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RAILWAY ACCIDENTS

RAILWAY ACCIDENTS IN
AND
SAFETY MEASURES IN INDIA
INDIA

HEMANT MEENA 16113035


HIMANSHU MOYAL 16113036
JITESH KUMAR 16113042
BATCH – M3
LAYOUT-
INTRODUCTION
STATISTICS
CAUSES
SAFETY MEASURES
INTRODUCTION
•A train crash or accident is a type of disaster
involving one or more trains.
•It often occur as a result of
miscommunication, as when a moving train
meets another train on the same track; or
an accident, such as when a train wheel
jumps off a track in a derailment.
•12% of all the railway accidents across the
world happened in India in last years.
Classification of Accidents-
I. Train Accidents.
II. Yard Accidents.
III. Indicative Accidents.
IV. Equipment Failures.
V. Unusual Incidents.
Train Accidents-
• Collision-

• Cuttack: Bhadrak passenger DMU train hit to the back side of a goods Kamyani and Janta Express , near Kudawa railway station M.P
train at Kathajodi passenger halt in Cuttack on Thursday
Train Accidents-
• Fire-

• Rajya Rani Express, Dhamara Ghat , Bihar 2 coaches of 22416 AP Express catch fire near Birlanagar station in Gwalior
Train Accidents-
• Level Crossing –

Train hits jeep on unmanned level crossing in Odisha Twelve killed as train rams into vehicle in Hisar
Train Accidents-
• Derailment-

Ajmer-Sealdah train derails in Kanpur Dehat Derailed train at Teghria Village, Morigaon,Guhawati
Who is to blame for increasing accidents?
•Among railway departments, the
Engineering (Civil) department had the
highest share of responsibility for
accidents in the last five years.

•44% of derailments between 2012-13


and 2016-17 were due to failure of
tracks, fittings.
• Number of train accidents due to derailments has
increased in the last five years even as total number of
accidents has declined.

5
9 3 6
7 5 4
6 4 1
50 3 5
29 20
53 47
6 6
4
5 5
78
63 65
49 53
Causes of accidents in Indian Railways-
• Casualties per train accident was the highest in 2016-17
in the last five years.

8
7 4
57 9
7
59 57
23.5
38
6.80
9.5 5.30 2.3
1.8 1 2.8
7 4.5 12.3 6.5
6 7.5 15.5 12
4.5 11 8.3 8.3
4 31.5 39.5
29.5 33.3
25
• Failure of railway staff accounted for the highest share
of accidents between 2012-13 and 2016-17.
Safety measures-
Measures to avoid collisions-
• To increase Efficiency and to enhance Safety in train
operations, Advanced Signaling System with along with Multi
Aspect Color Light Signals have been progressively provided
at about 85% of Broad Gauge stations of Indian Railways,
replacing outdated Multi Cabin Mechanical Signaling system
involving a large number of human interfaces.
Measures to avoid collisions-
• Train Protection and Warning System (TPWS):
TPWS prevents train accidents caused by human error like Signal
Passing at Danger and Over Speeding.
Measures to avoid collisions-
• Train Collision Avoidance System (TCAS)-
TCAS has dual capability of preventing train accidents caused due to
Signal Passing at Danger or non observance of speed restrictions by
train drivers as well as preventing train collisions.
Measures to avoid collisions-
• Train Management System (TMS)-
TMS helps in real-time monitoring of trains in the control room.
Measures to avoid collisions-
• Complete Track Circuiting-
Measures to Reduce Derailments
• Upgradation of Track Structure.

• Long Welded Rails.

• Ultrasonic Testing of Rails and Welds .


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