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Causes of Revolts:
• OUR LOVE FOR FREEDOM AND INDEPENDENCE
• ABUSES OF SPANISH ENCOMENDEROS
• TIBUTE (RESIDENCE TAX)
• FORCE LABOR
• LAND GRABBING BY THE FRIARS
• BASI (WINE) MONOPOLY
• RELIGION
Examples of Revolts:
• DAGOHOY REBELLION (1744-1829)
• SILANG REBELLION (1762-1763)
• FIRST PAMPANGA REVOLT (1585)
• REVOLT IN CAGAYAN AND ILOCOS (1589)
• SUMUROY REVOLT (1649-1650)
• AGRARIAN REVOLT IN THE PROVINCE OF BATANGAS, BULACAN, CAVITE,
AND LAGUNA(1745-1746)
• ILOCOS BASI REVOLT (1807)
• REVOLT OF APOLINARIO DE LA CRUZ (HERMANO PULE) (1840-1841)
Dagohoy’s revolt (1744-1829)
• The revolt of Francisco Dagohoy in Bohol.
• Was the longest revolt in the Philippines history.
• It lasted for 85 years.
• Dagohoy’s brother was killed in a duel w/ a rebel.
• The Catholic priest refused to give him a Christian burial.
♦ Dagohoy got angry and led his people in a revolt.
They killed 2 priests in the island.
Dagohoy’s revolt (1744-1829)
• 20 Spanish Governor Generals failed to stop this rebellion.
• 1827 – Gov. Manuel Ricafort ordered 2,200 Filipino-Spanish troops to attack the
Bohol patriots. But failed.
• 1828-1829 – another attack was made. After years of fighting the patriots were
finally defeated.
• Dagohoy died 2 years before the Filipino Patriots were defeated.
• 19,000 survivors were pardoned and allowed to live in a new villages.
( Batuan, Bililihan, Cabulao, Catigoian, Vilar )
Silang’s Revolt (1762-1763)
• Diego Silang and his wife Gabriela Silang led this famous revolt in Ilocos.
• December 14,1762 – Diego Silang proclaimed the independence of his
people and made Vigan the capital of free Ilocos.
• May 28,1763 – D. Silang was killed by an assasin.
• Miguel Vicos – the assasin who shoot Silang in his back.
• Diego Silang died in the arms of his wife Gabriela.
Gabriela Silang
• continued the revolt.
• She won many battles.
• She was called “Joan of Arc of the Ilocos”.
• But Gabriela was defeated and executed at Vigan on September 10, 1763.
First Pampanga Revolt (1585)
• The abuses of Spanish encomenderos (holders of encomienda) started this
rebellion.
• Some brave Pampangueno leaders plotted w/ the people in Manila to enter
Intramuros and kill all Spanish officials there.
• But the plot did not succeed.
• Because a native Filipina married to a Spanish soldier reported it to the Spanish
authorities.
• The masterminds were arrested and executed.
Revolts again the Tribute (1589)
• It started in Cagayan and Ilocos .
• The Filipinos here revolted because of the abuses of the tribute collectors.
• They killed many Spaniards.
• Gov. Santiago de Vera - pacified the rebel patriots.
- he pardoned many of them and improve
their tax system.
Sumuroy’s Revolt (1649-1650)
• Visayan alcaldes mayor ordered to sent men to work in the Cavite naval
shipyards. The Visayan men hated this order because they don’t want to leave
their homes and families.
• Sumuroy – a native of Palapag, Samar, led them in an armed revolt.
• June 1, 1649 – he and his men killed their priest because on those days
Spanish priest was really like the government.
Sumuroy’s Revolt (1649-1650)
• Sumuroy hated the system of POLO (forced labor).
• Sumuroy and his men set up a free government in the mountains of Samar.
• July, 1650 – government troops attacked Sumuroy’s camp. Sumuroy was
caught alive and executed.
Agrarian Revolt (1745-1746)
• Filipino landowners in Batangas, Bulacan, Cavite, and Laguna revolted
against Spanish rule.
-their revolt was due to the land grabbing by Spaniards who took
over their ancestral lands.
• Lian and Nasugbu – the first spark of revolt.
- The Filipinos in this towns demanded the return of their land
occupied by the Spanish priest. The Filipinos burned the local
churches, looted the convents, ruined the ranches of the priest.
Agrarian Revolt (1745-1746)
• After some battles, the leaders were shot and exiled. Others were pardoned
after they surrendered.
• King Philip IV ordered the priest to return the stolen land to the Filipinos.
But the Spanish priest appealed the case and later won.
• During American Era – American authorities bought the friar lands owned
by religious orders. The land were subdivided and sold to Filipino farmers.
The Basi Revolt (1807)
• This was the most unusual revolt in the Philippine history. It was all about
the love for a homemade wine from sugarcane called basi.
• 1786 – the Spanish gov’t took over the mnaking and sale of wine. They
banned people from making wines. The Filipinos hated this order.
• September 28, 1807 – the rebels were defeated by Superior Spanish power.
Many lives were unfortunately lost, all because of the love for drinking wine.
The Religious Revolt of Hermano Pule (1840-1841)

• Apolinario de la Cruz (Hermano Pule)


♦ from Barrio Pandak, Lukban, Tayabas (Quezon).
♦Apolinario started his own religion in Lucban, it was called the
Cofradia de San Jose (Confraternity of St. Joseph).
♦But the Spanish officials did not allow any other religion.
So they banned his religion.
♦Thousands of Filipinos in Tayabas, Laguna, Batangas, and Manila
had already joined it.
The Religious Revolt of Hermano Pule (1840-1841)

• So the Spanish officials sent troops to break up the group. But Hermano and his
followers took up arms and protect themselves.
• October 1841 – at the Alitao, near Mt. Cristobal the gov’t troops attacked their
camp and killed many followers including old, women,and children.
• November 4, 1841 – Hermano Pule was executed in Tayabas. But this war not the
end of the story.
• Many Filipino soldiers secretly planned to take revenge on the hated Spaniards.
• The loyalist troops defeated the rebels after a bloody combat. Srg. Samaniego and
81 followers were shot at the Luneta at sunset on January 21, 1843.
Why Revolts Failed
• The Filipinos were not united. Instead of helping each other to oust the
Spaniards, the Filipinos fought each other. So the Spaniards used the
Filipinos lack of unity to continue oppressing them.
• There were no national leaders who united the people. There were no Gom-
Bur-Za, Rizal, Bonifacio, or Aguinaldo then. These national leaders only
came in the 19th century.
Historical Values
• “UNITED WE STAND, DIVIDED WE FALL.” If Filipinos do not help
each other solve their problems, then we will not be able to solve these
problems.
• If officials abuse their powers and oppress people, they will fall from power.
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