction to a previous dose


containing Delay vaccination in case of evolving neurological disease (e.g. uncontrolled epilepsy
vaccines or progressive encephalopathy).

a Generalized urticaria, diffi culty in breathing, swelling of the mouth and throat, hypotension or shock.
b In many industrialized countries, yellow fever vaccine is administered to individuals with symptomatic HIV
infection or who are suffering from other immunodefi ciency diseases, provided that their CD4 count is at least 200
cells/mm3 and if they plan to visit areas where epidemic or endemic yellow fever actually occurs.
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International certificate of vaccination or prophylaxis

This is to certify that..................................., date of birth .............................,


sex ..............................., nationality ............................................., national
identification document, (if applicable)....................................., whose signature
follows …………………………………................................................ has on the date
indicated been vaccinated or received prophylaxis against …………………. in
accordance with the International Health Regulations.
Vaccine or Date Signature and Manufacturer Certificate Official stamp
prophylaxis professional and batch no. valid for
status of of vaccine from… administering
supervising until… center
clinician

This certificate is valid only if the vaccine or prophylaxis used has been approved by the World Health
Organization.

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