SCIENCE HOLIDAY HOME WORK

PROJECT Done by R.MONA PATTU IX µB¶

I.TOPIC:ANIMALS AND PLANTS IN I.T .

ecosystems. The objectives of this PowerPoint information about wildlife and environment among the campus residents. These are : (1) open grasslands (2) wetlands (3) thick forest patches and (4) patches of scrub jungle . The Guindy National Park and IIT Campus come under Tropical Dry Evergreen Forest type . The IIT Madras campus was carved out of a natural forest that formed part of the Guindy National Park.the least common vegetation type seen in India.OBJECTIVE OF THIS POWERPOINT ‡ In these pages we present to you a glimpse of the natural heritage of the IIT Madras campus in the form of its varied flora and fauna. The campus can be considered as an ideal example for the co-existence various types of mini .

Its antlers. Its lifespan is around 20±30 years. . Its coat is reddish fawn.5 ft). and its under parts are white. It stands about 90 cm (3 ft) tall at the shoulder and masses about 85 kg (187 lb). are usually three-pronged and curve in a lyre shape and may extend to 75 cm (2. marked with white spots.ABOUT ANIMALS ‡ CHEETAL(Spotted Deer) ‡ It is the most common deer species in Indian forests. which it sheds annually.

although They are oviparous. and well-developed limbs. Most species are terrestrial. laying from 7 to 37 eggs . They have a more distinctive upper set of teeth to intimidate their predators when in danger some can be as small as 12 centimeters in length.ANIMALIA ‡ MONITER LIZARD ‡ Monitor lizards. but arboreal and semi-aquatic monitors are also known. powerful tails and claws. also known as biawak or goannas. They have long necks. Almost all monitor lizards are carnivorous.

ANIMALIA ‡ BLACK NAPED HARE ‡ The Indian Hare (Lepus nigricollis). also known as the Black-naped Hare. is a common species of hare found in South Asia .

to the male Mandrill. The 264 known extant monkey species represent two of the three groupings of simian primates (the third group being the 22 species of apes). Monkeys are generally considered to be intelligent and.3 ft) long and weighing 35 kilograms (77 lb) . at 140 to 160 millimetres (5±6 in) long (plus tail) and 120 to 140 grams (4±5 oz) in weight. monkeys usually have tails. All primates that are not prosimians or apes are monkeys.ANIMALIA ‡ ‡ MONKEYS A monkey is any cercopithecoid (Old World monkey) or platyrrhine (New World monkey) primate. unlike apes. almost 1 metre (3. Monkeys range in size from the Pygmy Marmoset.

Genetic evidence indicates that the Galidiinae are more closely related to other Madagascar carnivorans in the family Eupleridae. are also frequently referred to as "mongooses".9 oz). at 4 kg (8. Mongoose range in weight from the squirrel-sized Common Dwarf Mongoose. to the cat-sized White-tailed Mongoose. . which is the closest living group to mongooses. which were previously classified in this family. ranging from 1±4 feet (0. Four additional species from Madagascar in the subfamily Galidiinae.8 lb). There are more than thirty species.30±1.ANIMALIA ‡ ‡ MONGOOSE Mongooses (Herpestidae) are a family of 33 species of small carnivorans from southern Eurasia and mainland Africa. at 280 g (9.2 m) in length.

though it has also been introduced in Texas and Argentina.ANIMALIA ‡ ‡ BLACK BUCK Blackbuck (Antilope cervicapra). while females are fawn coloured with no horns [2]. as the male bucks are a distinctive black and white and have long twisted horns. and Pakistan. 'Antilope' from 'anthalops' (Greek) a horned animal. and also in some parts of southern Nepal. Krishna Mrigam is a species of antelope found mainly in India. 'cervicapra' from 'cervus' (Latin) a deer and 'capra' (Latin) a she-goat [3] . It is one of the fastest of all terrestrial animals reaching to speeds of up to 80 km/h and is one of the few antelopes where males and females have distinctive coloration. In its scientific name Antilope cervicapra.

and has become feral in many of those environments. It is a hunter of small mammals. which has been introduced to every habitable continent and most of the world's larger islands. the western part of Asia. Sometimes included is the ubiquitous domestic cat (Felis silvestris catus). birds.ANIMALIA ‡ ‡ WILD CATS The wildcat (Felis silvestris) is a small cat (Felinae) native to Europe. . There are several subspecies distributed in different regions of the world. and other creatures of a similar or smaller size. and Africa.

ANIMALIA ‡ BATS ‡ A bat is a flying mammal in the Chiroptera order. . They are also known as flying foxes.

Many species of snakes have skulls with many more joints than their lizard ancestors. carnivorous reptiles of the suborder Serpentes that can be distinguished from legless lizards by their lack of eyelids and external ears. enabling them to swallow prey much larger than their heads with their highly mobile jaws . amniote vertebrates covered in overlapping scales. snakes are ectothermic. legless.ANIMALIA ‡ SNAKES ‡ Snakes are elongate. Like all squamates.

And when the star tortoise rests in tall grass or areas of dappled light. They are predominantly herbivorous feeding on grasses. They will occasionally eat carrion .ANIMALIA ‡ ‡ STARRED TORTOISE A star-burst pattern covering each scute mimics light and shadow and gives this tortoise its name. fallen fruit. adult star tortoises usually reach no more than 5-6 inches across. From a yellow spot in the center of the scute. Relatively small animals. flowers and leaves of succulent plants. it almost disappears. six to twelve yellow lines radiate to the scute's margin. though females can reach 15 inches.

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